Psy 110.4

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potteal1
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158100
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Psy 110.4
Updated:
2012-06-10 19:51:07
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Consciousness
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Chapter 4
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  1. A person's awareness of everything that is going on around him or her at any given moment, which is used to organize behavior.
    Consciousness
  2. State in which thoughts, feelings and sensations are clear, organized and the person feel alert.
    Waking Consciousness
  3. State in which there is a shift in the quality or pattern of mental activity as compared to waking consciousness.
    Altered State of Consciousness
  4. A cycle of bodily rhythm that occurs over a 24-hour period.
    Circadian Rhythm
  5. Area in the hypothalamus tht is sensitive to daylight and controls the body's sleep-wake cycle.
    Suprachiasmatic Nucleus (SCN)
  6. Brief sidesteps into sleep lasting only a few seconds.
    Microsleeps
  7. Any significant loss of sleep, resulting in problems in concentration and irratibility.
    Sleep Deprivation
  8. Theory of sleep proposing that animals and humans evolved sleep patterns to avoid predators, sleeping when preadotrs are most active.
    Adaptive Theory
  9. Theory of sleep proposing that sleep is necessary to the physical health of the body and serves to replenish chemicals and repair cellular damage.
    Restorative Theory
  10. Stage of sleep in which the eyes move rapidly under the eyelids and the person is typically experiencing a dream.
    Rapid Eye Movement (REM)
  11. Any of the stages of sleep that do not include REM.
    non-REM (NREM) Sleep
  12. Brain waves that indicate a state of relaxation or light sleep.
    Alpha Waves
  13. Brain waves indicating the early stages of sleep.
    Theta Waves
  14. Long, slow waves that indicate the deepest stage of sleep.
    Delta Waves
  15. The inability of the voluntary muscles to move during REM sleep.
    REM Paralysis
  16. Increased amounts of REM sleep after being deprived of REM sleep on earlier nights.
    REM Rebound
  17. Bad dreams occurring during REM Sleep.
    Nightmares
  18. A rare disorder in which the mechanism that blocks the movement of the voluntary muscles fails, allowing the person to thrash around and even get up and act out nightmares.
    REM Behavior Disorder
  19. Occurring during deep sleep, an episode of moving around or walking around in one's sleep.
    Sleepwalking (Somnambulism)
  20. Relatively rare disorder in which the person experiences extreme fear and screams or runs around during sleep without waking fully.
    Night Terrors
  21. Inability to get to sleep, stay alseep or get a good quality of sleep.
    Insomnia
  22. Disorder in which the person stops breathing for nearly half a minute or more.
    Sleep Apnea
  23. Sleep disorder in which a person falls immediately in REM sleep during the day without warning.
    Narcolepsy
  24. Explanation that states that dreams are created by the higher centers of the cortex to explain the activation by the brain stem of cortical cells during REM sleep periods.
    Activation-Synthesis Hypothesis
  25. Revised version of the activation-synthesis explanation of dreams in which information that is accessed during waking hours can have an influence on the synthesis of dreams.
    Activation-Information-Mode Model (AIM)
  26. State of consciousness in which the person is especially susceptible to suggestion.
    Hypnosis
  27. Theory that assumes that people who are hypnotized are not in an altered state but are merely playing the role expected of them in the situation.
    Social-Cognitive Theory of Hypnosis
  28. Drugs that alter thinking, perception and memory.
    Psychoactivbe Drugs
  29. Condition occurring when a person's body becomes unable to function normally without a particular drug.
    Physical Dependence
  30. Physical symptoms that can include nausea, pain, tremors, crankiness and high blood pressure, resulting from a lack of an addictive drug in the body systems.
    Withdrawal
  31. The feeling that a drug is needed to continue a feeling of emotional or psychological well-being.
    Psychological Dependence
  32. Drugs that increase the functioning of the nervous system.
    Stimulants
  33. Drugs that decrease the functioning of the nervous system.
    Depressants
  34. A class of opium-related drugs that suppress the sensation of pain by binding to and stimulating the nervous system's natural receptor sites for endorphine.
    Narcotics
  35. Drugs including hallucinogens and marijuana that produce hallucinations or increased feelings of relaxation and intoxication.
    Hallucinogenics
  36. Stimulants that are synthesized (made) in laboratories rather than being found in nature.
    Amphetamines
  37. A natural drug derived from the leaves of the coca plant.
    Cocaine
  38. The active ingredient in tobacco.
    Nicotine
  39. A mild stimulant found in coffee, tea and several other plant-based substances.
    Caffeine
  40. Depressant drugs that have a sedative effect.
    Barbiturates (Major Tranquilizer)
  41. Drugs that lower anxiety and reduce stress.
    Benzodiazepines (Minor Tranquilizer)
  42. A chemical resulting from the fermentation or distillation of various kinds of vegetable matter.
    Alcohol
  43. Substance derived from the opium poppy from which all narcotic drugs are derived.
    Opium
  44. Narcotic drug derived from opium, used to treat severe pain.
    Morphine
  45. Narcotic drug derived from opium that is extremely addictive.
    Heroin
  46. Drugs that cause false sensory messages, altering the perception of reality.
    Hallucinogens
  47. Powerful synthetic hallucinogen.
    LSD (Lysergic Acid Diethylamide)
  48. Synthesized drug now used as an animal tranqulizer that can cause stimulatn, depressent, narcotic and hallucinogenic effects.
    PCP
  49. Designer drug that can have both stimulant and hallucinatory effects.
    MDMA (Ecstasy or X)
  50. Drugs that produce a mixture of pshchomotor stimulant and hallucinogenic effects.
    Stimulatory Hallucinogenics
  51. Natural hallucinogen derived from the peyote cactus buttons.
    Mescaline
  52. Natural hallucinogen found in certain mushrooms.
    Psilocybin
  53. Mild hallucinogen (also know as pot or weed) derived from the leaves and flowers of a particular type of hemp plant.
    Marijuana
  54. An involuntary muscle twitch which often occurs during the transition from wakefulness to sleep.
    Hypnic Jerk
  55. Term coined by Sigmund Freud to identify the real or "hidden" meaning of a dream.
    Latent Content
  56. Term coined by Sigmund Freud to identify the actual or "apparent" content of a dream.
    Manifest Content
  57. Hormone released from the pineal gland that is associated with the sleep-wake cycle.
    Melatonin
  58. Narcot drug derived from opium used to treat heroin addiction.
    Methadone
  59. Bursts of brain wave activity seen on an EEG during Stage 2 sleep.
    Sleep Spindles

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