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What is the Tail of Spence?
Superior lateral corner of breast tissue, projects up and laterally into the axilla
Internal Anatomy of Breast (3 types of tissue)
- Glandular (lobes, lobules, alveoli, lactiferous ducts)
- Fibrous (suspensory ligaments)
- Adipose (makes up most of breast)
Axillary Lymph Nodes of the Breast
- central axillary
- pectoral/anterior axillary
Patterns of Lymphatic Drainage
- From central axillary nodes, drainage flows up to the infraclavicular and supraclavicular nodes.
- Small amount flows directly up to the infraclavicular group, deep into the chest or into the abdomen or directly across the opposite breast
adolescent female development
takes an average of 3 years for breast bud to develop into mature breast. breast developent precedes menarche
Considerations during Pregnancy
- Breasts expand secondary to ductal system, fatty tissue, secretory alveoli
- Colostrum after 4th month (thick yellow fluid, precursor to milk, high in protein and lactose)
What is Paget's Disease?
type of cancer that manifests by: small crust on nipple then spreads, eczema, dermatitis
Best time to do a BSE?
day 3-5 of cycle (least amount of hormones)