Defendent won't contest claims against them. (Pleads guilty to one specific offense but itsn't an admitance of guilt to other crimes or parts of that crime)
A judical remedy that under some circumstances exluedes from trial evidence obtained by the proscecution because it was obtained by the police as a byproduct of infringing a crinimal defendents constitutionally protected rights.
Exclustionary rule doesn't apply to
impeach a witnesses testimony.
Type of punishment that seeks to even the score, an eye for an eye
Bill of Attainder
a legislative act that declares a person guilty of a crime and imposes a punishment (Used in lieu of judical processes ILLEGAL)
Bill of Attainder is a ____ type of act
Indictment definition and when it is given
A written accustation that one or more persons have committed a crime, presented in oath by a grand jury (The person against whom the indictment is returned is said to be indicted)
An unsecurred promise to appear in court when required (a form of bail)
An overt wrongful act ex.
example of actus reus
the crime of theft requires physically taking something (the actus reus)
coupled with the intent to permanently deprive the owner of the object (mens rea)
A writ used to require that a detained person be brought before the court. The habeas corpus review is to test legality of detention
a wrong committed against the public
Reasonable groud for suspicion supported by circumstances suffiencently strong to warrent a caustious man to believe that an accused person is guilty of the offense with whihc he is charged
an unlawful touching, beating, wounding or laying hold however triffling of another person or persons clothes without consent
Ex Post Facto
laws that make acts criminal that were not criminal at the time they were commited
ex post facto laws are only in
legislative not in the courts!
the restoration of someone to a useful place in society
Is when a criminally accused person formally appears before a court for the purpose of having them answer the charges brought by the prosecution.
Crime Mala in se
instrinsically wrong requires proof of criminal intent
crime mala prohibita
traditional label for illegal acts which are not instrinsically bad they are only criminal because the law defines them as such
What are the 4 components of a criminal act
wrongful act, causation, guilty mind and concurrence between mind and act
criminal state of mind
substituted or indirect responsibility (ex employee for employee within scope of their employment)
an element that must be proved in some but not all criminal cases and in negligence and some strict liability cases in tort
something that produces a result with out which the result could not have occurred
preparatory action attempt solicitation or conspiracy
a test that provides a criminal defendant is not guilty by reason of insanity, if defendant knows it is wrong but cannot refrain due to a mental illness they would pass
a defense that states that the defendant lacks capacity to commit crime charged
a defense raised in a criminal prosecution where an officer induces a person who was not other wise so disposed to commit the crime.