Survey Of Art History 2 Exam 1

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Survey Of Art History 2 Exam 1
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2012-05-30 22:26:44
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Survey Art History
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art class
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    • Nicola Pisano,
    • Pisa Baptistery Pulpit
    • (Early Italian Renaissance, late 13th c. through the 14th c.)

    High Relief - Attached but coming out of the surface
    • Cimabue,
    • (Cenni di Pepo)
    • Virgin and Child Enthroned
    • (Early Italian Renaissance, late 13th c. through the 14th c.)

    • Tempera-egg w/pigment
    • -uses depth and space to layer angels
    • -throne looks more three demesional
    • Giotto,
    • Virgin and Child Enthroned
    • Early Italian Renaissance, late 13th c. through the 14th c.

    • -shading of the face
    • -fixes the probems with mary's leg
    • -doesn't stack people
    • Duccio,
    • Maestà/Kiss of Judas
    • from Siena Cathedral
    • (Early Italian Renaissance, late 13th c. through the 14th c)

    -shows space through soldies helmets and the landscape
    • Ambrogio Lorenzetti,
    • Allegory of Good and Bad Government,
    • from the Peace Room, Palazzo Pubblico, Siena, Italy
    • Early Italian Renaissance, late 13th c. through the 14th c.


    • Fresco-Layer of wet plaster and you paint on it before it dries(Pigment chemically binds w/Plaster)
    • -Secular painting in the town hall
    • *didatic/moral messages
    • Giotto,
    • Arena Chapel, Padua
    • Early Italian Renaissance, late 13th c. through the 14th c.

    Fresco
  1. Early Italian Renaissance
    Two major trends in 14th c. painting:

    • –Medieval
    • and Byzantine style as promoted by Cimabue, Duccio, etc.

    • (Identified by elongated forms,
    • gold backgrounds, stylized figures, flat surfaces, minimal importance of
    • spatial depth)

    • -Monumental,
    • naturalistic style as promoted by Giotto

    • (Identified by new awareness of
    • depth, perspective, space, solid forms)

    • This is the style that will prevail and dominate the 15th
    • century!

    • Majority
    • of art and architecture commissioned connected to religious world, but some
    • secular commissions as well.
  2. Northern Renaissance
    • •Geography: Netherlands, Germany, Flanders (Belgium and
    • France)

    •Highly successful merchant society

    • •Patrons of art: church, wealthy, and
    • rising middle class

    • •Interest in minute details, vibrant colors, and beautiful textures (particularly in painting, but
    • also manuscript illumination and tapestries)

    •Experiment with oil paints
    • Claus Sluter,
    • Well of Moses, (Detail of Moses and David)
    • The Chartreuse de Champmol,
    • Dijon,France
    • (Northern Renaissance, 1400s or 15th c.)
  3. Grisaille
    virtues and vices, nocochomatic painting usually browns or grays that mimics sculpture
  4. Giornata Lines
    all in one section/in a days work, so seen in frescos because of quick drying time and they show you how the artist painted.
    • Limbourg Brothers,
    • January,
    • from Tres Riches Heures du Duc de Berry,
    • (Northern Renaissance, 1400s or 15th c.)
    • Robert Campin,
    • Mérode Altarpiece (open)
    • (Northern Renaissance, 1400s or 15th c.)

    • Triptych
    • New medium:oil
    • Desguised Symbolism
  5. Triptych
    panel painting of three sections that is hinged together
  6. Desguised Symbolism
    It is when you hide the actual symblism of something by giving it another apparent symbolism.
    • Jan and Hubert van Eyck,
    • Ghent Altarpiece
    • (Northern Renaissance, 1400s or 15th c.)

    • oil
    • Polyptych-work of art divided into panels
    • Jan van Eyck,
    • Arnolfini Portrait,
    • Oil on wood
    • (Northern Renaissance, 1400s or 15th c.)
    • Hugo van der Goes,
    • Portinari Altarpiece,
    • (open)
    • (Northern Renaissance, 1400s or 15th c.)
    • Hunt of the Unicorn,
    • Wool, silk, and silver-and gilt-wrapped thread.
    • (Northern Renaissance, 1400s or 15th c.)
    • Martin Schongauer,
    • Demons Tormenting Saint Anthony,
    • engraving
    • (NorthernRenaissance, 1400s or 15th c.)
    • Lorenzo Ghiberti,
    • Gates of Paradise,
    • East Door, Florence Baptistery,
    • (Italian Renaissance, 1400s or 15thc.)
  7. The Renaissance in 15th c. Italy
    •The Quattrocento = 1400s, the Fifteenth Century.

    • “Rebirth” of Classical thought, ideals, art, etc.

    • Rise in Humanism

    • Guilds

    • Italian city-states, particularly Florence

    • Rising interest in and position of artists.

    • Wealthy Patrons, particularly the Medici family
  8. The Medici Family
    •Banking family

    • •Giovanni de’ Medici, (1360-1429), founded the
    • Medici bank

    •Cosimo (1389-1464)

    • *Began
    • first public library since antiquity

    •Piero (1426-1469)

    •Lorenzo (the “Magnificent”) (1449-1492)

    •Giovanni, Pope Leo X (1475-1521)
    • Arnolfo di Cambio and others,
    • Florence Cathedral (Duomo)
    • (early Italian Renaissance, late 13th c. through the 14th c.)

    • Drum and dome: Filippo Brunelleschi
    • (Italian Ren, 1400s or 15thc.)

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