List 8 symphonic innovations Schumann introduced in his symphonies.
Cyclic- Retrieves themes in later movements (cyclical themes -this idea begins motivically with Beethoven's 5th.)New balance of themes- return of intro theme in recap and through to unify.
- More continuous symphonies - either a very short pause
- or no break at all for almost half of all his movements.
- Sonata forms often leave out the development or the
- recap or combines both into one section.
Key use: 3 key exposition in sonata form and subdominant recap. 3 key symphony.Difficult orchestral keys (b minor, etc). In minor key, 2nd theme returns in major.
Creative orchestration (exploits timbre of instruments as never before- trombone in slow movement)
Uses reptition as developmental device.
Greater emphasis on woodwinds than ever before (also increased attention to brass)
Modified Scherzo form (rondo)