Gnann

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tiannaraysor
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15761
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Gnann
Updated:
2010-04-22 20:33:27
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Ch. 13 - Heart and Disease- Vocab List
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  1. pointed end of a conical structure
    Apex
  2. top of heart; broad part of the heart
    base
  3. heart stops suddenly and unexpectedly
    cardiac arrest
  4. hardening of arteries; calcification
    arteriosclerosis
  5. type of "hardening of the arteries" in which lipids and other substances build up on the inside wall of blood vessels
    atherosclerosis
  6. abnormality of cardiac rhythm
    arrhythmia
  7. hereditary; defective heart development
    congenital heart disease
  8. graphic record of the heart's action potentials
    electrocardiogram
  9. two upper chambers of the heart
    atria
  10. small cavities; lower chamber of heart
    there r 2 of them
    ventricles
  11. muscle of the heart
    myocardium
  12. inflammation of the muscle of the heart
    myocarditis
  13. thin layer of very smooth tissue lining each chamber of the heart
    endocardium
  14. inflammation of the lining of the heart
    inflammation of the endocardium
    endocarditis
  15. wall that seperates the 2 atria & 2 ventricles
    septum
  16. membrane that surrounds the heart
    pericardium
  17. condition in which the pericardium becomes inflamed
    paricarditis
  18. contraction of the heart muscle
    systole
  19. relaxation of the heart, interposed between its contractions
    diastole
  20. 2 valves that sepereate the atrial chambers from the ventricles
    atrioventricular valves (AV)
  21. the valve located between the right atrium and ventricle
    tricuspid valve
  22. located between the left atrium and ventricle
    bicuspid or mitral valve
  23. severe chest pain resulting when the myocardium is deprived of sufficient oxygen
    angina pectoris
  24. death of cardiac muscle cells resulting from inadequate blood supply, as in coronary thrombosis
    myocardial infarction
  25. the heart's pacemaker; impulse conduction of the heart normally starts
    sinoatrial (SA) node
  26. when an artery expands & then recoils alternately
    pulse
  27. bottom of the heart pulse
    apical pulse
  28. pressure of blood in the blood vessels; expressed as systolic pressure over diastolic pressure
    blood pressure
  29. slow heart rhythm
    heart rate less than 60
    bradycardia
  30. heart reate greater than 100 (accelerated)
    tachycardia
  31. abnormally high blood pressure
    hypertension
  32. abnormally low blood pressure
    hypotension
  33. device for measuring blood pressure in the arteries of the limb
    sphygmomanometer

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