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The scientific study of behavior and mental process.
Description: What is happening?
Explanation: Why is it happening?
Prediction: When will it happen again?
Control: How can it be changed?
Psychology's 4 Primary Goals
Early perspective in psychology associated with William Wundt (fater of psychology) & Edward Titchner, in which the focus of study is the structure or base elements of the mind.
Early perspective in psychology associated with William James, in which the focus of study is how the mind allows people to adapt, live, work and play.
Early perspective in psychology focusing on perception and sensation, particularly the perception of patterns and whole figures.
The theory and therapy based on the work of Sigmund Freud.
Alder, Jung & Ann Freud
The science of behavior that focues on observable behavior only.
Pavlov, Watson (father of) & Mary Cover Jones
Modern perspective that focuses on memory, intelligence, perception, problem sovling and learning.
Modern version of psychoanalysis that is more focused on the development of a sense of self and the discovery of other motivations behind a person's behavior than sexual motivations.
Study of the physical changes in the brain and nervous system during thinking.
Perpsective that focuses on the relationship between social behavior and culture.
Perspective that attributes human and animail behavior to biological events occurring in the body, such as genetic influence, hormones and the activity of the nervous system.
Perspective that focuses on the biological bases of universal mental characteristics that all humans share.
A medical doctor who has specialized in the diagnosis and treatment of psychological disorders.
Either a psychiatrist or a spychologist who has special training in the theories of Sigmund Freud and his method of psychoanalysis.
A social worker with some training in therapy methods who focuses on the enviornmental conditions that can have an impact on mental disorders, such as poverty, over crowding, stress and drug abuse.
Psychiatric Social Worker
A professional with an academic degree and specialized training in one or more areas of psychology.
System of gathering data so that bias and error in measurement are reduced.
Tentative explanation of a phenomenon based on observation.
In research, repeating a study or experiment to see if the same results will be obtained in an effort to demonstrate reliability of results.
Tendancy of people or animals to behave differently than normal when they know they are being observed.
A naturalistic observation in which the observer becomes a participant in a group being observed.
Tendancy of observeers to see what they expect to see.
Study of one individual in great detail.
Randomly selected sample of subjects from a larger population of subjects.
The entire group of people or animals in which the researcher is interested.
A measure of the relationship between two variables.
A number derived from the formula for measuring a correlation and indicating the strength and direction of a correlation.
Strong +1 or -1
A deliberate manipulation of a variable to see if corresponding changes in behavior result, allowing the determination of cause-and-effect relationships.
Definitation of a variable of interest that allows it to be directly measured.
Variable in an experiment that is manipulated by the experimentor.
Variable in an experiment that represents the measurable response or behavior of the subjects in the experiment.
Subjects in an experiment who are subjected to the independent variable.
Subjects in an experiment who are not subjected to the independent variable and who may receive a placebo treatments.
Process of assigning subjects to the experimental or control groups randomly, so that each subject has an equal chance of being in either group.
The phenomenon in which the expectaction of the participants in a study can influence their behavior.
Tendency of the experimentor's expectations for a study to unintentionally influence the results of the study.
Study in which the subjects do not know if they are in the experimental or control group.
Study in which neither the experimenter nor the subject know if the subjects are in the experimental or control group.
Making reasoned judgements about claims.
Systems of explaining human behavior that are not based on or consistent with scientific evidence.
The "third force", a reaction to both psychodynamic theory and behaviorism.
A perspective that would allow people to focus on their ability to direct their own lives.
Study in which the researcher observes people or animals in their normal enviornment.
The process of examining and measuring ones own thoughts and mental activities.
How old is Psychology?
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