Civics Chapter 2

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Civics Chapter 2
2012-06-06 17:25:16
Civics Chapter

Chapter 2 Civics 6/6/12
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  1. A system of dividing powers among state and national governments
  2. One-person rule in an unlimited government
  3. Promoted the idea of the natural rights of man
    John Locke
  4. Colonial contribution to the idea of democratic government
    Mayflower Compact
  5. Government headed by king or queen who inherited the position
  6. Expressed responsibilities given to the national govenment
    Delegated powers or enumerated powers
  7. Rule by the people
  8. Additions to the U.S. Constitution
  9. Rule by a small group in an unlimited government
  10. Dictator of the Soviet Union, 1924-1953
    Joseph Stalin
  11. Form of government who doesn't provide an orderly transition of leaders
  12. The idea of separation of powers among 3 branches of government was first set fourth by this writer...
  13. The first written constitution in America
    Fundamental Orders of Connecticut
  14. Person putting forth the idea that in a natural state, individuals are free to make decisions, speak freely, and enjoy life
    John Locke
  15. The system in which one branch of government "watches over" another branch
    Checks and balances
  16. Form of government under which states hold the major power and give limited power to the central government
    Confederate system
  17. Powers only to be exercised by the states
    Reserved powers
  18. Powers to be exercised by both the federal government and the state governments
    Concurrent powers
  19. Governments that do not follow any law that places limits on the behavior of the rulers
    Unlimited government or authoritarian government
  20. All-powerful ruler (often king or queen)
    Absolute monarch
  21. Centralized control that is absolute or unlimited
  22. System under which the power of a government is restricted by laws or a constitution
    Limited government
  23. Highly centralized government
  24. Form of goverment under which the people elect representatives to the lawmaking body and the executive power is held by the leader of the political party that holds the majority of seats in the legislative body
    Parliamentary system
  25. Rights that all people should enjoy (life, liberty, and ownership of property) and should be protected by the government, not to give them
    Natural rights of man
  26. Decisions made by more than half of those involved
    Majority rule
  27. States the U.S. constitution as the highest law in the nation
    Supremacy Clause; Article VI, Section 2
  28. Branch that makes laws and is headed by Congress
    Legislature branch
  29. Branch that carries out and enforces laws as well as oversees operation of federal government and is headed by the President
    Executive branch
  30. Branch that interprets laws and punishes lawbreakers and is headed by the courts
    Judicial branch
  31. Division of government into 3 branches, with each having specific powers not exercised by the others
    Seperation of powers
  32. Power of the highest court to declare laws passed by the legislature and signed by the executive unconstitutional
    Judicial review
  33. A law that convicts a person of a crime, sets the punishment, and denies the person of a free trial
    Bill of attainder
  34. Meaning "after the fact", a law preventing a person for punishing another person for an act that was legal before the new law was passed
    Ex post facto law
  35. The belief that people were given the authority to rule by God
    Divine right
  36. Absense of publicly recognized government or enforced political authority
  37. Form of government where all citiens participate in making government decisions
    Direct democracy
  38. Form of goverment where citizens elect people to speak for them in government
    Representative Democracy or Indirect Democracy
  39. Form of government where citizens delegate power to representatives