History Final Exam
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History Final Exam
Review Sheet Cards
deliberate & systematic killing of an entire population
How did the nazis carry out a genocide during WWII?
the nazis condemned to slavery & death not only to jews but other groups they viewed as inferior or unworthy
In 1939, a non-aggression pact was signed between Germany and ____ giving Hitler the green light to start WWII?
giving up principles to pacify an aggressor
What two European powers appeased Hitler repeatedly prior to the start of WWII?
Britain & France
Who attacked the US on Dec. 7th, 1941 pulling US into WWII?
Axis Powers (WWII)
Germany, Italy & Japan
allowed the US to sell arms & other supplies to other countries before the official US entry into WWII
What German invasion (sept. 1st, 1939) forced Britain & France to finally enter the war?
invasion of Poland
allowed Hitler to take the Sudetenland region of Czechoslovakia
"Night of Broken Glass" - Nazi storm troopers attacked Jewish homes, businesses, & synagogues across Germany.
Which treaty punished Germany harshly for WWI?
Treaty of Versailles
Which battle in Russia was the turning point during WWII?
Battle of Stalingrad
Who made the final decision to use atomic warfare against Japan?
Little Boy was dropped on ____
Fat Man was dropped on ______
What was discussed at the Yalta Conference by Roosevelt, Churchill, & Stalin?
the fate of Germany & the postwar world
Who were WAACs? What did they do?
Women's Auxiliary Army Corps, served in noncombat positions
(nurse, ambulance driver, radio operator, electrician, pilot)
Germany's last major offensive of WWII failed in what 1944-45 Euro. battle?
Battle of the Bulge
D-Day was an Allied invasion of the Northern coast of what nation?
How many Jews were killed during the Holocaust?
Germany surrendered officially (May 8th, 1945)
Who served as Supreme Commander of US troops in Europe during WWII?
What allowed veterans to attend college for free after they returned from war?
the ambitious/secretive development of the atomic bomb
Who was defeated in the Battle of Midway in 1941 after its plans for an attack were intercepted?
What did the HUAC investigate?
communism in the movie industry
preventing expansion of communism rule in other countries
policy of containment
nationalist ruler- E & S China - (US aid)
communist ruler- N China - (SU aid)
Douglas MacArthur commanded US troops during what war?
Who despite having no evidence claimed that communists had infiltrated the US gov. & military during the 1950s?
West European countries, Canada & US's defensive military alliance
SU's military alliance --- linked it with 7 East European countires
Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Romania, Poland
Airplanes dropped food into Germany's capital city when SU blocked all ground access into the city
Who started the Korean War?
In the 1960's, what became the main source of news & entertainment?
Who proposed the successful domestic program, Peace Corps?
Medicare provided for?
hospital & low cost medical insurance for 65+ Americans
What promise did the US make to the SU to bring the Cuban Missile Crisis to an end?
to remove misslies from Turkey
The fall of what city caused South Vietnam to surrender?
communist opposition group in South Vietnam
What US president supported Vietnaminization?
What president escalated the US role in Vietnam after the Gulf of Tonkin incident?
limited a president's role to wage a war
War Powers Act
Who wanted to make sure a federal ban on segregation in all interstate travel facilities were being enforced?
What was the main reason that Japanese-Americans were interned in camps?
sense of fear & uncertainty
What was the primary motive for the US decision to use atomic warfare?
to stop invasion of Japan
Who was defeated in the battle of Midway?
HUAC investigated communism in what industry?
What was the outcome of the Korean War?
signed armistice ending war- communism contained - Korea still has 2 nations
How did TV play a role in the presidential election?
debate helped Kennedy- he looked & spoke better than Nixon
What was the conclusion of the Warren Commission?
Oswald had shot the president while acting on his own
What other promise did the US make to the SU (Cuban Missile Crisis)
to remove missiles from Turkey
What was the US hoping to accomplish in the Vietnam war?
contain communism in Vietnam
What was a popular way to get a draft exemption?
medical exemptions from drs.
leader of Indochinese Communist Party
Ho Chi Minh
Supreme Court ruled "separate but equal" - law didn't violate 14th amendment
Plessy vs Ferguson
violated student's rights by denying admission to an all-white school just 4 blocks from her house
Brown vs Board of Ed
first major organized effort to fight against segregation (boycott)
Montgomery Bus Boycott
What established MLK Jr. as a major Civil Rights leader?
Montgomery Bus Boycott
What Civil Rights org. did King help establish?
SCLC- Southern Christian Leadership Conference
What was the purpose of the Freedom Summer campaign?
to influence Congress to pass a voting rights act
Whose arrest sparked the Montgomery Bus Boycott?
Who represented Linda Brown in (brown vs. board)?
OPEC nations punished US by cutting off supply of what?
Camp David Accords were a peace agreement signed between what two nations?
Israel & Egypt
a defense system that would keep Americans safe from enemy missiles
Strategic Defense Initiative