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What does ASAP stand for?
Army Substance Abuse Program
What is the mission of ASAP?
The ASAP’s mission is to strengthen the overall fitness and effectiveness of the Army’s total workforce and to enhance the combat readiness of its Soldiers.
What is meant by deglamorization of alcohol?
Personnel will not promote any function glamorizing the use of alcohol through drinking contests, games, initiations, or the awarding of alcoholic beverages as prizes in contests.
What army Regulation covers ASAP?
Is ASAP participation mandatory for Individuals that are command referred?
ASAP participation is mandatory for all Soldiers who are command referred. Failure to attend a mandatory counseling session may constitute a violation of Article 86 of the Uniform Code of Military Justice (UCMJ).
What will happen to Soldiers who fail to participate in or fail to respond successfully to rehabilitation?
Soldiers who fail to participate adequately in, or to respond successfully to,rehabilitation will be processed for administrative separation and not be provided another opportunity for rehabilitation except under the most extraordinary circumstances, as determined by the CD in consultation with the unit commander.
What are the ways that Soldiers can be identified as having a substance abuse problem?
- Voluntary (self-identification)
- Commander / Supervisor Identification
- Biochemical Identification
- Medical Identification
- Investigation and or Apprehension
What are the objectives of rehabilitation with ASAP?
- Return Soldiers to full duty as soon as possible.
- Identify Soldiers who cannot be rehabilitated within the scope of this regulation and to advise their unit commanders.
- Assist and refer Soldiers who cannot be rehabilitated in the ASAP to a treatment facility in the vicinity where they reside after discharge from the Army.
- Help resolve alcohol and other drug abuse problems in the family, with the ultimate goal of enabling the Soldier to perform more effectively.
What are the objectives of bio-chemical testing (also called a urinalysis)?
- Deter Soldiers, including those members on initial entry on AD after enlistment or appointment, from abusing drugs (including illegal drugs, other illicit substances, and prescribed medication).
- Facilitate early identification of alcohol and/or other drug abuse.
- Enable commanders to assess the security, military fitness, good order and discipline of their units, and to use information obtained to take appropriate action (for example, UCMJ, administrative, or other actions, including referral to the ASAP counseling center for screening, evaluation, and possible treatment).
- Monitor rehabilitation of those enrolled for alcohol and/or other drug abuse.
- Collect data on the prevalence of alcohol and/or other drug abuse within the Army.
Commanders may direct drug testing under what conditions?
- Unit inspections. (either the entire or part of a unit)
- Search and seizures/probable cause.
- Competence for Duty.
- Mishap or Safety Inspection.
- Consent (specimen may be provided voluntarily by a Soldier).
- New Entrant.
All ASAP referrals are accomplished by the Commander or 1SG using what form?
Completing and signing the DA 8003 Referral Form.
Can Soldiers that are enrolled in an ASAP rehabilitation program reenlist?
- Soldiers currently enrolled in the ASAP rehabilitation program are not
- allowed to reenlist. However, Soldiers who need additional service time
- to complete their enrollment may be extended for the number of months
- necessary to permit completion.
Will Soldiers who are command referred to ASAP be flagged?
Yes, IAW AR600-8-2 (Suspension of Favorable Personnel Action (flags)).
What Does ACS stand for?
Army Community Service
What does the ACS symbol represent?
The heart = giving, the cross = help, the gyroscope = stability
How is ACS staffed for the most part?
What is the motto of the ACS?
Self-help, service and stability.
What can you do to help out ACS?
Donate Staple foodstuff to the food lockers, usable household goods, and volunteer your time.
What does TABE stand for?
Test ofAdult Basic Education
How much of your tuition does the tuition assistance grant pay?
Name some federal financial aid programs available to Soldiers through ACES
- Pell Grant
- Perkins Loans
- Guaranteed\Student Loans
What does DANTES stand for?
Defense Activity for Non-Traditional Education Support
What does DANTES do?
- provides standardized testing services free to military personnel. Family members and civilians may take DANTES
- tests but must pay for each test taken.
What does SOC stand for?
Service members Opportunity Colleges
What does SOCAD stand for?
Service members Opportunity College Army Degrees
AER closely coordinates with what other organization?
American Red Cross
What is AER?
- AER is a private, nonprofit organization to collect and hold funds to
- relieve distress of members of the Army and their dependents. AER
- provides emergency financial assistance to soldiers (active and retired)
- and their families in time of distress.
Are you required to contribute to AER to receive help?
What is the purpose of the Army Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Program?
- The Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Program reinforces the Army's
- commitment to eliminate incidents of sexual assault through a
- comprehensive policy that centers on awareness and prevention, training
- and education, victim advocacy, response,reporting, and accountability.
The Army's policy on Army Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Program applies where and when?
- Both on and off post and during duty and non-duty hours.
- To working, living, and recreational environments (including both on- and off-post housing).
What are the goals of the Army Sexual Assault Prevention and Response Program?
- Create a climate that minimizes sexual
- assault incidents, which impact Army personnel, Army civilians, and
- family members, and, if an incident should occur, ensure that victims
- and subjects are treated according to Army policy.Create a climate that encourages victims to report incidents of sexual assault without fear.Establish sexual assault prevention training and awareness programs to educate Soldiers.Ensure sensitive and comprehensive treatment to restore victims’ health and well-being.Ensure
- leaders understand their roles and responsibilities regarding response
- to sexual assault victims, thoroughly investigate allegations of sexual
- assault, and take appropriate administrative and disciplinary action.
Define sexual assault.
- Sexual assault is a crime defined as intentional sexual contact,
- characterized by use of force, physical threat or abuse of authority or
- when the victim does not or cannot consent.
Sexual assault includes what acts?
- Non consensual Sodomy (oral or anal sex)
- Indecent Assault (unwanted, inappropriate sexual contact or fondling)
- Attempts to commit these acts
More than half of sexual assault offenses include what?
Prevention of sexual harassment is whose responsibility?
The Commander’s Responsibility
If someone has been sexually assaulted, to whom may they report the crime?
- Their chain of command.
- Medical Treatment Facility.
- Military Police/Criminal Investigation Division.
- Social Work Services.
- Family Advocacy.
- Legal Services.
What are the categories of sexual harassment and give some examples?
Verbal, nonverbal, and physical contact
What does EO stand for?
What is an EOR?
What rank should an EOR normally be?
SGT (P)through 1LT
What are the three policies each commander is required to publish and post on equal opportunity?
- Written command policy statements for EO
- Prevention of Sexual Harassment
- Equal Opportunity Complaint Procedures
Soldiers are required to have how many periods of EO training per year?
4 (1 each quarter)
What does AFAP stand for?
Army Family Action Plan
he philosophy toward the family, based on the Army Family White Paper, consists of three critical elements. What are they?
- Sense of community
What are some things that the AFAP does?
- Gives commanders a gauge to validate concerns and measure satisfaction
- Enhances Army's corporate image
- Helps retain the best and brightest
- Results in legislation, policies, programs and services that strengthen readiness and retention
- Safeguards well-being
What Army Regulation covers the Army Retention Program?
What are some reasons that a soldier may be ineligible for reenlistment?
If the soldier is barred or flagged and if the soldier is enrolled in ASAP
What is an SRB?
Selective Reenlistment Bonus
What is the minimum number of years that a soldier must reenlist for to be eligible for an SRB?
Can a Soldier request separation if a bar to reenlistment is imposed?
Describe a Bar to Reenlistment.
Administrative action initiated by the commander to prevent a substandard soldier from reenlisting or reentering the service
A Bar to Reenlistment is reviewed how often?
Every three months or 30 days prior to PCS / ETS
Who can initiate a Bar to Reenlistment?
Any commander in the soldier’s chain of command
Who is the final approving authority for a Bar to Reenlistment?
A Commander who is one approval level higher than the commanding authority
What type of fire extinguisher must not be used on electrical fires?
A water fire Extinguisher
Who is responsible for the Army Safety Program?
It is the responsibility of each soldier
The word SAFETY is often associated with what term?
What accounts for the majority of accidents?
What does QOLP stand for?
Quality Of Life Program
What is CHAMPUS?
- Civilian Health And Medical Program for the Uniformed Services. It is a cost-sharing
- program that is used to provide in-patient and outpatient care for dependents
- from civilian sources.
What Does DEERS stand for?
Defense Enrollment Eligibility Reporting System.
What is DEERS used for?
- To obtain
- dependent ID cards for eligible spouse and children
What does NCODP stand for?
Non commissioned Officer Development Program
What is the goal of NCODP?
overarching Army Non commissioned Officer Professional Development Program.
As with all leader training and leader development, who is responsible for NCODP?
What is the first thing you should do when you handle a weapon?
Make sure you clear it
Name the five phases in Basic Rifle Marksmanship.
- Rifle InstructionDownrange
- Rifle MarksmanshipAdvanced
- Optics, Laser and Iron Sights
What are the four fundamentals of marksmanship?
- Steady Position
- Proper Aim (Sight Picture)
- Trigger Squeeze
During Preliminary Marksmanship Training (PMI), what are the only two positions taught?
- Individual Foxhole supported
- Basic Prone unsupported
What are the two basic elements of the Sight Picture?
- Sight Alignment
- Placing of the Aiming Point
What does the acronym SPORTS stand for?
Slap, Pull, Observe, Release, Tap and Shoot
What is remedial action?
- Remedial action is the continuing effort to determine the cause for a
- stoppage ormal function and to try to clear the stoppage once it has
- been identified.
Describe the proper procedures for applying remedial action with the M16/A2.
Try to place the weapon on safeRemove the magazineLock the bolt to the rearPlace the weapon on safe if not already done
Is SPORTS an Immediate or Remedial Action?
What is immediate action?
Immediate action involves quickly applying a possible correction to reduce a stoppage without performing troubleshooting procedures to determine the actual cause.(SPORTS)
How many times should immediate action be applied to a weapon?
Once. (If Rifle still fails to fire, apply remedial action)
What is a malfunction?
The weapon ceasing to fire due to a stoppage resulting from mechanical failure of the weapon, magazine or ammo.
Name the different categories of malfunctions on the M16/A2.
Failure to feed, chamber or lockFailure to fire cartridgeFailure to ExtractFailure to Eject
What is stoppage?
A stoppage is a failure of an automatic or semiautomatic firearm to complete the cycle of operation..
How do you clear a stoppage?
Apply immediate or remedial action
What is the definition of Maximum Effective Range?
The greatest distance at which a soldier may be expected to deliver a target hit.
What does CLP stand for?
- - It contains solvents that dissolve firing residue and carbon.Lubricant
- - It lays down a layer of teflon as it dries to provide lubrication.Preservative
- - It prevents rust from Forming.
Describe the M16/A2 Rifle.
- A 5.56
- mm, magazine fed, gas-operated, air-cooled, semiautomatic or three-round burst,
- hand-held, shoulder-fired weapon.
What are the 7 types of ammunition that can be used with the M16/A2 Rifle?
- M193 – Ball
- M196 – Trace
- M199 – Dummy
- M200 – Blank (Violet tip and 7 petal rose crimp)
- M855 – Ball (Green Tip)
- M856 – Tracer (Red Tip)
- M862 – Short Range Training Ammunition (Plastic with a Blue Tip)
Describe the weights of the M16/A2 Rifle.
Without Magazine and Sling - 7.78 poundsWith Sling and a loaded 20 round magazine - 8.48 poundsWith Sling and a loaded 30 round magazine - 8.79 pounds
Describe the max effective rates of fire for the M16/A2 Rifle.
Semiautomatic - 45 rounds per minuteBurst - 90 rounds per minuteSustained - 12-15 rounds per minute
What is the muzzle velocity of the M16/A2 Rifle?
3,100feet per second
Describe the ranges for the M16/A2 Rifle.
Maximum Range - 3,600 metersMax Effective Range for a Point Target - 550 metersMax Effective Range for an Area Target - 800 meters
What is the basic load of ammunition for the M16/A2 Rifle?
- Rounds total. (7 magazines with 30
- rounds in each)
What is the overall length of the M16/A2 Rifle?
What are the 8 steps in the functioning of the M16/A2 rifle?
- Extract ing
Describe the weights of the M4 Rifle without mgazine and sling, with
sling and loaded 20 round magazine and with sling and loaded 30 round
Without Magazine and Sling - 6.49 poundsWith Sling and a loaded 20 round magazine - 7.19 poundsWith Sling and a loaded 30 round magazine - 7.50 pounds
What is the muzzle velocity of the M4 Rifle?
2,970feet per second
Describe the ranges for the M4 Rifle.
Maximum Range - 3,600 metersMax Effective Range for a Point Target - 500 metersMax Effective Range for an Area Target - 600 meters
What is the overall length of the M4 Rifle?
Buttstock Closed - 29.75 inchesButtstock Open - 33.00 inches
Leadership is influencing people by providing purpose, direction, and motivation while operating to accomplish the mission and improving the organization.
What is purpose?
Purpose gives subordinates the reason to act in order to achieve a desired outcome.
What is direction?
- Providing clear direction involves communicating how to accomplish a
- mission: prioritizing tasks, assigning responsibility for completion,
- and ensuring subordinates understand the standard.
What is motivation?
Motivation supplies the will to do what is necessary to accomplish a mission.
Describe the "Be, Know and Do".
- Army leadership begins with what the leader must BE, the values and
- attributes that shape a leader's character. Your skills are those things
- you KNOW how to do, your competence in
- everything from the technical side of your job to the people skills a
- leader requires. But character and knowledge while absolutely necessary
- are not enough. You cannot be effective, you cannot be a leader, until
- you apply what you know, until you act and DO what you must.
What are the three principal ways that leaders can develop others through which they provide
knowledge and feedback?
A leader's effectiveness is dramatically enhanced by understanding and developing what areas?
- Military Bearing
- Physical Fitness
What is military bearing?
Projecting a commanding presence, a professional image of authority.
What is physical fitness?
Having sound health, strength, and endurance, which sustain emotional health and conceptual abilities under prolonged stress.
What is confidence?
- Projecting self-confidence and certainty in the unit's ability to succeed in whatever
- it does; able to demonstrate composure and outward calm through steady control over emotion.
What is resilience?
- Showing a tendency to recover quickly from setbacks, shock, injuries, adversity, and
- stress while maintaining a mission and organizational focus.
What are the three core domains that shape the critical learning experiences throughout Soldiers' and leaders' careers?
- Institutional training.
- Training, education, and job experience gained during operational assignments.
What are the Leader Actions?
- Influencing - getting people (Soldiers, Army civilians, and multinational partners) to do what is
- Operating - the actions taken to influence others to accomplish missions and to set the stage for
- future operations.
- Improving - capturing and acting on important lessons of ongoing and completed projects and
What are the three levels of leadership?
- Direct - Direct leadership is face-to-face, first-line leadership.
- Organizational - Organizational leaders influence several hundred to several thousand people.
- They do this indirectly, generally through more levels of subordinates than do direct leaders.
- Strategic - Strategic leaders include military and DA civilian leaders at the major command
- through Department of Defense levels. Strategic leaders are responsible for large organizations
- and influence several thousand to hundreds of thousands of people.
What are the Army Values?
- Selfless Service
- Personal Courage
Attributes of an Army leader can best be defined as what an Army leader is. What are the attributes of an Army leader?
- A leader of character
- A leader with presence
- A leader with intellectual capacity
Core leader competencies are what an Army leader does. What are the core leader competencies?
- An Army leader leads
- An Army leader develops
- An Army leader achieves.
Why must leaders introduce stress into training?
- Using scenarios that closely resemble the stresses and effects of the real battlefield is essential
- to victory and survival in combat.
What are intended and unintended consequences?
- Intended consequences are the anticipated results of a leader's decisions and actions.Unintended consequences arise from unplanned events that affect the organization or
- accomplishment of the mission.
What is communication?
A process of providing information
Name the two barriers of communications
Name some physical barriers of communication
What is counseling?
- Counseling is the process used by leaders to review with a subordinate the subordinate's
- demonstrated performance and potential.
What are the three major categories of developmental counseling?
- Event counseling
- Performance counseling
- Professional growth counseling
Character is essential to successful leadership. What are the three major factors that determine a leader's character?
- Army Values
- Warrior Ethos
What are the 7 steps to problem solving?
- ID the problem
- Gather information
- Develop criteria
- Generate possible solutions
- Analyze possible solutions
- Compare possible solutions
- Make and implement the decision
What is reverse planning?
- Reverse planning is a specific technique used to ensure that a concept leads to the intended end
To assess subordinates, leaders you must-
Observe and record subordinates' performance in the core leader competencies.Determine if the performances meet, exceed, or fall below expected standards.Tell subordinates what was observed and give an opportunity to comment.Help subordinates develop an individual development plan (IDP) to improve performance.
What are the team building stages?
Name some things in a unit that affect morale
- Military justice
What are beliefs?
Beliefs derive from upbringing, culture, religious backgrounds and traditions.
What are the three marching steps used in drill?
- 30instep, DOUBLE TIME 180 steps per minute
What are two prescribed formations for platoons?
What is the primary purpose of drill (drill and ceremony)?
- The purpose of drill is to enable a commander or non-commissioned
- officer to move his unit from one place to another in an orderly manner;
- to aid in disciplinary training by instilling habits of precision and
- response to the leader’s orders;and to provide for the development of
- all soldiers in the practice of commandingtroops.
What are the 4 rest positions that can be given at the halt?
- Parade rest
- Stand at ease
- At ease
What is the primary value of ceremonies?
To render honors, preserve tradition, and to stimulate Esprit de Corps
What is a rank?
A line, which is only one element in depth
What foot is your leading foot?
Your left foot
What is the only command given from "Inspection Arms"?
“Ready, Port, Arms”
What is an element?
An individual,squad, section, platoon, company or larger unit forming part of the next higher unit
When marching, who is the only person in a platoon that is never out of step?
The platoon guide is the person responsible for maintaining the prescribed direction and rate of march.
What is a file?
A column, which has a front of only one element
If you were marching a squad, when would you give the command "squad halt"?
When either foot strikes the ground
What is a formation?
The arrangement of elements of a unit in a prescribed manner
6After weapons have been
issued to a unit and all other soldiers have fallen in with their
weapons, what is the next command that you should give?
While passing the colors or while the colors are passing you, when is the hand salute rendered?
Six paces before and six paces after
How many steps per minute is quick time?
120 steps per minute
What command is given to reverse the direction of a march?
From what position are all stationary movements given?
Position of attention
On what foot would you give the command "Mark time march"?
On either foot
What is cover?
Aligning yourself directly behind the man to your immediate front, while maintaining correct distance
How do you measure a "step"?
Heel to heel
What are the two parts of most drill command?
- Preparatory command
- Command of execution
How many steps does each rank take when a platoon is given the command of Open Ranks?
- On the command "March", The first rank takes two steps forward, the
- second rank takes one step forward, the third rank stands fast and the
- fourth rank take two 15 inch steps to the rear
What are the 5 types of commands in a drill?
- Two part
What position is the unit guidon once a preparatory command is given?
The raised vertical position
What are some examples of a combined command?
What command is given to revoke a preparatory command?
As You Were
When executing a Rear March, on which foot do you pivot?
Both feet, turning 180 degrees to the right
What are the three methods used to teach Drill?
- Step by step
- By the numbers
- Talk-through method
What 4 movements in marching require a 15-inch step?
- Half step
- Left step
- Right step
- Backward march
How many steps should separate platoons when a company is formed?
What is the "Blue Book"?
- A drill manual used by Baron Von Steuben (a former Prussian officer) to
- train the colonial army. It preceded the FM 3-21.5. It was known as "The
- regulations for the Order and Discipline of the Troops of the United
- States". This book was the first Army Field Manual
Can a command be changed after the command of execution has been given?
How far in front of the Honor Company or color company do the colors halt?
What are the basic colors of a map, and what does each color represent?
- Black - Indicates cultural (man-made) features such as buildings and roads, surveyed spot elevations, and all labels
- .Red-Brown- The colors red and brown are combined to identify cultural features, all relief features, non-surveyed spot elevations, and elevation, such as contour lines on red-light readable maps.
- Blue - Identifies hydrography or water features such as lakes, swamps, rivers, and drainage.
- Green - Identifies vegetation with military significance, such as woods, orchards, and vineyards.
- Brown- Identifies all relief features and elevation, such as contours on older edition maps, and cultivated land on red-light readable maps.
- Red - Classifies cultural features, such as populated areas, main roads, and boundaries, on older maps.
- Other- Occasionally other colors may be used to show special information.
- These are indicated in the marginal information as a rule.
What are military symbols?
Figures used to represent types of military organizations, installations, and activities
Where is the Legend of the map found?
Lower left margin
What are contour lines?
Imaginary lines on the ground connecting equal elevation, they represent high and low ground elevation.
What are 3 types of contour lines?
How many Mils are in one Degree?
How many Norths are there on a military map?
- True north
- Magnetic north
- Grid north
What shape are the contour lines that indicate a hill?
A hill is shown on a map by contour lines forming concentric circles. The inside of the smallest closed circle is the hilltop.
What shape are the contour lines that indicate a saddle?
A saddle is normally represented as an hourglass
1What shape are the contour lines that indicate a valley?
Contour lines forming a valley are either U-shaped or V-shaped.
12What shape are the contour lines that indicate a Ridge?
Contour lines forming a ridge tend to be U-shaped or V-shaped. The closed end of the contour line points away from high ground.
What shape are the contour lines that indicate a depression?
- Usually only depressions that are equal to or greater than the contour
- interval will be shown. On maps, depressions are represented by closed
- contour lines that have tick marks pointing toward low ground.
What shape are the contour lines that indicate a draw?
The contour lines depicting a draw are U-shaped or V-shaped, pointing toward high ground.
What must be done to a map before it can be used?
It must be oriented.
What are 5 major terrain features found on a map?
What are the 3 minor terrain features found on a military map?
What are the 2 supplementary terrain features found on a military map?
What is a map?
A map is a graphic representation of a portion of the earth’s surface drawn to scale, as seenfrom above.
What is an azimuth?
A horizontal angle, measured in a clockwise manner from a north base line, expressing direction.
What is vertical distance?
The distance between the highest and lowest points measured.
What is a contour interval?
The vertical distance between adjacent contour lines on a map.
What is the distance between grid lines on a combat map?
1 kilometer or 1000 meters
How many mils are there in a circle?
6400 mils in 360 degrees
Which north is used when using a military map?
Magnetic north when using a compass, and grid north when using the map
How would you hold a lensatic compass?
Away from metal (weapons, electrical devices), level and firm
Name two ways to hold a compass?
- Compass-to-Cheek Method
- Center-Hold Method
Are topographic symbols drawn to scale?
What do topographic symbols represent?
Man-made and natural features
In military symbols, what colors are used for a map overlay and what do they represent?
- Blue-Friendly forces
- Red-Enemy forces
- Yellow-contaminated area both friendly and enemy
- Green-engineer obstacles, both friendly and enemy
What is Back Azimuth?
The opposite direction of an azimuth.
How do you figure out a back azimuth?
- To obtain a back azimuth from an azimuth, add 180 degrees if the azimuth
- is 180 degrees or less; subtract 180 degrees if the azimuth is 180
- degrees or more
What is a declination diagram?
Shows the angular relationship between the magnetic north, grid north and true north
What is the general rule for reading military grid coordinates?
Right and UP
How many sights does a compass have?
What is a benchmark?
A man-made marker showing points of elevation
What are parallels of latitude?
Measured distances going north or south of the equator
What is an aerial photograph?
An aerial photograph is any photograph taken from an airborne vehicle (aircraft, drones, balloons, satellites, and so forth)
What does UTM stand for?
Universal Transverse Mercator
The lensatic compass has a bezel ring; each bezel ring click is equal to how many degrees?
How many times would the bezel ring click if it were fully rotated?
Large cities on a map are represented by what color?
Name two ways to orient a map?
Use a compass and terrain association
The arrow on a compass always points what direction?
What does the term FLOT mean?
Forward Line Of Troops
What are the alternate colors on a map and what do they mean?
Gray- alternate color for brown, Yellow- built up areas, and Pink- political boundaries
What is longitude?
Imaginary lines that run north to south originating in Greenwich, England and measured in degrees
What s a topographic map?
Portrays terrain and land forms in a measurable way as well as horizontal features of the positions represented
What does the term intersection mean?
Finding the location of an unknown point by sighting two or more known points
Why is a map so important?
- When used correctly, a map can give you accurate distances, locations
- and heights, best routes key terrain features and cover and concealment
What does the term resection mean?
Resection is the method of locating one’s position on a map by determining the grid azimuthto at least two well-defined locations that can be pinpointed on the map.
If you find a symbol on a map that is unknown to you, where would you look?
The marginal data, located on the outside lower portion of the map
How many scales are there on a compass, what are they?
What are the 4 quadrants on a map?
What are the three elements for a land navigation process known as Dead Reckoning?
- Known starting point
- Known distance
- Known azimuth
What is the feature that makes the lensatic compass work well at night?
The dials and needles are luminous
What is a polar coordinate?
Plotting or locating an unknown point using an azimuth and a distance from a known starting point
What is the name of the map system that the U.S. uses?
On a lensatic compass there are two rings, an outer black ring and an inner red ring, what are they used for?
The inner red ring is used to find degrees, and the outer black ring is used to find mils
Name 3 field expedient methods of determining direction
The shadow-tip method, the watch method, and the North Star method
What is a contour level?
- It is the vertical distance between contour lines. The amount of the
- contour level is located in the Marginal Information on the map.
The border line around the edge of the map is called the what?
Name the different slopes found on a map.
You must find at least how many known locations on a map and the actual ground in order to plot your location accurately?
At least 2
What are the three main map sizes?
What are two methods of measuring an azimuth?
Compass and a protractor
How close will an eight-digit grid get you to your point?
How close will a six-digit grid coordinate get you to your point?
What would you use on a map to measure actual ground distance?
The bar scale
What survival concept does each letter in the word SURVIVAL stand for?
- S- Size up the situation
- U- Use all your senses
- R- Remember where you are
- V- Vanquish fear and panic
- I- ImproviseV-Value living
- A- Act like the natives
- L- Live by your wits, but for now learn basic skills
What is the FM that covers "Survival"?
What would your reaction be to an overhead flare at night?
Immediately crouch or lie down, stop all movement and close one eye to keep "night vision" in one, while scanning with the other
What are the 9 common senses of Dehydration? (You may only have to name about 5 in a board)
- Dark urine with a very strong odo
- rDark, Sunken eyes
- Low urine output
- Loss of skin elasticity
- Emotional instability
- Thirst"Trench line" down center of tongue
- Delayed capillary refill in the fingernail beds
What are the basic rules for water consumption in an arid area?
At temperatures below 100 degrees Fahrenheit, drink one pint of water every hour.At temperatures above 100 degrees Fahrenheit, drink one quart of water every hour
Is it always safe to eat and drink what the animals eat and drink?
No, some animals are able to eat and drink something that may be harmful to humans
In any situation,
cleanliness is an important factor in preventing infection and disease.
It becomes even more important in a survival situation. Poor hygiene can
reduce your chances of
survival. What are some key areas to focus on to maintain good personal
- Keep your hands clean
- Keep your hair clean
- Keep your clothing clean
- Keep your teeth clean
- Take care of your feet
- Get sufficient rest
Name 4 crucial factors in staying healthy
- Having adequate food and water
- good personal hygiene
- Getting sufficient rest
- Keeping your immunizations up-to-date.
What is Stress?
- Stress is not a disease that you cure and eliminate. Instead, it is a
- condition we all experience. Stress can be described as our reaction to
- pressure. It is the name given to the experience we have as we
- physically, mentally, emotionally, and spiritually respond to life's
Do we need STRESS?
- Yes, it has many positive benefits. Stress provides us with challenges;
- it gives us chances to learn about our values and strengths. The goal is
- to have stress, but not an excess of it. Too much stress can take its
- toll on people and organizations. Too much stress leads to distress.
- Distress causes an uncomfortable tension that we try to escape and,
- preferably, avoid.
What are a few of the
common signs of distress you may find in yourself or fellow soldiers you
may find when faced with too much stress?
- Difficulty making decisions
- Angry Outbursts
- Low energy levels
- Constant worrying
- Propensity for mistakes
- Thoughts about death or suicide
- Trouble getting along with others
- Withdrawing from others
- Hiding from responsibilities
What are some of the natural reactions / emotions you are likely to experience in a survival situation?
What are some methods of improving the taste of wild plants?
What heat effects must be considered in an arid area?
- Direct sun
- Reflective heat gain
- Conductive heat gain
- Hot blowing winds
What are a few types of stresses that you could be exposed to in a Survival setting?
- Injury, Illness or Death
- Uncertainty and Lack of Contro
- Hunger and thirst
What is "Dead Space"?
An area that cannot be fired upon within a weapons sector.
What would your reaction be to an overhead flare?
Immediately crouch or lie down, and stop all movement
What is the Low-crawl used for?
To move through places where concealment is limited and enemy fire prevents you from getting up
In order to maintain your heath, what rules must you follow?
- Prevent dehydration
- Eat sufficient food
- Maintain high personal hygiene.
When you have been firing from one position, what should you do before you move?
Roll or crawl a short distance from your position before movin
What is the High-crawl used for?
When concealment is good, but enemy fire prevents you from getting up
What is the most important need in a survival situation?
What are the five factors for selecting a hide site when evading the enemy?
- B -blends in with the surroundings
- L -low in silhouette
- I -irregular in shape
- S -small in size
- S -secluded.
What should you avoid when seeking shelter?
Avoid using existing buildings or shelters.
What are the eight rules for avoiding detection?
- Identify the threat’s capabilities
- Avoid detection
- Use countermeasures against the enemy
- Apply realistic camouflage
- minimize movement
- Use decoys
- continuously avoid detection
- Avoid operational/terrain patterns.
What is a "Rally Point"?
An area where a platoon or section moves when it has become dispersed.
When you move through tall grass, why do you change direction from time to time?
To avoid being seen by the enemy.
What is a hole-up area?
After hiding for several days, it is an area where you can recuperate and get or prepare food.
What is a Recon Patrols mission?
To provide accurate information on the enemy and terrain.
When is it most feasible to travel while in a survival situation?
When should an evader attempt to contact friendly troops once near?
When there is enough light to be identified by the friendly forces.
What are the three types of operation orders?
- Warning Order
- Fragamentary Order
- Operation Order.
What are the five parts to a combat order?
- Command & Control.
When marching on roads during daylight hours, what is the recommended distance between soldiers?
- 2-5 meters between soldiers
- 50 meters between platoons
- 100 meters between companies.
When marching on roads during night hours, what is the recommended distance between soldiers?
- 1-3 meters between soldiers
- 25meters between platoons
- 50 meters between companies.
When constructing a defensive position as a platoon or squad, what should the rest of the platoon or squad be doing?
What is a patrol?
Operations conducted to gather mission critical information.
What is "manually supporting fire"?
When weapons are placed in support of neighboring fighting positions (interlaced fields of fire).
What are the three types of movement techniques used in combat?
How long does it take for your eyes to develop their "night vision"?
About 30 minutes
What formation is normally used during tactical road marches?
Column of two, one file on each side of the road
Commander in chief
Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff
GEN Martin Dempsey
Chief of Staff of the United States Army
GEN Raymond T. Odierno
United States Secretary of Defense
United States Secretary of the Army
John M. McHugh
Sergeant Major of the Army
Raymond F. Chandler III
Governor of Arizona
The Adjutant General
MG Hugo Salazar
State Sergeant Major
CSM Max Butler
What are the 4 levels of Maintenance?
- Direct support (DS)
- General support (GS)
What does PMCS stand for?
Preventative Maintenance Checks and Service
When is a PMCS required to be performed?
Before, during and after the operation of a piece of equipment and also at weekly and monthly intervals
What is a TM?
A Technical Manual, outlines the specific scope of repairs on equipment
What is a DD Form 314?
Preventative Maintenance Schedule and Record
Who is required to perform a PMCS?
Every operator who is assigned a piece of equipment
What does TAMMS stand for?
The Army Maintenance Management System
What type of manual is used to perform operator level PMCS?
The operator’s manual (10 series)
Before a vehicle can be dispatched, what safety equipment must be present?
Fire extinguishers (up to date inspection tags), complete first aid kit and highway warning kit
What is a class 1 leak?
Seepage of fluid not great enough to form drops
What is a class 2 leak?
Seepage of fluid great enough to form drops, but not great enough to cause the drops to fall during inspection
What is a class 3 leak?
Seepage of fluid great enough to form drops and drip during inspection
What does PLL mean?
Prescribed Load List
How many days does a basic PLL sustain a unit?
What does the Acronym MAIT stand for?
Maintenance Assistance and Instruction Team
What are the 4 types of waste?
What is the water requirement per person, per day in a temperate zone?
A latrine can be no closer than what distance to a water source?
What is Potable water?
Water that is safe to drink
How many gallons of water will a Lister bag hold?
What is a communicable disease?
A disease that ca be transmitted person to person, animal to person and insect to person
What are the 5 "F"s of Field Sanitation?
What is the best protection against disease or biological warfare?
Immunization and personal hygiene
What is Field Sanitation?
- The use of measures to create and maintain healthful environmental
- conditions, these include safeguarding food, safeguarding water, and
- controlling disease bearing insects and rodents.
What is a vector?
Any living organism that can carry a disease-producing virus
What is palatable water?
Water that is pleasing to the taste, but which may be unsafe
What are the 5 communicable disease grouped by the Army?
- Insect borne
What are some diseases carried by the fly?
What 3 rules apply to water discipline in the field?
- Drink only from approved sources
- Conserve water
- Do not contaminate your sources
What are the three most common poison plants?
- Poison ivy
- Poison oak
- Poison sumac
What are some of the diseases carried by the mosquito?
- Yellow Fever
What are two ways to purify water?
Who gives the final approval on whether water is safe to drink?
- I am an American Soldier.
- I am a Warrior and a member of a team.
- I serve the people of the United States, and live the Army Values.
- I will always place the mission first
- .I will never accept defeat.
- I will never quit.I will never leave a fallen comrade.
- I am disciplined, physically and mentally tough, trained and proficient in my warrior tasks and drills.
- I always maintain my arms, my equipment and myself.
- I am an expert and I am a professional.
- I stand ready to deploy, engage, and destroy, the enemies of the United States of America in close combat.
- I am a guardian of freedom and the American way of life.
- I am an American Soldier.
What is Self Aid?
Emergency treatment one applies to oneself
Name some items that you might use as a splint from your military equipment
- Entrenching tool
- Tent poles and stakes
- Web belt
What is the quickest way to splint a broken leg?
Tie the broken leg securely to the unbroken leg
How many pressure points, which can be used to control bleeding with fingers, thumbs or hands are there on the human body?
What is the object of first aid?
- To stop bleeding
- Overcome shock
- Relieve pain
- Prevent infection
What is First Aid?
It is the first care given to casualties before treatment by medical personnel can be made available
What is the unique feature of type "O" blood?
It is a universal donor
When would you not remove a casualties clothing to expose a wound?
If in a chemical environment or if the clothing is stuck to the wound
What soldiers are most likely to suffer heat injuries?
- Soldiers not accustomed to the heat, overweight soldiers, prior heat
- casualties, and soldiers already dehydrated due to alcohol use,
- diarrhea, or lack of water (insufficient use of)
How high should an injured limb be elevated above the heart to control bleeding?
2 to 4 inches
What are the lifesaving steps? (The ABC's of medical treatment)
- Open the airway and restore breathing
- Stop the bleeding / Protect the wound
- Prevent shock
When applying splint, where should the bandages be tied?
The bandages should be tied with knots against the splint
Whose first aid dressing should be used on a casualty?
Use the casualty’s field dressing.
How should the ends of an improved pressure dressing be tied?
- Tie the ends together in a nonslip knot, directly over the wound site.
- DO NOT tie so tightly that it has a tourniquet-like effect.
What is manual pressure?
- If bleeding continues after applying the sterile field dressing, direct
- manual pressure may be used to help control bleeding. Apply such
- pressure by placing a hand on the dressing and exerting firm pressure
- for 5 to 10 minutes. The casualty may be asked to do this himself if he
- is conscious and can follow instructions.
Should a casualty be given water to drink?
He should not eat or drink
Why should you dress and bandage the wound as soon as possible?
To protect the wound from further contamination of germs, and also to control the bleeding
What should you do to indicate that a casualty has received a tourniquet?
Mark his or her forehead with a T and if possible, note the time of the application of the tournique
Should you ever remove or loosen a tourniquet?
No, only qualified medical personnel can do that
Where is a tourniquet applied?
- Place the tourniquet around the limb, between the wound and the body
- trunk (or between the wound and the heart). Never place it directly over
- a wound, a fracture, or joint. Tourniquets, for maximum effectiveness,
- should be placed on the upper arm or above the knee on the thigh.
How can you prevent athlete's foot?
Keep your feet clean, use foot powder and change socks daily
Name 3 categories of heat injuries
- Heat cramps
- Heat exhaustion
- Heat stroke
What are the signs and symptoms of heat cramps?
- Cramping in the extremities (arms and legs)
- Abdominal Cramps (stomach)
- Excessive Sweating
What is the treatment for heat cramps?
- Move the casualty to a cool, shady area or improvise shade if none is available.Loosen his clothing (if not in a chemical environment)In a chemical environment, transport the heat casualty to a non-contaminated area as soon as the mission permits.Have
- him slowly drink at least one canteen full of water. (The body absorbs
- cool water faster than warm or cold water; therefore, cool water is
- preferred if it is available.)Seek medical assistance should cramps continue.
What are the signs and symptoms of heat exhaustion?
- Excessive sweating with pale, moist, cool skin
- Loss of appetite
- Nausea (with or without vomiting)
- Urge to defecate
- Chills (Gooseflesh)
- Rapid Breathing
- Tingling of Hands/Feet
What would the treatment be for heat exhaustion?
Move the casualty to a cool, shady area or improvise shade if none is available.Loosen or remove his clothing and boots (unless in a chemical environment); pour water on him and fan him.Have him slowly drink at least one canteen of water.Elevate his legs.If possible, the casualty should not participate in strenuous activity for the remainder of the day.Monitor the casualty until the symptoms are gone, or medical assistance arrives.
What are the signs and symptoms of heat stroke?
- Skin is red, hot and dry
- Stomach pains or cramps
- Respiration and pulse may be rapid and weak.
- Unconsciousness and collapse may occur suddenly.
What would the treatment be for heat stroke?
Moving him to a cool, shady area or improvising shade if none is available.Loosening or removing his clothing (except in a chemical environment).Spraying or pouring water on him; fanning him to permit the coolant effect of evaporation.Massaging his extremities and skin, which increases the blood flow to those body areas, thus aiding the cooling process.Elevating his legs.Having him slowly drink at least one canteen full of water if he is conscious.Seek medical assistance immediately
If a casualty were
suspected of having a neck/spinal injury or severe head trauma, which
method would you use for opening an airway?
The jaw thrust technique, because in most cases it can be done without extending the neck
What are two basic types of fractures?
- Open (compound)
- Closed (simple)
What are some signs of an open fracture?
- Bones sticking through the skin.
- Check for pulse.
What are some signs of a closed fracture?
- Unusual body position.
- Check for pulse.
With an open fracture, what should you do first?
Stop the bleeding
What is the basic proven principle in splinting fractures?
"Splint them where they lie"
How tight should tourniquet be?
Tightened until the bright red bleeding has stopped.
What are the three types of bleeding?
- Arterial- Blood is bright red and will spurt with each heart beat
- Venous- Blood is dark red and flows in a steady stream
- Capillary- Blood oozes from the wound
What are some signs/symptoms of shock?
- skin (cool, pale and damp)Restlessness
- and nervousnessThirstLoss
- of bloodConfusionFast
- or vomitingBlotched
- or bluish skin (especially around the mouth and lips)Often
- perspires freelyMay
- pass out.
What is a heat injury?
A loss of water and salt, loss of sweat while personnel work in the heat, a general dehydration of the body
What is the greatest preventive measure for disease?
How do you stop bleeding?
- Apply a field dressing
- Manual pressure
- Elevate the limb
- Apply a pressure dressing
- Digital Pressure
- Apply a tourniquet
What is CPR?
Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, it is used to restore a heart beat
When can measures taken to restore breathing in an individual be discontinued?
- a doctor tells you to stopWhen
- others relieve youWhen
- you cannot physically continueWhen
- the casualty starts to breath on his own
Name two types of rescue breathing
Mouth to mouthMouth to nose
What do the letters AIDS stand for?
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
When should a casualty not be placed in the shock position?
- Head injury
- Abdominal wound
- Fractured (unsplinted) leg
How long is direct manual pressure applied to control bleeding?
5 to 10 minutes
What should you do prior to leaving an unconscious casualty?
Turn their head to the side to prevent them from choking on their own vomit
When should a tourniquet be used to stop bleeding?
As a last resort when everything else has failed or when an arm or leg has been severed off
What does COLD stand for?
- It is a key word in cold weather protection, it stands for Keep it
- CLEAN, Avoid OVERHEATING, Wear it LOOSE and in layers and Keep it DRY
What are the 8 steps in evaluating a casualty?
- Possible concussions (head injuries)
What is the first indication of frostbite?
Skin becomes numb and white particles/patches form on it
When should an airtight dressing be applied to a sucking chest wound?
As the individual breathes out
How should you position a casualty with an open abdominal wound?
On his back with his knees up to relieve abdominal pressure
What do you do with exposed abdominal organs?
Wrap them in dry clean material and place on top of the abdomen (never try to put them back in)
In reference to carrying a casualty, what are the two-man methods?
Two-Man Support CarryTwo-Man Arms CarryTwo-Man Fore-and Aft-CarryFour-Hand Seat CarryTwo-Hand Seat Carry
n reference to carrying a casualty, what are the one-man methods?
- Fireman's carry
- Supporting carry
- Arms Carry
- Saddleback carry
- Pack-strap carry
- Pistol belt carry
- Pistol belt drag
- Neck drag
- LBE Carry
- Using Bearers LBELBE
- Carry UsingCasualty’s LBE
- Cradle Drop Drag
Should you put any medication or cream on a burn?
Name the four types of burns
What are the three categories used in medical evacuation?
- Urgent- within 2 hours
- Priority- within 4 hours
- Routine- within 24 hours
What are the 2 prescribed methods for opening an airway?
- The jaw thrust
- Head tilt/chin lift methods
What are the 9 mild symptoms of nerve agent poisoning?
- Unexplained runny nose
- Unexplained headache
- Sudden drooling
- Difficulty seeing (dimness of vision and miosis)
- Tightness in the chest or difficulty in breathing
- Localized sweating and muscular twitching in the area of contaminated skin
- Stomach cramps
- followed by bradycardia (Tachycardia is an abnormally rapid heartbeat
- wth a heart rate of over 100 beats per minute. Bradycardia is a slow
- heart rate of less than 60 beats per minute)
What are the 11 severe symptoms of nerve agent poisoning?
- Strange or confused behavior.
- Wheezing, dyspnea (difficulty in breathing), and coughing.
- Severely pinpointed pupils.
- Red eyes with tearing.
- Severe muscular twitching and general weakness.
- Involuntary urination and defecation.
- Respiratory failure.