Ch.1 Vocab Psych
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Ch.1 Vocab Psych
Chapter 1 Key Terms
The scientific study of behavior and mental processes
Everyhing that we do that can be directly observed
The thoughts, feelings, and motives that each of us experiences privately but that cannot be observed directly
Focused on the basic elements (structures) of the human mind
Emphasized the interaction between the mind and the outside environment.
Emphasizes the scientific study of behavior and asserts that behavior is shaped by the environment.
Emphasizes the unconscious aspects of the mind, conflicts between biological instincts & society's demands, and early family experiences.
Focuses on the mental processes involved in knowing:
- how we direct our attention
The process of thinking reflectively & productively , as well as evaluating evidence
The entire group that the investigator wants to learn about
The subset of the population that the investigator has chosen for study
Observations of behavior in real-world settings with no effort made to manipulate or control the situation
An in-depth look at a single individual
Research with the goal of describing the strength of the relationship between two or more events or characteristics
The factor that can change in an experiment in response to changes in the independent variable
A carefully regulated procedure in which one or more factors believed to influence the behavior being studied are manipulated and all the other factors are held constant
A prediction for an experiment that is often arrived at logically from a theory
The manipulated, influential, experimental factor in an experiment
The average of a set of data, achieved by adding all the scores and then dividing by the number of scores.
The middle of a set of data , acheived by placing the numbers in order from lowest to highest and then finding the one exactly in the middle
The score that occurs the most often
A circumstance or behavior defined in such a way that it can be objectively observed and measured