organic chemistry functional groups.txt

Card Set Information

Author:
samanthony0426
ID:
157859
Filename:
organic chemistry functional groups.txt
Updated:
2012-06-08 15:09:57
Tags:
Organic Chemistry Functional Groups
Folders:

Description:
Functional Groups of Organic Chemistry and what they are composed of
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user samanthony0426 on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Hydrocarbons
    • Only composed of Carbon and Hydrogen.
    • NOT A FUNCTIONAL GROUP
  2. Alkanes
    All single bonded carbon to hydrogens; ONLY sp3 hybridized Carbons
  3. Alkenes
    One or more carbon double bonded to carbon; only sp2 hybridized carbons
  4. Alkynes
    One or more carbon triple bonded to carbon; only sp hybridized carbons
  5. Aromatic ring
    Benzene
  6. Carbonyl Containing
    • An oxygen double bonded to a carbon bonded with an akyl group and Y
    • NOT A FUNCTIONAL GROUP
  7. Aldehyde
    Y = H
  8. Ketone
    Y = R (sp3 hybridized Carbons)
  9. Carboxylic Acid
    Y = OH
  10. Ester
    Y = OR (an oxygen bonded to a sp3 hybridized carbon)
  11. Amide
    Y = N
  12. Acyl Halide (or Acid Halide)
    Y = X
  13. Heteroatom
    Anything not carbon or hydrogen. Contains N, O, X, - but only if they are not in a Carbonyl
  14. Alcohol
    R- OH
  15. Ether
    R - O - R'
  16. Amine
    Nitrogen with 3 single bond to either R, R', R'' or H
  17. Imine
    N = C (double bonded)
  18. Nitrile
    R - C triple bonded to N
  19. Alkyl Halide (or Halo Carbon)
    R - X

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview