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What is the PEACE model of interviewing?
- Plan and preperation
- Engage and explain
What is the scientific method of investigation?
- State the problem, - What crime has been commited
- Form hypothesis - Educated guess towards what has happened..
- Collected data - Physical, Original and documental evidence
- Interpret data - Test against hypthosis, alter hypothesis as neccessary
- Collect additional data - If supports hypothesis, collect further supporting data
- Draw a conclusion - Create a theory
What is the core objective of police work?
To prevent and detect crime
What is a brief of evidence?
A compilation of physical, original and documentary evidence used in court
What is inculpatory and exculpatory evidence?
Inculpatory tends to support the prosecutions case where as exculpatory tend to disprove "negate" a conclusion you have reached
Define critical thinking
Critical thinking is examining all available information without bias, determining meanings and identifying links, reliability, what further information is needed and conclusions
What are the priorities of inital officers at a crime scene
- Assess hazards to self and others
- Check for signs of life
- Render first aid
- Determine nature and size of crime scene
- Determine an entry point for the crime scene you believe was not used by any suspect
- Remove all people from crime scene through that entry point recording particulars
What is a primary/secondary crime scene?
- Primary scene - Area within the immediate vicinity of the occurence where there is evidence to be collected
- Secondary scene - May not be in the immidiant vacinity of the occurance but may still afford evidence linking the offenders with the offence.
Explain S88 LEPRA
Provides power to establish a crime scene on premises, provided they are there lawfully and whilst there to exercise crime scene powers and to stay on premises for those purposes
Explain S90 LEPRA
- When a crime scene can be established -
- An offence committed in connection with a traffic accident that has resulted in a death or significant injury is being or was or may have been committed on the premises
- A S.I.O is being or was or may have been committed on the premises
- There may be in or on the premises evidence of the commission of a serious indictable offence that may have been committed elsewhere
Explain S90 (2) LEPRA
A crime scene may be established for an act committed outside of NSW if the act would constitute a serious indictable offence in NSW
Explain S91 LEPRA
- How a crime scene may be established
- Any way that is reasonably appropraite
- As soon as reasonably appropriate, give public notice
- Cannot establish a crime scene more then once in 24h period without a warrant
Explain S92 LEPRA
What police are able to do at a crime scene
Explain S95 LEPRA
- Functions a police officer is pemitted to exercise on a a crime scene -
- Power to seize and detain anything on a crime scene
How to deal with witnessess on crime scene
- Record (Names, addressess, occupations, contact numbers, agre, DOB, D/L number etc)
- Seperated (Avoid contamination of recollection)
- Detain (Where possible and with consent)
How to deal with suspects on a crime scene
- Secured (Whether arrested or not, must be removed from crime scene)
What are the three types of memory?
- Sensory memory - A memory is stimulated from senses, (See something, smell something etc, may remind you of a memory)
- Short term - a memory that is temporary and only stored in the brain short term
- Long term - Storage of information for a long period of time
What are contemproaneous notes?
Notes taken at the time or close to the time of incident, in chronological order
Outline key elements of the charter of victims rights
- Courtesy, compassion and respect
- Protection from contact with accused
- Access to services
- Information about investigation of the crime
- Return property to victim
- Protection of identity
3 core skills of interviewing
- Ask open ended questions
- Comprehensive note taking
- Active listening
What are the 5 stages of a free recall interview?
- Free Recall (ask an open question, listen first time, on second time ask them to slow down and take notes)
- Probing questions (Developed timeline, broken down the free recall into sections, asking questions relevent to each question)
- Descriptions (Age gender, race, hieght, build - head to toe, descriptions of objects)
- ADVOKATE - (See below)
- Amount of time under observation?>
- Distance from when observing
- Obstructions to line of sight?
- Known or seen before?
- Any reason to notice?
- Time since observations?
- Error or discrepancies?