Chapter 22 Terms

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medic12
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157018
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Chapter 22 Terms
Updated:
2012-06-03 14:56:47
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Lancaster General Paramedic Program 2012
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Musculoskeletal Trauma
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  1. Fatigue.
    Condition in which a muscle's ability to respond to stimulation is lost or reduced through overactivity.
  2. Cramping.
    Muscle pain resulting from over activity, lack of oxygen and accumulation of waste products.
  3. Spasm.
    Intermittent or continuous contraction of a muscle.
  4. Strain.
    Injury resulting from overstretching of muscle fibers.
  5. Sprain.
    Tearing of a joint capsule's connective tissues.
  6. Subluxation.
    Partial displacement of a bone end from its position in a joint capsule.
  7. Dislocation
    Complete displacement of a bone end from its position in a joint capsule.
  8. Closed Fracture.
    A broken bone in which the bone ends or the forces that caused the fracture do not penetrate the surrounding skin.

  9. Open Fracture.
    A broken bone in which the bone ends or the forces that caused the fracture penetrate the surrounding skin.

  10. Hairline Fracture.
    Small crack in a bone that does not disrupt its total structure.
  11. Impact Fracture.
    Breack in a bone in which the bone is compressed on itself.

  12. Transverse Fracture.
    A break that runs across a bone perpendicular to the bone's orientation.

  13. Oblique Fracture.
    Break in a bone running across it at an angle other than 90 degrees.

  14. Comminuted Fracture.
    Fracture in which a bone is broken into several pieces.

  15. Spiral Fracture.
    A curving break in a bone as may be caused by rotational forces.

  16. Fatigue Fracture.
    Break in a bone associated with prolonged or repeated stress.
  17. Greenstick Fracture.
    Partial Fracture of a child's bone.

  18. Epiphyseal Fracture.
    Disruption of the epiphyseal plate of a child's bone.
  19. Osteoporosis.
    Weakening of bone tissue due to loss of essential minerals, especially calcium.
  20. Callus.
    Thickened area that forms at the site of a fracture as part of the repair process
  21. Bursitis.
    Acute or chronic inflammation of the small synovial sacs.
  22. Tendonitis.
    Inflammation of a tendon and/or it's protective sheath.
  23. Arthritis.
    Inflammation of a joint.
  24. Osteoarthritis.
    Inflammation of a joint resulting from wearing of the articular cartilage.
  25. Rheumatoid Arthritis.
    Chronic disease that causes deterioration of peripheral joint connective tissue.
  26. Gout.
    Inflammation of joints and connective tissue due to buildup of uric acid crystals.
  27. Lyme Disease.
    Joint inflammation caused by a tick-intraduced infectious agent (Borrelia Burgdorferi)
  28. Overexertion can cause which of the following muscle injuries?

    A. Muscle Fatigue
    B. Muscle Cramp
    C. Muscle Strain
    D. All of the above
    D. All of the above
  29. Joints can move beyond their normal range of motion with great enough applied force. This movement causes a complete displacement of bone ends from their normal position, is known as a(n) ____________, and is characterized by __________.

    A. Oblique fracture; Pain, Edema, and Possible Bleeding.
    B. Grade III Sprain; Severe Pain and Spasm without joint instability.
    C. Subluxation; Pain, Rapid Edema, and an unlimited range of motion.
    D. Dislocations; Pain, Edema, and Immobility.
    D. Dislocations; Pain, Edema, and Immobility.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. A grade _______ sprain may present as a fracture?

    A. IV
    B. III
    C. II.
    D. I
    B. III
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. A small crack in a bone that does not disrupt its total structure is called a(n) _________ fracture?

    A. Open
    B. Hairline
    C. Closed
    D. Fatigue
    B. Hairline
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. A break in a bone in which the bone is compressed on itself is known as:

    A. Compartment Syndrome
    B. Dislocation
    C. Impacted Fracture
    D. Comminuted Fracture
    C. Impacted Fracture
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. A common disintegration of the articular joints often associated with the aging process describes degerative joint disease. Another disorder characterized by inflammation of the synovial joints and causing immbility, pain, and fatigue, is known as:

    A. Rheumatoid Arthritis
    B. Inflammatory Gout
    C. Costrochondritis
    D. Osteoarthritis.
    A. Rheumatoid Arthritis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. A thickened area that forms at the site of a fracture is called a(n):

    A. Bursa
    B. Callus
    C. Diphysis
    D. Crystal
    B. Callus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. A febur fracture may account for as much as ______ mL of blood loss:

    A. 1,000
    B. 1,500
    C. 2,000
    D. 2,500
    B. 1,500 mL
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. You should stop attempts to realign a limb with a suspected fracture if:

    A. There is no resistance to movement
    B. The patient reports a significant increase in pain
    C. The injury is within 3 inches of the midshaft
    D. All of the above
    B. The patient reports a significant increase in pain
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. Ladder splint, metal sheet splints, and vacuum splints are examples of:

    A. Soft Splints
    B. Formable splints
    C. Rigid Splints
    D. Pneumatic Anti-Shock Garments
    B. Formable splints
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. Your patient has been involved in a motor-vehicle collision. You suspect concurrent femur and pelvic fractures. Treatment of this patient would best be provided by:

    A. Traction device, Long Board, Transport to Trauma Center
    B. Traction Device, PASG, Transport to Trauma Center
    C. PASG, Supportive Oxygen and Fluid Therapies, Trasport to Trauma Center
    D. Long Board, 1 IV, Transport to Emergency Dept.
    C. PASG, Supportive Oxygen and Fluid Therapies, Trasport to Trauma Center
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. The term reduction refers to:

    A. Returning displaced bone ends to normal position
    B. Application of warm packs to an area of swelling.
    C. Straightening an angulated fracture
    D. A stage of the bone repair cycle
    A. Returning displaced bone ends to normal position
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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