Psy 110.1

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potteal1
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157942
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Psy 110.1
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2012-06-09 15:27:20
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Psychology
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Chapter 1
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  1. The scientific study of behavior and mental process.
    Psychology
  2. Description: What is happening?
    Explanation: Why is it happening?
    Prediction: When will it happen again?
    Control: How can it be changed?
    Psychology's 4 Primary Goals
  3. Early perspective in psychology associated with William Wundt (fater of psychology) & Edward Titchner, in which the focus of study is the structure or base elements of the mind.
    Structuralism
  4. Early perspective in psychology associated with William James, in which the focus of study is how the mind allows people to adapt, live, work and play.
    Functionalism
  5. Early perspective in psychology focusing on perception and sensation, particularly the perception of patterns and whole figures.


    Wertheimer
    Gestalt Psychology
  6. The theory and therapy based on the work of Sigmund Freud.

    Alder, Jung & Ann Freud
    Psychoanalysis
  7. The science of behavior that focues on observable behavior only.

    Pavlov, Watson (father of) & Mary Cover Jones
    Behaviorism
  8. Modern perspective that focuses on memory, intelligence, perception, problem sovling and learning.
    Cognitive Perspective
  9. Modern version of psychoanalysis that is more focused on the development of a sense of self and the discovery of other motivations behind a person's behavior than sexual motivations.
    Psychodynamic Perspective
  10. Study of the physical changes in the brain and nervous system during thinking.
    Cognitive Neuroscience
  11. Perpsective that focuses on the relationship between social behavior and culture.
    Sociocultural Perspective
  12. Perspective that attributes human and animail behavior to biological events occurring in the body, such as genetic influence, hormones and the activity of the nervous system.
    Biopsychological Perspective
  13. Perspective that focuses on the biological bases of universal mental characteristics that all humans share.
    Evolutionary Perspective
  14. A medical doctor who has specialized in the diagnosis and treatment of psychological disorders.
    Psychiatrist
  15. Either a psychiatrist or a spychologist who has special training in the theories of Sigmund Freud and his method of psychoanalysis.
    Psychoanalyst
  16. A social worker with some training in therapy methods who focuses on the enviornmental conditions that can have an impact on mental disorders, such as poverty, over crowding, stress and drug abuse.
    Psychiatric Social Worker
  17. A professional with an academic degree and specialized training in one or more areas of psychology.
    Psychologist
  18. System of gathering data so that bias and error in measurement are reduced.
    Scientific Method
  19. Tentative explanation of a phenomenon based on observation.
    Hypothesis
  20. In research, repeating a study or experiment to see if the same results will be obtained in an effort to demonstrate reliability of results.
    Replicate
  21. Tendancy of people or animals to behave differently than normal when they know they are being observed.
    Observer Effect
  22. A naturalistic observation in which the observer becomes a participant in a group being observed.
    Participant Observation
  23. Tendancy of observeers to see what they expect to see.
    Obvserver Bias
  24. Study of one individual in great detail.
    Case Studay
  25. Randomly selected sample of subjects from a larger population of subjects.
    Representative Sample
  26. The entire group of people or animals in which the researcher is interested.
    Population
  27. A measure of the relationship between two variables.
    Correlation
  28. A number derived from the formula for measuring a correlation and indicating the strength and direction of a correlation.


    Strong +1 or -1
    Weak 0
    Correlation Coefficient
  29. A deliberate manipulation of a variable to see if corresponding changes in behavior result, allowing the determination of cause-and-effect relationships.
    Experiment
  30. Definitation of a variable of interest that allows it to be directly measured.
    Operational Definition
  31. Variable in an experiment that is manipulated by the experimentor.
    Independent Variable
  32. Variable in an experiment that represents the measurable response or behavior of the subjects in the experiment.
    Dependent Variable
  33. Subjects in an experiment who are subjected to the independent variable.
    Experimental Group
  34. Subjects in an experiment who are not subjected to the independent variable and who may receive a placebo treatments.
    Control Group
  35. Process of assigning subjects to the experimental or control groups randomly, so that each subject has an equal chance of being in either group.
    Random Assignment
  36. The phenomenon in which the expectaction of the participants in a study can influence their behavior.
    Placebo Effect
  37. Tendency of the experimentor's expectations for a study to unintentionally influence the results of the study.
    Experimental Effect
  38. Study in which the subjects do not know if they are in the experimental or control group.
    Single-Blind Study
  39. Study in which neither the experimenter nor the subject know if the subjects are in the experimental or control group.
    Double-Blind Study
  40. Making reasoned judgements about claims.
    Critical Thinking
  41. Systems of explaining human behavior that are not based on or consistent with scientific evidence.
    Pseudopsychologies
  42. The "third force", a reaction to both psychodynamic theory and behaviorism.


    A perspective that would allow people to focus on their ability to direct their own lives.

    Free will.
    Humanistic Perpsective
  43. Study in which the researcher observes people or animals in their normal enviornment.
    Naturalistic Observation
  44. The process of examining and measuring ones own thoughts and mental activities.

    Wundt.
    Objective Introspection
  45. How old is Psychology?
    125

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