Patho & Pharmo Wk 9 Pulmonary disorders and their treatment
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Why during the respiratory function is one of the primary functions gas exchange?
During gas exchange O2 uptake and CO2 removal is carried out by the right amount of ventilation and lung perfusion (BF)
Name some negative effects of disruption to the respiratory function?
- Hypoxia - Reduced O2 in the blood
- Hypercapina - Increase CO2 in the blood
I am fluid accumulation in the pleural space therefore preventing full lung inflation. I can cause hypoxemia and dyspnea. The inflammation process has started which causes pain. What am I?
What is the difference between Transudate and Exudate fluid?
- Transudate fluid - is clear edema fluid
- Exudate fluid - contains proteins and inflammatory cells
If blood was to escape into the pleural space due to injury, what is the correct term for this?
Hemothorax - Hemo (blood) thorax (chest cavity)
I can be classed as spontaneous or traumatic. I involve the introduction of air into th epleural space. What am I?
Pneumothorax - Pneumo (the presence of air or gas) thorax (chect cavity)
I am caused when the airway is obstructed therefore causing incomplete lung expansion. What am I?
Atelectasis - Atel (imperfect or incomplete develpment)
Name the 4 Chronic non-revisable progressive condition of obstructive airway disorders?
- Bronchitis - Inflammation of the bronchi caused by bacteria or virus
- Emphysema - Air in the tissues reducing surface area for gas exchange
- Brochiectasis - Pus formed on the widened bronchi,constant AB to deal with infection. Physio to encourage sputum drainage.
- Cystic Fibrosis - Cystic (Relating to or characterised by cysts. Production of thick mucus)
I occur during bronchospasm and inflammation. I am acute. I am reversible airway obstruction. What am I?
Name the 2 types of Asthma?
- Extrinsic - Type 1 hypersensitivity is the most common form
- Intrinsic - Pathogenesis inflammation, maybe associated with viral respiratory infections.
Name the pharmocological treatments for Asthma?
- Anti-inflammatory - Preventors in glucocortides - Beclomethasone (inhaled) Presnisone (Oral)
- Bronchodialators - Relievers Albuterol (Venoline), Salmeterol (Serevent)
How much medication reaches the required area whilst using a spacer?
For Asthma to be classified by frequency of intermittent, mild, moderate or severe and a treatment perscribed, what are the occurrences?
- <2 d / wk
- >2 d /wk but < 7 d / wk
- Through the day
What is Cystic Fibrosis?
- A/ A Autosomal recessive condition
- B/ Can it involve excess secretion of viscous fluid
- C/ It affects the epithelial glands in respiratory, gastrointestinal & genito-urinary tracts
- D/ All of the above
I am a disease the is affected by smoking. I affect the distal to terminal bronchi. The effect I have on the lungs is a loss of elastic in the tissues that reduces the ability of th elungs to recoil during expiration therefore meaning that accessory respiratory muscles are recruited. What disease am I?
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