Science.txt

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amalie505
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157070
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Science.txt
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2012-06-03 16:19:39
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science
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  1. A __________ is an organism that can make its own food
    Autotroph
  2. A___ is a solid that forms from a solution during a chemical reaction
    Precipitate
  3. A__ is the largest part of a solution
    Solvent
  4. A more scientific name for a flowering plant is___
    Angiosperm
  5. In photosynthesis plants make a simple sugar called
    Glucose
  6. Animals developed on earth thanks to a development of the
    Ozone layer
  7. Te up and down motion of a plants stem is controlled by vascular tissue called
    Phloem
  8. A more scientific name for a conifer is
    Gymnosperm
  9. The 18th century Swedish scientist ____ developed our present day system of classifications
    Carolus Lineas
  10. Te scientific name for domesticated cat is
    Felis catus
  11. Monerans evolved on earth about
    3.5 billion years ago
  12. Nomenclature means
    Naming
  13. Hydrogen peroxide becoming water is an example of a
    Decomposition chemical reaction
  14. A _____ is the smallest part of a solution
    Solute
  15. Obtaining metals from rock ore is an example of a ____ reaction
    Replacement
  16. An ---- is an imaginary line that passes through earths center and the north and south poles about which earth rotates
    Axis
  17. The sun makes up --- of our solar systems mass
    99.6%
  18. A ---- is the movement of an object around another object
    Rotation
  19. In 1970 Russian surface probe the ------- lasted just 23 minutes before being burned to toast on the surface of Venus
    Verena 7
  20. The number of modern constellations is
    88
  21. A ---- solution is a solution that has a lot of solute
    Concentrated
  22. __________ is a measure of how well a solute can dissolve Ina solvent at a given temperature
    Solubility
  23. A----------- solution is a solution that has little solute dissolved in it
    Dilute
  24. Crushing a solute increases its dissolving rate because -- has increased
    Surface area
  25. An -__ solution is a solution in which more solute can be dissolved
    Unsaturated
  26. A --- has a definite volume but no definite shape
    Liquid
  27. A ---- has a definite volume and shape
    Solid
  28. ------- is the tendency of a body to float or rise when submerged in a fluid
    Buoyancy
  29. The Latin word for knowledge is
    Scientia
  30. ----- is the change in state from a liquid to a gas
    Evaporation
  31. The Greek physicist and mathematician ----- formulated the concept of density in 3rd century bc
    Archimedes
  32. The male reproductive organ of a flower is called the
    Stamen
  33. ---- is the study of classification and the naming of organisms
    Taxonomy
  34. The food contained in a seed is called
    Cotyledon
  35. The --- is the sticky tip of the female reproductive organ of a flower
    Stigma
  36. --- is the Greek word for to push
    Osmos
  37. An amoeba is an example of Protozoa known as
    Sarcodines
  38. Sir Isaac Newton published his theories on motion on July 5 1687 in his three volume book with the Latin title called
    De Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica
  39. A paramecium is an example of Protozoa known as
    Cilates
  40. In Sir Isaac Newtons day, the term science was known as
    Natural philosophy
  41. ------- is the speed and direction of a moving object
    Velocity
  42. On January 3 in the year --- Galileo Galilee discovered 3 of Jupiter's 4 largest moons
    1610
  43. Large deposits of ---- gives Mars it's distinctive red color
    Copper
  44. The planet Saturn is named for the roman god of
    Agriculture
  45. The planet mars has two moons called --- and --
    Phobos and Deimos
  46. Jupiter's latest satellite is called
    Ganymede
  47. Our sun is the star color
    White
  48. In a vacuum the speed of light is measures at - km/s
    300000
  49. ----- is the process by which hydrogen atoms join together to form helium releasing massive amounts of energy
    Nucleus fusion
  50. A -- is a large amount of gas and dust in space spread out in an immense volume
    Nebula
  51. --- is our nearest star after the sun and is --- lightyears away
    Proxima centauri and 4.2
  52. Our solar system was created about --- years ago
    4.5 billion
  53. Most galaxies are--- in shape
    Elliptical
  54. Another name for astronomy is
    Astrophysics
  55. In 1705 Sir ------ a British astronomer calculated the orbits of 24 comets
    Edmond Haley
  56. For the big crunch theory to occur the universe must be -- in shape
    Spherical
  57. One can reduce the effects of friction through the use of lubrication and -
    Ball bearings
  58. --- was Sir Isaac Newtons assistant who also wrote a famous biography of the great English physicist
    John Conduitt
  59. ---- forces will not cause an objects direction to change
    Balanced
  60. The concept of force is measured in
    Newtons
  61. --- energy is often referred to as the energy of motion
    Kinetic
  62. --- is the latin word for to rub
    Fricare
  63. In 1687 the German physicist ---- independent of newton developed his own from of calculus
    Gottfried Liebniz
  64. Venus has an at atmosphere made of -- that creates a greenhouse effect on the planet
    Sulfuric acid
  65. The next sighting of Haley's comet will be in the year
    2062
  66. The speed of light is measured at -- miles per second
    186000
  67. A star with the color --- is the coldest star
    Red
  68. In the year --- Albert Einstein developed the theory of general relativity
    1916
  69. The Polsh astronomers work with the Latin title---- is often thought as the starting point of modern astronomy
    De revolutionibus orbeum caelium
  70. A yellow star has a surface temperature of --- degrees Celsius
    4500
  71. --- is the first of the planets in our solar system to not be visible to the naked eye
    Uranus
  72. A --- is a tiny star that remains after a supernova explosion
    Neutron star
  73. In 1969 the --- mission lands on the moon
    Apollo 11
  74. A --- is a celestial body orbiting a star that is massive enough to be spherical as a result of its own gravity and is not a satellite
    Dwarf planet
  75. The Greek word for center is
    Kentum
  76. The region between the cell membrane and the nucleus of a cell is the
    Cytoplasm
  77. The different forms of a gene are called
    Alleles
  78. A --- is an organisms physical traits or its visible appearance
    Phenotype
  79. The --- are often referred to as the cells cleanup crew
    Lysosomes
  80. A -- is an organism with one dominant allele and one recessive allele
    Hybrid
  81. The theory of ---- argues that living hinge can develop from nonliving matter
    Spontaneous generation
  82. A ----- completely hides the effect of another gene
    Dominant trait
  83. All the chemical activities that occur in an organism are called an organisms
    Metabolism
  84. The term --- is used as an adjective to describe an organism that has two identical alleles for a trait
    Homozygous
  85. ---- are often referred to as the cells mail room
    Golgi bodies
  86. --- is stress that pushes a mass of rock in two opposite directions. It can cause rock to break or slip apart
    Shearing
  87. The point on the surface directly above the focus is called the
    Epicenter
  88. ---- is a stress that squeezes rock until it folds or breaks
    Compression
  89. --- is a stress that pulls on a rock, stretching it so that the center becomes thinner and thinner
    Tension
  90. A ---- is a break in earths crust where slabs of Rick slip past eachother
    Fault
  91. The metals --- and ---- makeup both parts of the core
    Iron and nickel
  92. The part of the crust that consists mainly of less dense rocks such as granite is called
    Continental crust
  93. The greek word for stone is
    Lithos
  94. The ___ core is made of molten metals
    Outer
  95. The soft layer of the mantle is called the
    Asthenosphere
  96. The last stage of cell division is called
    Cytokinesis
  97. Humans have -- chromosomes
    46
  98. A new daughter cell begins to mature during the stage of cell division known as
    Interphase
  99. The Greek word for movement is
    Kinetos
  100. The part of mitosis during which the nuclear membranes completely dissolves is called
    Metaphase
  101. A --- is an organism with two dominant or two recessive genes
    Purebred
  102. ----- is the transfer of pollen from the stamen of one flower to the pistil of another flower
    Cross- pollination
  103. ---- is the passing of traits from parent to offspring
    Heredity
  104. Gregor Mendel published his work with pea pea plants in the year
    1866
  105. A --- is an organism with one dominant and one recessive gene
    Hybrid
  106. In the 1660s the Italian scientist ---- showed that living things can only develop from other living things
    Francesco Redi
  107. --- compounds are compounds that contain the element carbon
    Organic
  108. --- are the main source of energy for livin things
    Carbohydrates
  109. A more scientific name for fats and oils is
    Lipids
  110. the ---- is the hypothesis first proposed by Alfred Wegener that the continents move slowly across earths surface
    Theory of continental drift
  111. A ---- is a device that has a magnetized needle that can spin freely
    Compass
  112. In 1960 ---- an America geologist and navy admiral guided the midocean ridge in the pacific ocean the longest chain of mountains in the world
    Harry Hess
  113. Alfred Wegener published his geological ideas in 1915 in a book called
    The origins of continents and oceans
  114. A super continent called ------ existed about 300 million years ago
    Pangaea
  115. The nucleic acid that contains the blueprints of life is called
    Deoxyribonucleic acid
  116. The Greek word for cell is
    Kytos
  117. The cell wall is made up of a substance called
    Cellulose
  118. ---- are the building blocks of proteins
    Amino acids
  119. I the year --- Albert Einstein explained how black holes operate
    1916
  120. A --- is the earliest stage of a stars life
    Nebula
  121. A --- is the remaining hot. Ore of a star after its outer layers expand and drift out into space
    White dwarf
  122. The element ---- provides the fuel for our stars
    Hydrogen
  123. Late stars live for --- years
    10 million
  124. A ---- is an old star that has greatly enlarged and is cool compared with a white star
    Red giant
  125. An --- is the path of an object as it revolves around another object in space
    Orbit
  126. A --- is an object with a gravitational field so large that no form of matter even light can escape
    Black hole
  127. When our sun runs out of fuel and starts to die it will end its existence as a
    Black dwarf
  128. A --- is often referred to as a dirty snowball
    Comet
  129. In Albert Einstein's famous equation E= mc2 c stand for
    Speed of light
  130. Most asteroids in our solar system are found between the planets -- and --
    Mars and Jupiter
  131. -- is the amount of light a star gives off
    Brightness
  132. A star with the color --- has the highest temperature
    Blue
  133. The --- galaxy is the closest galaxy to earth
    Andromeda
  134. The theory of the --- argues that the universe will eventually cease to expand and will collapse upon itself
    Big crunch
  135. The Greek word for star is
    Astron
  136. A --- is a meteoroid that enters the earths atmosphere before hitting the surface
    Meteor
  137. Small stars live for
    200 billion years
  138. -- is the Greek word for earliest
    Proto
  139. The surface temperature of our sun is
    5500 degrees Celsius
  140. The Term -- refers to life
    Organic
  141. Inorganic compounds do not contain
    Carbon
  142. ___ are often referred to as the cells protein producing factories
    Ribosomes
  143. A --- is the smallest particle of a compound having all the properties of that compound
    Molecule
  144. --- is the movement if
    Materials through a cell membrane without using energy
    Passive transport
  145. A __ is a chemical substance that starts tops and regulars trade
    Hormone
  146. A --- is a pure substance that cannot be broke. Down I to any simpler substances by ordinary means
    Element
  147. The --- is often referred to as the cells highway system
    Endoplasmic reticulum
  148. A --- is a cell structure that. Contains the nucleic acids
    Nucleus
  149. The first cells developed I earth about --- years ago
    3..5 billion
  150. ------ Is the movement of materials through a cell membrane by using energy
    Active transport
  151. --- are often referred to as the CElls powerhouse
    Mitochondria
  152. Everything the cell needs from food to oxygen enters the cell through the
    Cell membrane
  153. Proteins are made up of carbon hydrogen and oxygen but hey also contain nitrogen and sometimes --- and --
    Sulfur and phosphorus
  154. --- are often referred to as the cells storage area
    Vacuoles
  155. --- is a two step process involving he heating of a solution to change one part of it into a gas or vapor and the. He cooling of the vapor to liquid form and collecting it
    Distillation
  156. ---- is the change in state from a gas to a liquid
    Condensation
  157. The term --- means unable to dissolve or pass into solution
    Insoluble
  158. ---- is a process that is used to create chemical reaction by passing an electric current through a liquid in order to break it into its individual elements
    Electrolysis
  159. The Greek word for I have found it is
    Eureka
  160. --- is the amount of space that matter occupies
    Volume
  161. A --- solution happens when you have added so much solute no more dissolves
    Saturated
  162. --- is the movement of water out of a plant by evaporation from the leaves
    Transpiration
  163. --- is the most abundant gas in our air
    Nitrogen
  164. A biome where tree growth is hindered by low temperatures and short growing seasons is
    Tundra
  165. An ---- is an organism that eats both plants and animals
    Omnivore
  166. The Serengeti in Africa is an example of a biome known as
    Savanna
  167. The Greek word for study is
    Logos
  168. A close relationship between two organisms I which one organism lives near on or even inside thee other organism in which at least one benefits is called a
    Symbiosis
  169. --- is an association between two organisms in which both benefit
    Mutualism
  170. A -- biome includes five main oceans such as the pacific
    Marine
  171. The role of an organism in its community or environment is called Its
    Niche
  172. When the king snake pretends to be its poisonous cousin the coral snake it's is using
    Mimicry
  173. --- are changes In the amount I radiant energy emitted by our sun
    Solar variations
  174. --- factors Are the parts of the environment that are no living and never were living
    Abiotic
  175. Temperature is measured in Fahrenheit Celsius or
    Kelvin
  176. A ---- is an organism that acquires is energy by breaking down dead animal or plant parts
    Decomposer
  177. The Latin word for to eat greatly is
    Vorare
  178. A ---- is the living part of an ecosystem
    Community
  179. The prairie of North America is an example of a biome known as a
    Grassland
  180. An ---- is all the living and nonliving things in an environment and the ways they affect each other
    Ecosystem
  181. A ---- is a group of the same type of organisms living together In the same area
    Population
  182. --- is an association between two organisms in which one benefits and the other is unaffected by the relationship
    Commensalism

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