Humanities Second Semester 10th grade

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mariemantilla95
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157099
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Humanities Second Semester 10th grade
Updated:
2012-06-03 18:31:45
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World War Totalitarianism Fascism Great Depression II Cold
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The Great War, Revolution and Nationalism, Years of Crisis, World War II, Restructuring the Postwar World
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  1. LEAGUE OF NATIONS
    An international association formed after World War I with the goal of keeping peace among nations.
  2. TRIPLE ALLIANCE
    A military alliance between Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy in the years preceding World War I.
  3. TRIPLE ENTENTE
    A military alliance between Great Britain, France, and Russia in the years preceding World War I.
  4. OTTO VON BISMARCK
    German general who made Germany win the Franco-Prussian war and made a treaty with Russians.
  5. BALKANS
    Mountains
  6. NATIONALISM
    A feeling of loyalty towards your nation/to the people who share your culture, history.
  7. IMPERIALISM
    Policy of seeking dominance from a stronger country over a weaker one in terms of territory, culture, economy, and politics.
  8. MILITARISM
    A policy of glorifying military power and keeping a standing army always prepared for war.
  9. ARMS RACE
    The competition between countries to achieve superiority in quantity and quality of military arms.
  10. TREATY OF VERSAILLES
    The peace treaty signed by Germany and the Allied powers after World War I. There Germany is blamed for World War I and it made them them pay for reparations, limit their army size, and lose colonies/territories.
  11. CENTRAL POWERS
    In World War I, The Nations of Germany and Austria-Hungary, along with the other nations that fought on their side.
  12. ALLIES
    In World War I, the nations of Great Britain, France, and Russia, along with the other nations that fought on their side.
  13. WOODROW WILSON
    President of the United States who drawn up a series of peace proposals.
  14. WILHELM II
    The German ruler during World War I who forced Bismarck to resign.
  15. GAVRILO PRINCIP
    The Serbian guy who killed Franz-Ferdinand.
  16. SCHLIEFFEN PLAN
    Germany's military plan at the outbreak of World War I according to which German troops would rapidly defeat France and then move east to attack Russia.
  17. UNRESTRICTED SUBMARINE WARFARE
    Germans said that if they saw any enemy ship near, they would sink them by having submarines.
  18. TOTAL WAR
    A conflict in which the participating countries devote all their resources to the war effort.
  19. RATIONING
    Governmental control of what can be bought and its amount.
  20. PROPAGANDA
    A political idea, where there were war commercials that could easily sell because they had biased information.
  21. ARMISTICE
    An agreement to stop fighting between Germany and France.
  22. SELF-DETERMINATION
    The freedom of people to decide under what form of government they wish to live.
  23. TOTALITARIANISM
    Government that hold TOTAL control over all aspect of public and private life.
  24. GREAT DEPRESSION
    The period of time after World War I, when the countries were going through really bad times because they had lost people and goods in war, which caused unemployment, no money, and unstability.
  25. FRANKLIN DELANO ROOSEVELT
    The first president of the United States after the Great Depression.
  26. FASCISM
    A governmental system led by a dictator having complete power, forcibly suppressing opposition and criticism, regimenting all industry, commerce,etc., and emphasizing an aggressive nationalism and oftenracism.
  27. BENITO MUSSOLINI
    He found the Fascist party and became dictator of Italy to help resucue it.
  28. ADOLF HITLER
    He joined the Nazi group and became chancellor. He became dictator of Germany and made it a totalitarian state.
  29. NAZISM
    The fascist policies of the National Socialist German Workers' Party, based on totalitarianism, a belief in racial superiority, and state control of industry.
  30. AXIS POWERS
    In World War II, the nations of Germany, Italy, and Japan, which had formed and alliance in 1936.
  31. THIRD REICH
    The Third German Empire, established by Adolf Hitler in the 1930's.
  32. MUNICH CONFERENCE
    A 1938 meeting of representatives from Britain, France, Italy, and Germany, at which Britain and France agreed to allow Nazi Germany to annex part of Czechoslovakia in return for Adolf Hitler's pledge to respect Czechoslovakia's new borders.
  33. BLITZKRIEG
    "Lightning War"-A form of warfare in which surprise attacks with fastmoving airplanes are followed by massive attacks with infantry forces.
  34. NONAGRESSION PACT
    Hitler and Stalin (Russia and Germany) agreed to divide Poland and keep peace between them for 10 years.
  35. CHARLES DE GAULLE
    French president during World War I.
  36. WINSTON CHURCHILL
    The British prime minister during World War II, who promised that Britain would keep fighting the Nazis.
  37. PEARL HARBOR
    When Japan surprisely attacked Pearl Harbor in the U.S. by sending explosives.
  38. ARYAN
    What the Nazis called themselves because they believed it was the "pure" race.
  39. HOLOCAUST
    The massacre of European Jews and members of many other ethnic groups, in Nazi concentration camps during WorldWar II.
  40. KRISTALLNACHT
    "Night of Broken Glass"-The night of november 9, 1938, on which Nazi storm troopers attacked Jewish homes, businesses, and synagogues throughout Germany.
  41. GHETTO
    City neighborhood in which European Jews were forced to live.
  42. FINAL SOLUTION
    Hitler's program of systematically killing the entire Jewish people.
  43. GENOCIDE
    The systematic killing of an entire peopl.
  44. D-DAY
    June 6, 1944, The day on which the Allies began their invasion of the European mainland during World War II. Huge Allied invasion mounted to retake France from the Germans
  45. V.E. DAY
    "Victory in Europe Day"-The day Germany was finally defeated and the Allies won the war.
  46. KAMIKAZE
    The Japanese suicide pilots who were trained to sink the Allies ships.
  47. HIROSHIMA AND NAGASAKI
    Two cities in Japan where the U.S. threw a nuclear bomb in revenge of Pearl Harbor and that was the event that made the Japanese surrender and the war end.
  48. NATIONAL SOCIALISTS GERMAN WORKERS' PARTY
    The long meaning of NAZI.
  49. SWASTIKA
    The symbol of the Nazi Party to show they were the Aryan race.
  50. FÜHRER
    German title meaning leader. Adolf Hitler was Germany's Führer.
  51. ROME BERLIN AXIS POWERS
    Military alliance between Germany and Italy.
  52. ANTI COMITERN PACT
    A pact between Germany and Japan against the Communist.
  53. CONCENTRATION CAMPS
  54. UNITED NATIONS
    An international peacekeeping organization founded in 1945 to provide security to the nations of the world.
  55. COLD WAR
    The state of diplomatic hostility between the United States and the Soviet Union in the decades following World War II.
  56. IRON CURTAIN
    The boundary separating the communist nation of Eastern Europe from the mostly democratic nations of Western Europe.
  57. MARSHALL PLAN
    A U.S. program of economic aid to European countries to help them rebuild after World War II.
  58. TRUMAN DOCTRINE
    Announced by President Harry Truman in 1947, a U.S. policy of giving economic and military aid to free nation threatened by internal or external opponents.
  59. NATO
    "North Atlantic Treaty Organization"- A defensive military alliance formed in 1949 by ten Western European countries to help them rebuild after World War II.
  60. WARSAW PACT
    A military alliance formed in 1955 by the Soviet Union and seven Eastern European countries.
  61. MIKHAIL GORBACHEV
    The USSR last president.
  62. PERESTROIKA
    A reconstructing of the Soviet economy to permit more local decision making begun by Mikhail Gorbachev.
  63. BORIS YELTSIN
    The First Russian President after USSR was divided.
  64. NIKITA KRUSHCHEV
    The USSR leader during Cuban Missile Crisis
  65. JOHN F. KENNEDY
    The U.S. leader during Cuban Missile Crisis.
  66. POLITBURO
    The ruling comittee of the Communist Party in the Soviet Union.
  67. GLASNOST
    A Soviet policy of openess to the free flow of ideas and information, introduced in 1985 by Mikhail Gorbachev.
  68. CUBAN MISSILE CRISIS
    An event where the USSR placed nuclear missiles in Cuba, making the U.S. feel threatened.

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