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2010-04-23 02:35:37
St Philips LVN Drug Sheet

Drugs for LVN Program
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  1. Adrenergic
    Mimics activity of dopamine sympathetic nervous system; treatment of shock, cardiac arrest.

    Epinephrine, dopamine, dobutamine, norepinephrine,
  2. Adrenergic Blocker
    lowers blood pressure by stimulating alpha-adrenergic receptors in the CNS, causing vasodilation.

    Lopressor, Tenormin, Catapres, Coreg, Labetalol, Clonidine, Atenolol
  3. Anesthetic
    Produce loss of feeling or sensation.

    Xylocaine, marcaine ketamine
  4. Angiotensin Converting Enzyme (ACE) Inhibitors
    lowers the blood pressure by blocking the conversion of angiotension I to angiotension II.

    Capoten, Zestril, Altace, Accupril, Vasotec
  5. Antacid
    used to treat ulcers by neutralizing gastric acid.

    Riopan, Tums, Milk of Magnesia
  6. Antianemic
    prevention and treatment of anemias.
  7. Epogen, Niferex, ferrous sulfate
  8. Antianginal
    increases blood flow to Coronary arteries, resulting in complete or partial relief of symptoms.
  9. Isordil, nitroglycerin, Norvasc, Cardizem, Nifedipine, Isosorbide, Procardia, verapamil
  10. Antianxiety
    used in the management of various forms of anxiety; cause generalized CNS depression

    Valium, Xanax, Ativan, Effexor, BuSpar
  11. Antiarrhythmic
    suppression of cardiac arrhythmias
  12. Lidocaine, quinidine, Pronestyl, verapamil, amiodarone
  13. Antiasthmatics
    management of acute and chronic episodes of reversible bronchoconstriction
  14. Albuterol, Serevent, Xopenex, Singulair, fluticasone, Atrovent, Pulmicort
  15. Anticholinergic
    completely inhibit the activity (cholinergic blocker) of acetylcholine
  16. Atropine, Scopolamine, Atrovent, Detrol, Ditropan
  17. Anticoagulant
    prevent the formation and extension of a thrombus; interfere with clotting mechanism
  18. Coumadin, heparin, Lovenox, Arixtra, Fragmin, Plavix, Vitamin K, Protamine Sulfate
  19. Anticonvulsant
    decrease or eliminate the occurrence of seizures
  20. Dilantin, phenobarbital, Tegretol, Klonopin, Neurontin, Cerebyx, Valium, Depakote
  21. Antidepressant
    used in the treatment of Various forms of endogenous depression
  22. Elavil, Prozac, Lexapro, Paxil, Zoloft, Wellbutrin
  23. Antidiabetic
    used in the treatment of diabetes mellitus; lowers blood glucose levels; includes insulin & oral hypoglycemics
  24. Humulin R, Glucotrol, Diabinese, Glynase, Glyburide, Metformin, Prandin, Avandia, Amaryl, Actos Glucophage, Lantus, Humolog, Lispro, Insulin-NPH, Glucagon, Detemir
  25. Antidiarrheal
    control of acute and chronic diarrhea; slows intestinal motility and propulsion
  26. Lomotil, Imodium
  27. Antidote
    counteracts poisons & their effects
  28. Narcan, Vit. K
  29. Antiemetic
    treats or prevents nausea & vomiting
  30. Phenergan, Zofran, Reglan, Compazine
  31. Antifungal
    treatment of fungal infections
  32. Diflucan, Lotrimin, Nizoral, Monistat, Sporanox
  33. Antiglaucoma Agent
    decreases intraocular pressure
  34. Timoptic, Betoptic, pilocarpine
  35. Antigout agent
    reduces inflammatory response or lowers serum uric acid
  36. allopurinol, Probenecid
  37. Antihelmintic
    used to treat worms (roundworms, pinworms, tapeworms, etc)
  38. Vermox
  39. Antihistamine
    block the effects of histamine at the H1 receptor; relieves symptoms of an allergic reaction
  40. Benadryl, Tavist, Claritin, Zyrtec, Allegra, phenergan
  41. Antihypertensive
    treatment of hypertension; lowers the blood pressure
  42. Catapress, Tenormin, Lopressor, Toprol, Cardizem, Procardia, Coreg, Vasotec, Zestril, Clonidine, Capoten, Diovan, Nifedipine, Altace, Losaartan
  43. Anti-infective
    treatment and prophylaxis of various bacterial infections
  44. Ampicillin, Augmentin, Keflex, Cipro, Maxipime Rocephin, Ancef, Tobramycin, Unasyn, Vancomycin, Zosyn, Penicillin
  45. Antineoplastic
    inhibit the maturation and proliferation of malignant cells; used in treatment of various tumors, lymphomas, leukemias
  46. Myleran, Cytoxan, methotrexate, tamoxifen, Oncovin
  47. Antiplatelet
    used to treat and/or prevent stroke and myocardial infarction; inhibits platelet aggregation
  48. dipyridamole, aspirin, Plavix, Ticlid
  49. Antiparkinson Agent
    relieve the symptoms of Parkinson’s & assist in maintaining pt’s mobility
  50. Sinemet, Symmetrel, carbidopa/levodopa, Cogentin, Artane
  51. Antipsychotic
    management of acute & chronic psychoses; blocks dopamine receptors in brain
  52. Haldol, Zyprexa, Compazine, Risperdal
  53. Antipyretic
    reduces fever
  54. Acetaminophen (Tylenol), aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil)
  55. Antiretroviral
    management of HIV infection
  56. AZT, Epivir, Norvir, Invirase, Viracept
  57. Antirheumatic
    management of rheumatoid arthritis
  58. cortisone, prednisone, Celebrex
  59. Antitubercular
    destroy or inhibit the growth of mycobacteria; treatment of tuberculosis
  60. isoniazid, rifampin
  61. Antitussive
    relieve coughing
  62. Codeine, Mucomyst, Tessalon Pearles, dextromethorphan, Guaifenesin
  63. Antiulcer agent
    neutralize or reduce the acidity of stomach & duodenal contents
  64. Protonix, Prevacid, Pepcid, Nexium, Tagamet, Zantac
  65. Antiviral
    inhibit viral replication
  66. Zovirax, Valtrex, Tamiflu, Acyclovir, Combivir, Rimantidine
  67. Beta Blocker
    block the effects of the sympathetic nervous system; management of hypertension, angina, CHF, glaucoma
  68. Tenormin, Lopressor, Corgard, Timoptic, Inderal, Zebeta
  69. Bone Resorption Inhibitor
    treat and prevent osteoporosis
  70. Fosamax, Actonel, Evista
  71. Bronchodilator
    relaxes bronchial muscles & dilates the bronchi
  72. Proventil (albuterol), Alupent, Isuprel, Xopenex
  73. Calcium Channel Blocker
    block calcium entry into vascular smooth muscle & myocardium; dilate coronary arteries; treatment of HTN
  74. Norvasc, diltiazem, Procardia
  75. Cholinergic
    mimic the activity of the parasympathetic nervous system
  76. pilocarpine, Urecholine
  77. Corticosteroid
    modify the normal immune Inflammation response & suppress
  78. prednisone, cortisone, (glucocorticoid), SoluMedrol, Flovent, Decadron
  79. Decongestant
    reduces swelling of the nasal passages
  80. Sudafed, Afrin
  81. Diuretic
    increases the secretion of urine by the kidneys; treatment of HTN, edema associated with CHF
  82. Lasix, Diuril, Lozol, Bumex, Hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ), Aldactone, Zaroxolyn, Mannitol, Spironlactone
  83. Electrolyte
    used to treat electrolyte Imbalances
  84. sodium bicarbonate, potassium chloride, sodium chloride, magnesium chloride
  85. Expectorant
    help raise respiratory secretions
  86. Robitussin, guaifenesin
  87. Hormone
    chemical substance produced by glands & secreted into bloodstream, regulating bloodstream, regulating activity of certain body organs
  88. insulin, estrogen, progesterone, oxytocin, Synthroid
  89. Immune globulin
    provide immediate, short term immunity by injection of ready made antibodies from another human or an animal
  90. HBIG (hepatitis B Immune globulin), RhoGAM
  91. Immunosuppressant
    inhibit cell-mediated immune responses
  92. Imuran, methotrexate, Cytoxan, Prograf
  93. Inotropic agent
    increase cardiac output mainly by direct myocardial effects & some peripheral vascular effects
  94. Digoxin, Lanoxin (Cardiotonic)
  95. Laxative
    used to treat or prevent constipation
  96. Metamucil, Surfak, Colace, Dulcolax, MOM, Senokot, Lactulose, Golytely, Bisacodyl
  97. Lipid-lowering Agent
    reduces blood lipids
  98. Lescol, Zetia, Mevacor, Zocor, Lipitor, Crestor, Lopid, Simvastatin, Pravastatin, Questran
  99. Miotic
    contracts the pupil of the eye
  100. pilocarpine
  101. Mydriatic
    dilates the pupil of the eye
  102. atropine
  103. Nonopioid Analgesic
    used to control mild to moderate pain
  104. aspirin, acetaminophen, ibuprofen (nonnarcotic)
  105. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory (NSAID)
    used to treat inflammatory conditions
  106. Celebrex, Aleve, Naproxen, Toradol, Mobic
  107. Opioid analgesic
    management of moderate to severe pain
  108. Morphine, Vicodin/Lortab Meperidine, Darvocet-N, Codeine, Fentanyl, Dilaudid, Norco, Ultram, Stadol
  109. Sedative/Hypnotic
    used to treat various anxiety states & to provide sedation before procedures; used to treat insomnia
  110. Xanax, Valium, Versed, Restoril
  111. Skeletal muscle Relaxant
    used to treat spasticity associated with spinal cord disease or relief of acute painful musculoskeletal conditions
  112. Valium, Soma, Flexeril
  113. Sulfonamide
    Bactrim, silvadene
  114. Thrombolytic
    dissolve blood clots
  115. urokinase, streptokinase, t-PA
  116. Toxoid
    stimulate the immune response to specific toxins
  117. DTP (diphtheria, tetanus & pertussis)
  118. Vaccine
    stimulate the immune response within the body to specific antigens
  119. HBV (hepatitis B vaccine), MMR (measles, mumps, rubella vaccine)
  120. Vasodilator
    produce relaxation of blood vessels; lowers BP
  121. Isordil, nitroglycerin, Persantine
  122. Vasopressor
    produce contraction of the blood vessels
  123. dopamine, epinephrine
  124. Vitamin
    prevent and treat vitamin deficiencies
  125. Folic acid, Feosol, Nicobid, Calcimar,Aqua-mephyton