Settlement in West; pioneers rushing across Great Plains in search of a better life.
Slavery permitted in part of Louisiana Territory south of 36°30' line. Banned south of this line.
Compromise of 1850
1. California entered the Union as a free state.
2. Rest of Mexican Cession divided into territories of New Mexico & Utah. Voters would decide slavery question each territory.
3. Slave trade ended in Washington D.C.
4. Strict new fugitve slave law passed.
Fugitive Slave Law of 1850
Demanded all citizens to help catch runaway slaves.
Mexico sold to U.S. a strip of land in present-day Arizona and New Mexico.
Divided Nebraska Territroy in two: Kansas & Nebraska. Slavery decided by voting.
Dred Scott Decision
Slavery made legal in all territories.
Election of Lincoln (Republican Party)
led to southern secession in 1861.
Union (North) vs. COnfederacy (South)aka War of Northern Aggression; War of Secession; War to Preserve the Union; War of Recent Unpleasantness; Jefferson Davis (Pres. of Confed.); Grant (Norhtern) & Lee (Southern)
Freed slaves in the seceded states of rebellion; changed the character of the war to include ending slavery as well as preserving the Union.
Assassinated by John W. Booth at Ford Theater; Radical Republicans gained power; military reconstruction followed.
Banned slavery throughout the nation
Gave citizenship to all people born in the U.S.
Divided South into 5 military districts
Impeachment of Andrew Johnson
First impeachment of a president; Johnson had challenged Congressional law.
Forbade any state from denying African-American males the right to vote.