Review Questions

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bkkrafft
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157253
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Review Questions
Updated:
2012-06-04 19:43:10
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Pathophysiology
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Review questions from dirty girl
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  1. Which disease is caused by an x-linked recessive gene?
    muscular dystrophy
  2. Which disease can lead to multiple fractures?
    osteoperosis
  3. What disease is caused by an increase in bone remodeling?
    osteoperosis
  4. Which disease is caused by a defect in the dystrophin protein?
    muscular dystrophy
  5. What disease has the signs/symptoms of neoplasms of the mammary gland cells?
    breast cancer
  6. Which type of cancer is never fond in males?
    cervical
  7. Which disease is diagnosed with a PAP smear?
    cervical cancer
  8. In which reproductive disease is the etiology in most cases a viral infection?
    cervical cancer
  9. Which disease has the pathophysiology of an abnormal growth in testicular cells?
    testicular cancer
  10. What word describes an increase in the number of cells?
    hyperplasia
  11. Which is not a treatment for tumors?
    1. Chemotherapy
    2. Physical Therapy
    3. Surgery
    Physical therapy
  12. What is commonly treated with anti-histamines?
    allergies
  13. What type of cellular damage includes bacteria and viruses?
    microorganisms
  14. What is homeostasis?
    The body's attempt to maintain a relatively constant internal environment?
  15. Which of the seven aspects of disease incldes congenital defects?
    etiology
  16. What is not a type of healing after an infection?
    chronic inflammation
  17. What is commonly mistaken as a risk factor for tumors?
    age
  18. Which of the seven aspects of disease includes the likeliness/outcome of the disease?
    prognosis
  19. What type of disease involves hypersensitivity and IgE gamma globulin?
    allergies
  20. Which of the seven aspects of disease include objective indicators of disease?
    signs/symptoms
  21. During which step does the infectious agent rapidly die?
    recovery
  22. What term is used to describe when undifferentiated cell divide?
    anaplasia
  23. Which of the seven aspects of disease includes medications?
    treatment modalities
  24. Are differentiated or undifferentiated cells characteristic of malignant tumors?
    undifferentiated
  25. _______ is the study of the cause of disease.
    etiology
  26. What type of cellular damage includes heat, cold, and radiation?
    physical
  27. In what stage does the infectious agent rapidly grow?
    reproduction
  28. What disease involves the destruction of T helper cells?
    HIV/ AIDS
  29. Which step in inflammation is NOT directly caused by chemical mediators?
    increased plasma proteins to the site
  30. Metabolic changes are included in in what aspect of disease?
    etiology
  31. What term is used to describe when there is an increase in the number of cells and therefore size of tissues?
    hypertrophy
  32. A disease that destroys T cells will in turn do what?
    Decrease antibodies and activated TC cells
  33. What type of cellular damage includes pressure?
    mechanical damage
  34. Which of the seven aspects of disease includes unwanted or undesirable outcomes of disease?
    sequelae and complications
  35. What is the study of changes associated with disease?
    pathophysiology
  36. Which aspect includes the tests to determine the type of diesase?
    diagnostics
  37. Which disease involves AMI against "self" molecules?
    • SLE
    • systemic lupus erythematosus
  38. According to homeostasis, ____ _____ from normal are disease.
    some changes
  39. Which type of inflammation does not form granulomas?
    acute
  40. What is the etiology of Hemophilia A?
    sex-linked recessive gene
  41. Which type of leukemia effects children?
    • ALL
    • acute lymphatic leukemia
  42. What is one thing that is NOT a possible cause of leukemias?
    genetics
  43. HbS is a _______ _______ gene and causes ______ ______ ______.
    • autosomal recessive
    • sickle cell anemia
  44. What is one thing that is mistakenly listed as being caused by Hemophila A?
    low hematocrit
  45. What does the treatment for sickle cell anemia do?
    Reduces sickling, increases number of properly shaped RBCs
  46. How can sickle cell anemia be diagnosed?
    genetic tests for the HbS trait
  47. Which disease can be treated with bone marrow transplants?
    leukemias
  48. What is MCV and what does it measure?
    • mean corpuscle volume
    • measures the size of red blood cells
  49. How can you identify RBCs that can't/aren't fully mature?
    they will be larger than normal
  50. What are some of the signs seen in sickle cell anemia?
    pallor, tachycardia, jaundice, splenomegaly
  51. T/F - Leukemia cannot be treated with radiation.
    False. It can!
  52. What is one result of vasoconstriction?
    primary hypertension
  53. Which part of coronary artery disease will result in plaques?
    atherosclerosis
  54. What disease results from low oxygen to the heart muscle?
    angina pectoris
  55. Which one is not an etiology of an aortic aneurysm?
    trauma
    immunological dysfunction
    microorganism
    congenital defect
    immunological dysfunction
  56. What is the only treatment for an aortic aneurysm? Why is it the only one?
    • surgery
    • it is the only one because aoritc aneurysms are not normally caught until they burst or tear and then the person is dead within minutes because of a loss of blood
  57. When gravity stretches veins, what is it called?
    varicose veins
  58. During congestive heart failure, does cardian output increase or decrease?
    decrease
  59. How is rhematic heart disease diagnosed?
    • ASO levels
    • antistreptolysin o
  60. In congestive heart failure, does stroke volume increase or decrease?
    decrease
  61. What disease that affects the circulatory system is caused by an infection followed by immunological dysfunction?
    rheumatic heart disease
  62. Which side of the heart is affected by congestive heart failure when pulmonary symptoms are seen first?
    left side
  63. Which side of the heart is affected by congestive heart failure when systemic edema and other bodily signs/symptoms are seen first?
    right side
  64. In what illness are smooth muscle contractions seen in the bronchioles?
    asthma
  65. Which type of COPD involves oxygen driven breathing?
    emphysema
  66. Clubbing of the fingers is a s/s of which respiratory disease?
    emphysema (COPD)
  67. What respiratory disease is caused by a genetic abnormality?
    cystic fibrosis
  68. What malignancy is caused by chemical irritation of the lungs?
    bronchiogenic carcinoma
  69. In which type of COPD will administering too much oxygen kill the patient? Why?
    emphysema, because their breathing is being driven by low levels of oxygen. too much supplemental oxygen will trick the body into thinking there was enough oxygen and the patient would stop breathing
  70. Which respiratory disease can be caused by a bacteria, virus, or fungi?
    pneumonia
  71. Which genetic disorder causes a build up of thickened mucous?
    cystic fibrosis
  72. What is the etiology of all upper and lower respiratory infections?
    microorganisms
  73. What unconventional treatment can be helpful for asthma sufferers?
    swimming lessons
  74. Which upper respiratory infection can be prevented with the BCG vaccine?
    tuberculosis
  75. What disease can be completely asymptomatic, but be prevented with regular screening after the age of 50?
    colorectal cancers
  76. What is caused by liver damage and can lead to liver failure or death?
    cirrhosis
  77. What disease can be caused by microorganisms A-E?
    viral hepaptitis
  78. Which disease results in diffuse fibrosis of the liver?
    cirrhosis
  79. What digestive disease can be caused by microbes, side effects from medications, or atrophy?
    peptic ulcer
  80. Which disease is characterized by skip lesions?
    chron's disease
  81. What disease results from muscle gaps in the intestinal walls?
    diverticular disease
  82. What can be formed when the body is too rich in calcium?
    urolithiasis
  83. When GFR drops, BP will _____.
    go up
  84. What is the infection called when it ascends through the UTI and into the bladder?
    cystitis
  85. Which disease's sequelae includes urolithiasis?
    UTIs
  86. Which condition is exacerbated by acidosis or alkalosis?
    urolithiasis
  87. Which disease involves the inflammation of myelin?
    multiple sclerosis
  88. In what disease are muscle weakness and gait changes symptoms?
    Parkinson's disease
  89. In what disease is the primary form idiopathic?
    Parkinson's disease
  90. What disease is diagnosed by looking at the gamma globulin levles?
    multiple sclerosis
  91. What disease involves amyloid plaques?
    Alzheimer's disease
  92. In what disease are burning, tingling, and numbness symptoms?
    MS
  93. What can be treated with dopamine replacement?
    Parkinson's disease
  94. In what disease that infects the endocrine system is the inflammatory response being suppressed?
    Cushing's disease or hyperadrenal
  95. What disease is treated with insulin injections?
    IDDM
  96. What thyroid disease can lead to hypothyroidism?
    Grave's disease or hyperthyroidism
  97. Hyperkalemia is a sygn of what endocrine disease?
    • addison's disease
    • hypoadrenal
  98. Which type of diabetes is caused by a genetic abnormality?
    IDDM
  99. What is known as type 2?
    NIDDM
  100. What is caused by thymine and thymine dimers?
    malignant melanoma
  101. What bone disorder is a degenerative disease?
    osteoperosis
  102. What type of joint disease is caused by bone replacing the cartilage?
    osteoarthritis

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