1. Religion is something which inhibits change and keeps society as it is. - This is positive which creates social order based on value consensus.
- Aboriginal society. Worship of totems = worshipping society itself. Sacred religious worship encourages shared values.
- 2). Malinowski.
- Religion helps us deal with emotional stress that threaten social order. Stressful events create disruption but religion promotes stability.
- religion provides guidelines for human actions in terms of core values.
- CIVIL RELIGION
. Non-religious symbols and rituals create social cohesion. Flags, political figues, royal deaths generate a mutual feeling or order and stability.