Find the Main Point - Subject and Function of the Passage
Thomas Long's Two Tools:
1) Focus statement answers "what do I want my listeners to know as a result of this passage?
2) Function statements answers "what do I want my listeners to do as a result of hearing this passage?
Most Important Hermeneutical Principle
Obey your leaders and submit to their authority. They keep watch over you as men who must give an account. Obey them so that their work may be a joy, not a burden, for that would be of no advantage to you.
2 Timothy 2:15
Do your best to present yourself to God as one approved, a workman who does not need to be ashamed and who correctly handles the word of truth.