Namibia, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozanbique, Madagascar, South Africa, Lesotho, and Swaziland
How high can the Drakensberg landform get?
Name the main mountains in Southern Africa
What is a major landform in Southern Africa and what is it?
The velds are open grassland areas
Name the national park.
Kruger National Park!
What is/are Southern Africa's climate(s)?
Steppe, tropical savanna, highlands, a bit of Mediterranean on cape, and a bit of humid continental. So almost all climates.
Are eastern slopes:
What "climate" is most common in the interior of southern Africa?
Semiarid with steppe and savanna vegitation
Where is the Kalahari desert?
Mostly in Botswana
Where does the Namib desert lie?
mostly along the Atlantic coast
What is found along the Orange River?
Aughrabies falls with 19 waterfalls.
Name another Southern Africa river (other than the Orange river)
What are their resources? (9)
Gold, diamonds, platinum, copper, uranium, coal, iron ore, livestock, and crops
What 4 countries are landlocked?
Swaziland, Lesotho, Botswana, and Zimbabwe
What was the Apartheid?
A policy to seperate the different peoples of Southern Africa
What were the three Apartheid groups?
Whites, blacks, and coloreds/Asians
During the Apartheid, white people owned...
Most of the good farmland, mines, and other natural resources.
What were some bad conditions blacks in Southern Africa faced?
Bad living atandards, Education was limited, live in open townships, had to work far from home, going against meant jail.
Who was the ANC leader who was famous for going to jail for standing up for blacks, and was a symbol for the blacks?
What are townships?
Clustered areas of tiny homes that were areas that blacks had to live in.
What are sanctions?
Restrictions from one country working with another to stop bad acts.
Give three examples of some sacnctions
Refusal to invest money
Refusal to trade
Refusal to let them join in universal organizations
What were some challenges after the Apartheid?
Wealth and industry was still mostly in white's possesion. Trying to create better working conditions and more jobs. New tensions between ethnic groups. and they are afraid if they change, the economy will plummet
What is made in the Witswatersrand region?
Computers, cars, TVs, and other modern life objects
South Africa still have many more resources and industries than most African countries but it still has what?
What are some problems in South Africa?
Trying to get equal education and economic oppurtunities, Crime, AIDs.
How many languages are spoken in South Africa, and what is the major one?
Nelson Mandela was born...
on July 18th, 1918 in a small SA village
Whaw law firm did Nelson Mandela help to establish?
Help blacks get equal rights and defending against the Apartheid
What three charged did Nelson Mandela face when arrested?
Treason, sabatoge, conspiracy
What was Nelson Mandela's punishment?
To go to jail for "life"
When was the Apartheid wiped out?
How long was Nelson Mandela in jail?
What honours did Nelson Mandela recieve throughout his lifetime?
Nobel Peace Prize in 1993
President in 1994
Became ANC leader in 1990
Most people live in ____ of the north or the _______ central highlands.
Most of Namibia's income comes from mining what?
lead, diamonds, copper, uranium, zinc
Thanks to mineral ______ and _______ political conditions Botswana is one of Africa's _______ stories.
resources, stables, success
SInce Zimbabwe's independance they have stuggled to create more _____ distribution of the land and ______
______ residents make up less than ___ percent of the population, however they still own most of the ______ and the ________
White, 1, large farms, ranches
Mozambique is one of the worlds ______ countries
Mozanbiques' economy was badly damaged by a civil war from ______.
Mozambique if famous for its fiery _____ or ____--____ sauce, which is often served over _____ and _____
Peppers, peri-peri, shrimp, rice
Madagascar is a former ______ colony
Most of Madagascar's people are still very ______.
Most of Madagascar''s money comes from what?
Sugar, coffe, cloves, and vanilla
Madagascar has many ______ found no where else. Some 4 species of ______ live on this island
Descibe the Sahara desert-
The largest desert in the world that covers most of North Africa abd stretches southward with very few inhabitants, and almost completely made of Ergs and Regs
"Seas" of sandy dunes which cover 1/4 of the Sahara
Broad, windswept gravel plains that cover nearly 3/4 of the Sahara
The ______ mountains cover the northwestern side of the Sahara rise to _________ft.
A big hole in the ground
In western Egypt, and goes about 440 ft below sea level.
The world's longest river,and it flows northward
Finely ground soil good for growing crops
Aswan High Dam-
A dam built in 1971 to control flooding from the Nile
most of Northern Africa is made up of the ______ climate except for the Northern coasts that are ______ climate.
What plants and animals live in the deserts of North Africa
Grasses, small shrubs, sparce trees in oases, gazelles, hyenas, baboons, foxes, and weasels
____ and gas are important resources especially in what three North Africa countries?
Oil, Libya, Algera, Egypt
About how long is the route from Europe and Asia shortened by using the Suez Canal?
about 6,000 miles
When was the Suez canal closed?
1956-57 and 1967-75
Who built the Suez Canal?
Designed and built by French, but Egyptians were the major builders.
What is the Suez Canal?
It shortens the trip from Europe to Asia and links the Red Sea to the Mediteranean Sea
Where is the Suez Canal located?
In between Egypt and the Sanai Peninsula
Why was the Suez Canal built?
To connect different areas and shorten the journy between the two seas and Europe and Asia
When was the Suez Canal built?
What are choke points? Why are they important?
Narrow points ships must pass through to get to other places. Durin was, it transports ships and troops. During peace, it transports goods.
How has the strategic importance of the Suez canal changed since the 1930s?
It became a major oil transporter and many ships are way too big to use it.
One of Egypt's main economic industries is _________.
The _______ is another source of income because ships pay tolls to pass through it. (Egypt)
Algeria's main economic resource is _________.
Morrocco is the only North African country with little ______ wealth. However, they are an important producer of ___________.
About ____ percent of Tunisia's trade is with ______ countries.
Cities and most of the _______ are found mainly along the _____.
_________ is the most important economic resource in Libya.