Anatomy:Exam One

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llambert1
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156808
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Anatomy:Exam One
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2012-06-01 15:36:49
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Skeletal System
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Skeletal System
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  1. breast bone composed of three parts , manubrium, body, xiphoid process
    Sternum
  2. part of the pectoral girdle. The medial end participates in the4 sternoclavicular joint
    Clavicle
  3. Scapula
    part of the pectoral girdle
  4. abnormal exaggerated curvature in the lumbar region of the vertebral column
    Lordosis
  5. Tarsal
    one of the seven bones that form the ankle and heel
  6. Spine
    sharp pointed projection
  7. Process
    a prominence or projection
  8. a rounded projection at the end of a bone that articulates with another bone
    Condyle
  9. long bone of the arm
    Humerus
  10. Spinous process of the vertebra
    single projection arising from the posterior aspect of the vertebral arch
  11. glassy hyaline cartilage on the ends of bones that provide a smooth surface in a moveable ( synovial) joint
    Articular cartilage
  12. shaft of a long bone composed of compact bone
    Diaphysis
  13. raised area above the condyle; important for skeletal muscle attachment
    Epicondyle
  14. bone-forming cells
    Osteoblasts
  15. composite of two bones, scapula and clavicle that attach the upper limb to the axial skeleton, also called the pectoral girdle
    Shoulder girdle
  16. small struts of bone with much open spaces
    Spongy bone
  17. posterior area of the vertebra
    Vertebral arch
  18. Coccyx
    tail bone
  19. abnormal lateral curve of the vertebral column
    Scoliosus
  20. remnant of the epiphyseal plate after puberty
    Epiphyseal line
  21. the area of the pelvis above the pelvic brim bounded by the widest part of the ilia (plural of ilium)
    False pelvis
  22. part of the hip bone
    Public bone
  23. Carpal
    one of the eight bones of the wrist
  24. pertaining to the ribs
    Costal
  25. long bone of the leg
    Tibia
  26. two lateral projections from the vertebral arch of the vertebra
    Transverse processes of a vertebra
  27. Ischium
    part of the hip bone
  28. large cells that resorb or break down bone matrix
    Osteoclasts
  29. bones that do not fit the other categories. Ex. Vertebrae, hip bone
    Irregular bones
  30. Sacrum
    fusion of five vertebrae. The vertebral canal continues inside the sacrum as the sacral canal
  31. the first cervical vertebra; articulates with the occipital bone of the skull and the second cervical vertebra (axis)
    Atlas
  32. the portion of the body trunk above the diaphragm and below the neck
    Thorax
  33. canal through witch the spinal cord passes
    Vertebral foramen
  34. bones of the limbs and limb girdles that are attached to the axial skeleton
    Appendicular skeleton
  35. long bone of the leg
    Fibula
  36. a large blunt process on the femur important for muscle attachment
    Trochanter
  37. long bone of the forearm
    Ulna
  38. Primary curvatures of vertebral column
    thoracic and sacral curvatures present at birth
  39. inferior to the false pelvis below the pelvic brim. The dimensions of the cavity, particularly the pelvic outlet (inferior opening) and the inlet (superior opening) must be large enough to allow passage of the infant's head during childbirth
    True pelvis
  40. the only articulation between the shoulder girdle and the axial skeleton
    Sternoclavicular joint
  41. a small rounded process important for muscle attachment
    Tubercle
  42. a smooth articular surface. Ex. joint between head of rib and thoracic vertebrae
    Facet
  43. long bone of the forearm
    Radius
  44. Pelvis
    a basin-shaped structure; lower portion of the skeleton of the body trunk
  45. cervical and lumbar curvatures appear as the baby holds up the head and later begins to walk
    Secondary curvatures of vertebral column
  46. cavity of the shaft or yellow marrow; storage area for adipose (fat) tissue in adults
    Medullary cavity
  47. joint; point where two bones meet
    Articulation
  48. Short bones
    cube-shaped spongy bones. Ex. Patella, carpasl, tarsals
  49. a mature bone cell
    Osteocyte
  50. the highest point of the shoulder; part of the scapula
    Acromion
  51. shallow depression in a bone, often serving as part of a joint
    Fossa
  52. refers to the neck or the neck like portion of an organ or structure
    Cervical
  53. the last two pairs of false ribs lack the sternal attachment
    Floating ribs
  54. Tuberosity
    a broad process, larger than a tubercle important for muscle attachment
  55. formed of a number of individual bones called vertebrae and two composite bones ( sacrum and coccyx)
    Vertebral column
  56. a system of interconnecting canals in the microsopic structure of adult compact bone; unit of bone
    Osteon
  57. Glenohumeral joint
    the shoulder joint formed between the glenoid fossa of the scapula and the head of the humerus. This is a moveable synovial ball and socket joint
  58. first seven pairs attach directly to the sternum by constal cartilages
    True ribs
  59. lower five pairs of ribs either attach indirectly to the sternum or are not attached to the sternum at all
    False ribs
  60. flat plate of hyaline cartilage found in young growing bone
    Epiphyseal plate
  61. bones of the thorax, including ribs, sternum,, and thoracic vertebrae
    Bony thorax
  62. the bones of the skull, vertebral column, thorax, and sternum
    Axial skeleton
  63. head or end of a long bone consisting of a thin layer of compact bone enclosing an area filled with spongy bone
    Epiphysis
  64. abnormal exaggerated curvature in the thoracic region of the vertebral column
    Kyphosis
  65. Ilium
    part of the hip bone
  66. seven vertebrae in the neck region; smaller lighter with openings (foramina) in the transverse processes
    Cervical vertebrae
  67. disks of fibrocartilage between the vertebrae
    Intervertebral disks
  68. the weight-bearing part of the vertebra
    Body (centrum)
  69. refers to the chest
    Thoracic
  70. the kneecap
    Patella
  71. twelve vertebrae in the thoracic region that articulate with the ribs
    Thoracic vertebrae
  72. incomplete bony basis formed by the two coxal bones that secures the lower limbs to the sacrum of the axial skeleton
    Pelvic girdle
  73. the second cervical vertebra. Has a vertical projection called the dens around which the atlas rotates
    Axis
  74. the bones of the fingers and toes
    Phalanges
  75. five vertebrae in the lower back region that have massive block like bodies important for weight bearing
    Lumbar vertebrae
  76. located in the limbs; composed of a diaphysis (shaft), epihysis (head or end), marrow cavity. Ex. Humerus
    Long bones
  77. a hole or opening in a bone or between body cavities
    Foramen
  78. the cuplike cavity on the lateral surface of the hip bone that receives the femur
    Acetabulum
  79. thin and flat bones composed of two thin layers of compact bone with spongy bone in the middle. Ex. Bones of skull
    Flat bones
  80. Compact bone
    dense bone. Ex. the diaphysis (shaft) of long bones
  81. long bone of the thigh
    Femur
  82. openings located between the vertebrae allowing spinal nerves to pass out of the vertebral canal
    Intervertebral foramina
  83. Pectoral girdle
    composite of two bones, scapula and clavicle that attach the upper limb to the axial skeleton, also called the shoulder girdle
  84. fibrous connective tissue membrane important in bone remodeling, found on the outside of the shaft of the bone
    Periosteum
  85. the junction of two or more bones; an articulation. Ex. Fibrous, cartilaginous, synovial
    Joint
  86. one of the five bones between the tarsus and the phalanges of the foot
    Metatarsal
  87. Metacarpal
    one of the five bones of the palm of the hand

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