History exam day1

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LaurenCamp29
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156674
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History exam day1
Updated:
2012-06-03 10:00:31
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history
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history
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  1. Peace through submission to the will of Allah
    Islam
  2. Where does Islam begin?
    Makkah, Arabia
  3. Those who practice the religion of Islam
    Muslims
  4. Islam's God's Prophet
    Muhammad
  5. Holy book of Islam
    Koran
  6. Muslim house of worship
    Mosque
  7. What rights does Islam grant women?
    They can inherit property and divorce their husbands.
  8. What restricts Muslim female rights?
    Interpretation of the Koran
  9. *Identify the 5 pillars of Faith
    Belief (1 god, Allah/ Muhammad is the prophet)

    Prayer (5 times a day in the direction of Makkah)

    Almsgiving (charity)

    Fasting (during Ramadon)

    Pilgrimage (go to Makkah once in their life)
  10. Holiset Muslim City
    Makkah
  11. How is Islam similar to Western Culture and how does it vary?
    Its monothesistic

    No alcohol, women cannot date without a guardian.
  12. What is Jihad?
    Holy War
  13. Believed descendants of rightly caliphs should rule muslims
    Sunni
  14. Muslims who only accept the descendents of Ali as the rulers of Islam
    Shiites
  15. Muslim rulers, their reign was known as the golden age because of math and science accomplishments
    abbasids
  16. Similarities between Christianity, Judaism, and Islam
    they're all monothesistic relgions
  17. Identify organization of the Church
    pope
  18. *Identify feudal pyramid of the Middle Ages
    • 1% Pope
    • 1% Kings/Queens
    • 2% Knights/Nobles
    • 96% Serfs/Peasants
  19. Basis of power under the feudal system in Western Europe
    landownership
  20. Peasants trade land for protection from who?
    The vikings
  21. Typing viking attack
    hit and run or Ambush
  22. Viking explorer, reached the Amreicas before Columbus
    Leif Eriksson
  23. Descrbe the Lord Vassal Relationship
    • Lords gave vassal land (fief)
    • Vassals served in the military to get land from their lord.
  24. Duty of a papge?
    Care for the knights horses
  25. Duties of a knight
    vassal who offers a lord military protection
  26. Holy wars undertaken by western european christians to free the holy land
    Crusades
  27. Education of a nobleman
    Chivalry
  28. Feudal document that forced the king to follow the law
    Magna Carta (King John)
  29. Owned land in southern france which made her powerful for her time
    Eleanor of Aquitaine
  30. First event of the Crusades
    1071, The turks stopped christian pilgrims from visiting Jerusalem
  31. End of the Crusades
    1291, Muslims captured Acre
  32. Muslim Leader
    Saladin
  33. English King
    Richard the Lionheart
  34. The crusade between Richard the Lionheart and Saladin. How did it end?
    in a truce
  35. Why did the crusaders sack the Hagia Sophia?
    Riches
  36. Childrens Crusade
    Most of them were sold into slavery
  37. *Effects of the crusades
    First widespread attacks on the Jews

    Benefitted Italian port cities due to a rise in trade

    New Products were introducted to Europeans (like soap)
  38. Agricultural estate run by a lord and worked by Peasants
    Manor
  39. Oversaw the nobles fief
    Seneschal
  40. Where does the wool trade begin?
    Flanders, England supplied the wool and the poeple of Flanders produced the textiles.
  41. Location and historical importance of Venice
    Italian City-state, wealthy from trade
  42. Church court which tried heretics
    Inquisition
  43. To kick out of the church
    Excommunicate
  44. How did the black death start
    flees
  45. Group blamed for starting black death
    jews
  46. Grow powerful at the end of Middle ages from trade and money which ends Feudalism
    Townspeople/Merchants
  47. Work produced by a Journeyman in order to become a master of a trade
    Masterpiece
  48. Causes and results of the hundred years war
    • Land (france &england)
    • France gained independence from england
  49. What was Joan of Arc's main goals?
    to save france

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