War at sea midterm

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zzto
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156831
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War at sea midterm
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2012-06-05 15:15:05
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War at sea midterm
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  1. Go get em
  2. Oliver Hazard Perry
    American commodore who led the American forces to victory in the Battle of Lake Erie in 1813
  3. Tsunami
    an unusually large sea wave produced by a seaquake or undersea volcanic eruption. Good enough?
  4. Maritime Day
    a United States holiday created to recognize the maritime industry. It is observed on May 22, the date that the American steamship Savannah set sail from Savannah, Georgia on the first ever transoceanic voyage under steam powe
  5. Gen. William Hull
    • general in the War of 1812, for which he is best remembered for surrendering Fort Detroit to the British.
    • Hull was sentenced to be shot, though he received a reprieve from President James Madison.
  6. Frigate
    A warship, usually of 4,000 to 9,000 displacement tons, that is smaller than a destroyer and used primarily for escort duty
  7. USS Constitution
    nicknamed "Old Ironsides" due to its lack of damage in the battle of
  8. HMS Leopard
    British ship that heavily damaged the USS Chesapeake in the famous "Chesapeake-Leopard affair"
  9. impressment
    method used by British to force men into their naval service often utilizing press gangs
  10. Battle of Tippecanoe
    fought on November 7, 1811, between United States forces led by Governor William Henry Harrison of the Indiana Territory and Native American warriors associated with the Shawnee leader Tecumseh. Tecumseh
  11. Tecumseh
    Native American leader of the Shawnee and a large tribal confederacy (known as Tecumseh's Confederacy) which opposed the United States during Tecumseh's War and the War of 1812.
  12. Battle of Plattsburgh

  13. Treaty of Ghent
  14. Andrew Jackson
    the seventh President of the United States
  15. Ft. Mackinac
    a former American military outpost originally owned by the British. Was recaptured by the British in the War of 1812. Americans attempted to recapture it in the Battle of Mackinac Island.
  16. US Maritime Administration
    an agency of the United States Department of Transportation that maintains the National Defense Reserve Fleet (NDRF
  17. Papahanaumokuakea Marine National Monument
    U.S. National Monument that includes ten islands and atolls of the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. Chosen by George W. Bush in 2006
  18. National Marine Sanctuaries Act
    a federally designated area within United States waters that protects areas of the marine environment with special conservation, recreational, ecological, historical, cultural, archeological, scientific, educational, or aesthetic qualities. The National Marine Sanctuary System consists of 14 marine protected areas
  19. USS Monitor
    the first ironclad warship commissioned by the United States Navy during the American Civil War.
  20. CSS Virginia
    the first steam-powered ironclad warship of the Confederate States Navy, built during the first year of the American Civil War;
  21. Antiquities Act
    signed into law by Theodore Roosevelt. Giving the President of the United States authority to, by executive order, restrict the use of particular public land owned by the federal government.
  22. Pacific gyre
    • It is the site of an unusually intense collection of man-made marine debris, known as the Great Pacific Garbage Patch.
    • one of the five major oceanic gyres.
  23. Stellwagen Bank NMS
    an underwater sanctuary located north of Cape Cod, Massachusetts containing the Stellwagen Bank
  24. Sperm whale
    a toothed whale (odontocete) having the largest brain of any animal.
  25. Right whale
    A whale that has a V shaped blow spout and no dorsal fin
  26. Humpback whale
    stocky body with an obvious hump and black dorsal coloring. The head and lower jaw are covered with hair follicles
  27. Napoleon Bonaparte
    led France in Napoleonic Wars. Emperor of the French from 1804 to 1815.
  28. King George III
    King of Great Britain during the American revolution
  29. Militia
    a body of citizens enrolled for military service, and called out periodically for drill but serving full time only in emergencies. distinguished from professional soldiers.
  30. Battle of Bladensburg
    took place during the War of 1812. The battle was in an attempt to defend Washington D.C. from a British attack The defeat of the American forces there allowed the British to capture and burn the public buildings of Washington, D.C.
  31. Commodore Joshua Barney
  32. Battle of Lake Erie
    The Battle of Lake Erie, sometimes called the Battle of Put-in-Bay, was fought on 10 September 1813, in Lake Erie off the coast of Ohio during the War of 1812. Nine vessels of the United States Navy defeated and captured six vessels of Great Britain's Royal Navy.
  33. Adm. Alexander Cochrane
    During the Battle of Baltimore, he was responsible for the bombardment of Fort McHenry in Baltimore, Maryland. Died in Paris on January 26, 1832. Known for his hatred of Americans
  34. Fort McHenry
    successfully defended Baltimore Harbor from an attack by the British navy in Chesapeake Bay. It was during the bombardment of the fort that Francis Scott Key was inspired to write "The Star-Spangled Banner,"
  35. USS Scorpion
    a 48-foot sloop-rigged floating battery built in 1812 for defense against the British forces. Equipped for rowing \it was ideal for service in the shallow riverways of the northeast coast. In March of 1813 it was attached to the Potomac Flotilla protecting Washington, D.C., where it served until it was reassigned as flagship of the Chesapeake Bay Flotilla in February 1814.
  36. Battle of St Leonard’s Creek
  37. Jean Lafitte
  38. Hot shot
    heated round shot used for muzzle-loaded cannons, for the purpose of setting fire to enemy warships, buildings, or equipment.
  39. Gen Sir Edward Pakenham
  40. Lt Charles Wilkes
    an American naval officer and explorer. He led the United States Exploring Expedition (US Ex. Ex.) , 1838-1842 and commanded the ship in the Trent Affair during the American Civil War (1861–1865).
  41. Sloop
    a sail boat with a fore-and-aft rig and a single mast farther forward than the mast of a cutter.
  42. Brig
    a sailing vessel with two square-rigged masts. not good
  43. Schooner
    a type of sailing vessel characterized by the use of fore-and-aft sails on two or more masts with the forward mast being no taller than the rear masts (some sources list that the front mast is shorter, ask?)
  44. Ship
    A vessel that has three masts that are square sailed.
  45. Court martial
    A court-martial is a military court. A court-martial is empowered to determine the guilt of members of the armed forces subject to military law, and, if the defendant is found guilty, to decide upon punishment.
  46. Cape of Good Hope
    A rocky headland on the southwest coast of South Africa south of Cape Town. It was first circumnavigated in 1488 by Bartolomeu Dias, who named it Cape of Storms.
  47. Cape Horn
    a rocky headland belonging to Chile at the southernmost tip of South America (south of Tierra del Fuego).
  48. Hampton Roads
    the name for both a body of water and the Norfolk–Virginia Beach metropolitan area which surrounds it in southeastern Virginia, United States. Hampton Roads is notable for its year-round ice-free harbor, for United States Navy, Coast Guard, Air Force, NASA, Marine Corps, and Army facilities, shipyards, coal piers, and hundreds of miles of waterfront property and beaches, all of which contribute to the diversity and stability of the region's economy.
  49. Gulf Stream
    The Gulf Stream, together with its northern extension towards Europe, the North Atlantic Drift, is a powerful, warm, and swift Atlantic ocean current that originates at the tip of Florida, and follows the eastern coastlines of the United States and Newfoundland before crossing the Atlantic Ocean. Northward accelerating current off the east coast of North America
  50. Alfred Thayer Mahan
    a United States Navy flag officer, geostrategist, and historian, who has been called "the most important American strategist of the nineteenth century."[1] His concept of "sea power" was based on the idea that countries with greater naval power will have greater worldwide impact; published his college lectures as The Influence of Sea Power upon History, 1660–1783.
  51. CSS Alabama
    a screw sloop-of-war built for the Confederate States Navy at Birkenhead, United Kingdom, in 1862 by John Laird Sons and Company.[3] Alabama served as a commerce raider, attacking Union merchant and naval ships over the course of her two-year career, during which she never anchored in a Southern port. She was sunk in battle by the USS Kearsarge in 1864 near the Port of Cherbourg, France.
  52. CSS Shenandoah
    captained by Confederate States. the ship undertook commerce raiding , mostly New Bedford whaleships. This ship is notable for firing the last shot of the American Civil War, at a whaler in waters off the Aleutian Islands. Never touched a confederate port. Surrendered in Britain as opposed to US
  53. USS Kearsarge
    American sloop-of-war,best known for her defeat of the Confederate commerce raider CSS Alabama during the American Civil War. The Kearsarge was the only ship of the United States Navy named for Mount Kearsarge in New Hampshire. Subsequent ships were later named Kearsarge in honor of the ship
  54. Capt. Franklin Buchanan
    an officer in the United States Navy who became an admiral in the Confederate Navy during the American Civil War, and commanded the ironclad CSS Virginia.
  55. Lt John Worden
    a U.S. rear admiral who served in the American Civil War. He commanded Monitor against the Confederate vessel Virginia (originally named Merrimack) in first battle of ironclad ships in 1862.
  56. John Ericsson
    a Swedish-American inventor and mechanical engineer. He is remembered best for designing the steam locomotive Novelty (in partnership with engineer John Braithwaite) and the ironclad USS Monitor.
  57. Dahlgren guns
    Dahlgren gun any of various weapons developed by John A.B. Dahlgren of the U.S. Navy and used from the mid 19th century onwards, particularly in the Civil War.
  58. Fort Monroe
    a military installation in Hampton, Virginia—at Old Point Comfort, the southern tip of the Virginia Peninsula.
  59. Gosport
    Navial yard where the CSS Virginia
  60. Portsmouth, VA
    City in Virginia. The Gosport Shipyard at Portsmouth During the American Civil War, in 1861, the shipyard commander ordered the burning of the shipyard.
  61. Elizabeth River
    a short river in southeastern Virginia flowing between Norfolk and Portsmouth into Hampton Roads. named by the Jamestown colonists in the early 17th century for Princess Elizabeth Stuart,
  62. Cape Henry
    a cape on the Atlantic shore of Virginia north of Virginia Beach. It is the southern boundary of the entrance to Chesapeake Bay.Across the mouth of the bay to the north is Cape Charles. Named for sons of King James I of England in 1607, together Cape Henry and Cape Charles form the Virginia Capes.
  63. RADM David Dixon Porter
    helped improve the Navy as the Superintendent of the US Naval Academy after significant service in the American Civil War.
  64. Fort Fisher
    A Confederate fort at the mouth of the Cape Fear River in North Carolina that was the subject of a Union attack toward the end of the Civil War in January 1865. The Union victory enabled an advance upriver and the capture of Wilmington, and the Confederacy lost its last open seaport.
  65. Lt James Waddell
    awarded the Navy Cross to James W. Walden, Lieutenant, Junior Grade, U.S. Navy (Reserve), for extraordinary heroism in operations against the enemy while serving as Pilot of a carrier- based Navy Plane, in action on 19 March 1945, while deployed over Kure, Japan.
  66. Armed sloop Florida
    later was an armed brig-sloop and at one point was the only armed British vessel patrolling the lakes and Mississippi Sound. She had taken several American rebel smugglers as prizes under Lieutenant John Payne, RN.
  67. Raphael Semmes
  68. Nantucket
    An island off the coast of Massachusetts, east of Martha's Vineyard. Famous for its whaling. The Moby-Dick characters Ahab and Starbuck are both from Nantucket.
  69. James Barron
    Barron commanded the frigate USS Chesapeake as a commodore. On June 22, 1807, his ship was involved in the Chesapeake–Leopard Affair,
  70. Battle of the Atlantic
    The Battle of the Atlantic was the longest continuous military campaign in World War II, running from 1939 to the defeat of Germany in 1945.
  71. Marcus Rediker
    Marcus Rediker is an American professor, historian, writer, and activist for a variety of peace and social justice causes. He graduated with a B.A. from Virginia Commonwealth University in 1976 and attended the University of Pennsylvania for graduate study, earning an M.A. and Ph.D. in history. He taught at Georgetown University from 1982 to 1994, lived in Moscow for a year (1984-5), and is currently Distinguished Professor of Atlantic History and chair of the Department of History at the University of Pittsburgh.[1] Rediker has written several books on Atlantic social, labor, and maritime history
  72. Battle of Manila Bay
    The Battle of Manila Bay took place on 1 May 1898, during the Spanish-American War. The American Asiatic Squadron under Commodore George Dewey engaged and destroyed the Spanish Pacific Squadron under Admiral Patricio Montojo y Pasarón. The engagement took place in Manila Bay in the Philippines, and was the first major engagement of the Spanish-American War.
  73. Stephen Decatur
    the youngest man to reach the rank of captain in the history of the United States Navy.
  74. Aaron Burr
    the third Vice President of the United States under President Thomas Jefferson.
  75. Richard Henry Dana
    Two Years Before the Mast
  76. Clermont
    birthplace of Robert E. Lee's nephew, Fitzhugh Lee
  77. USS Alligator
    look for the sub
  78. James Madison
    the fourth President of the United States
  79. USS Cole
    the target of attack carried out by Al-Qaeda in the Yemeni port of Aden; an Arleigh Burke-class Aegis-equipped guided missile destroyer homeported in NS Norfolk, Virginia.
  80. Herman Melville
    best known for his novel Moby-Dick.
  81. Horatio Nelson
    Horatio Nelson lead the British forces to Victory at the Battle of Trafalgar
  82. Olympia
    United States Flagship at the battle of Manila Bay
  83. Matthew Fontaine Maury
    Physical Geography of the Sea (1855), the first extensive and comprehensive book on oceanography to be published.
  84. CSS Hunley
    the first combat submarine to sink an enemy warship, although the Hunley was lost at some point following her successful attack.
  85. Two Brothers
    ask
  86. Otway Burns
    was an American privateer (On the Snap Dragon) during the War of 1812 and later a North Carolina State Senator. While he became famous as a privatear, the profession caused his first wife to leave him, taking his only son, Owen.
  87. Side-scan sonar
    a sonar that scans the ocean floor to the side of a ship's track and is used especially for mapping the ocean bottom.

    An acoustic emitter sending out sound waves in a fan-shaped beam is towed behind a vessel. The sound waves reflected from the sea-bed are detected by a transducer on the vessel and recorded on a rotating drum. The time taken by the sound to reach the transducer depends on the distance travelled and thus a three-dimensional plot of the sea-bed surface can be produced.
  88. Magnetometer
    An instrument for measuring the magnitude and direction of a magnetic field.There are many different types of magnetometers
  89. EEZ
    an exclusive economic zone (EEZ) is a seazone over which a state has special rights over the exploration and use of marine resources, including production of energy from water and wind
  90. Bureau of Ocean Energy Management
    the federal agency that manages the nation's natural gas, oil and other mineral resources on the outer continental shelf (OCS).
  91. NOAA
    The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. maps the oceans and conserves their living resources; predicts changes to the earth's environment; provides weather reports and forecasts floods and hurricanes and other natural disasters related to weather
  92. Coriolis effect
    the apparent deflection of a body in motion with respect to the earth caused by the rotation of the earth
  93. Robert Ballard
    the wrecks of the RMS Titanic in 1985, the battleship Bismarck in 1989, and the aircraft carrier USS Yorktown in 1998.
  94. Jacques Cousteau
  95. Naval History and Heritage Command
    located at the historic Washington Navy Yard, is an Echelon II command responsible for the preservation, analysis, and dissemination of U.S. naval history and heritage.
  96. Malcolm McLean
    developed the metal shipping container, which replaced the traditional break bulk method of handling dry goods and revolutionized the transport of goods and cargo worldwide.
  97. USCG Eagle
    one of only two active commissioned sailing vessels in American military service. Originally a German vessel
  98. SS Savannah
    the first steamship in the world to cross the Atlantic Ocean,
  99. Intermodal transportation
    Transportation movement involving more than one mode, e.g. rail-motor, motor-air, or rail-water.
  100. Godspeed
    one of the ships carrying settlers involved in the founding of James Town. Lead by Bartholomew Gosnold
  101. HMS Bounty
    British merchant ship on which a mutiny occured. As a result of the mutiny, the ship's captain (Lieutenant Bligh ) and some crew members made an epic 2 year journy in a small boat that has been retold in many different formats
  102. Kalmar Nyckel
    a Dutch-built armed merchant ship famed for carrying Finnish and Swedish settlers to North America in 1638 to establish the colony of New Sweden.
  103. Lynx
  104. Picton Castle
  105. Sultana
    a Mississippi River steamboat paddlewheeler that exploded on April 27, 1865 in the greatest maritime disaster in United States history. sank near Memphis, Tennessee.[1] This disaster was overshadowed in the press by other recent events. John Wilkes Booth, President Lincoln's assassin, was killed the day before.
  106. Thor Heyerdahl
    Norwegian explorer, author of a book titled (in English) "Hunt for Paradise". He is famous for sailing across the pacific ocean in a self built raft.
  107. Pride of Baltimore II
    a top sail scooner owned by Pride of Baltimore, Inc. Was owned by the citizens of the state of Maryland until 2010.
  108. SCUBA
  109. Outer Continental Shelf
    The OCS is the part of the internationally recognized continental shelf of the United States which does not fall under the jurisdictions of the individual U.S. states.
  110. Oceanography
    also called oceanology or marine science, is the branch of Earth science that studies the ocean
  111. Abandoned Shipwreck Act
    United States piece of legislation passed into law in 1988 meant to protect historic shipwrecks from treasure hunters and salvagers by transferring the title of the wreck to the state whose waters it lies in.
  112. US Merchant Marine Academy
    one of the five United States Service academies. It is charged with training officers for the United States Merchant Marine, branches of the military, or the transportation industry.
  113. Baleen
    Baleen or so called whalebone is a filter-feeder system inside the mouths of baleen whales.
  114. Mystic Seaport
    Mystic Seaport, the Museum of America and the Sea, in Mystic, Connecticut. Was established in 1929 as the "Marine Historical Association".

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