Lecture 5 – The Necessity of Cross-Cultural Evangelism
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List (1 Sentence Each) the five key points that show God is a missionary God to all nations. For each key point, cite one scriptural reference (book, chapter, and verse numbers) and summarize (1-2 sentences) the scripture's main idea that supports the key point.
- 35.1 God makes nations with a view of his glory
- 26 “From one man he made every nation of men, that they should inhabit the whole earth; and he determined the times set for them and the exact places where they should live. 27 God did this so that men would seek him and perhaps reach out for him and find him, though he is not far from each one of us.” (Acts 17:26-27)
- 35.2 God makes a covenant with Abraham with nations in mind
- 1 “The Lord had said to Abram, ‘Leave your country, your people and your father's household and go to the land I will show you. 2 I will make you into a great nation and I will bless you; I will make your name great, and you will be a blessing. 3 I will bless those who bless you, and whoever curses you I will curse; and all peoples on earth will be blessed through you.’” (Gen 12:1-3) – (1st Promise - to Abraham)
- 35.2.1 God reinforces this promise by repeating it and swearing by Himself 22.214.171.124 Genesis 18:18 – (2nd Promise - to Abraham)
- “Abraham will surely become a great and powerful nation, and all nations on earth will be blessed through him.”
- 126.96.36.199 Genesis 22:16-18 – (3rd Promise - to Abraham)
- 16 “...and said, ‘I swear by myself, declares the Lord, that because you have done this and have not withheld your son, your only son, 17 I will surely bless you and make your descendants as numerous as the stars in the sky and as the sand on the seashore. Your descendants will take possession of the cities of their enemies, 18 and through your offspring all nations on earth will be blessed, because you have obeyed me.’”
- 188.8.131.52 Hebrews 6:13-18
- 13 “When God made his promise to Abraham, since there was no one greater for him to swear by, he swore by himself, 14 saying, ‘I will surely bless you and give you many descendants.’ 15 And so after waiting patiently, Abraham received what was promised. 16 Men swear by someone greater than themselves, and the oath confirms what is said and puts an end to all argument. 17 Because God wanted to make the unchanging nature of his purpose very clear to the heirs of what was promised, he confirmed it with an oath. 18 God did this so that, by two unchangeable things in which it is impossible for God to lie, we who have fled to take hold of the hope offered to us may be greatly encouraged.”
- 184.108.40.206 Genesis 26:3-5 – (4th Promise - to Isaac)
- 3 “Stay in this land for a while, and I will be with you and will bless you. For to you and your descendants I will give all these lands and will confirm the oath I swore to your father Abraham. 4 I will make your descendants as numerous as the stars in the sky and will give them all these lands, and through your offspring all nations on earth will be blessed, 5 because Abraham obeyed me and did everything I required of him, keeping my commands, my decrees and my instructions.”
- 220.127.116.11 Genesis 28:14 – (5th Promise - to Jacob)
- “Your descendants will be like the dust of the earth, and you will spread out to the west and to the east, to the north and to the south. All peoples on earth will be blessed through you and your offspring.”
- 35.3 God’s Covenant people understood the promise given to Abraham to be the basis of God’s actions
- 35.3.1 Exodus 3:15
- “God also said to Moses, ‘Say to the Israelites, 'The Lord, the God of your fathers--the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac and the God of Jacob--has sent me to you.' This is my name forever, the name by which I am to be remembered from generation to generation.”
- 35.3.2 Deut. 28:9-10
- 9 “The Lord will establish you as his holy people, as he promised you on oath, if you keep the commands of the Lord your God and walk in his ways. 10 Then all the peoples on earth will see that you are called by the name of the Lord, and they will fear you.”
- 35.3.3 Joshua 4:24
- “He did this so that all the peoples of the earth might know that the hand of the Lord is powerful and so that you might always fear the Lord your God.”
- 35.3.4 1 Samuel 17:45-46
- 45 “David said to the Philistine, ‘You come against me with sword and spear and javelin, but I come against you in the name of the Lord Almighty, the God of the armies of Israel, whom you have defied. 46 This day the Lord will hand you over to me, and I'll strike you down and cut off your head. Today I will give the carcasses of the Philistine army to the birds of the air and the beasts of the earth, and the whole world will know that there is a God in Israel.’”
- 35.3.5 Psalm 67:7 “God will bless us, and all the ends of the earth will fear him.”
- 35.3.6 Psalm 72:17
- “May his name endure forever; may it continue as long as the sun. All nations will be blessed through him, and they will call him blessed.”
- 35.3.7 1 Kings 8:41-43
- 41 “As for the foreigner who does not belong to your people Israel but has come from a distant land because of your name-- 42 for men will hear of your great name and your mighty hand and your outstretched arm--when he comes and prays toward this temple, 43 then hear from heaven, your dwelling place, and do whatever the foreigner asks of you, so that all the peoples of the earth may know your name and fear you, as do your own people Israel, and may know that this house I have built bears your Name.”
- 35.3.8 1 Kings 8:59-60
- 59 “And may these words of mine, which I have prayed before the Lord, be near to the Lord our God day and night, that he may uphold the cause of his servant and the cause of his people Israel according to each day's need, 60 so that all the peoples of the earth may know that the Lord is God and that there is no other.”
- 35.4 The gospel has nations in its message 35.4.1 Galatians 3:8
- “The Scripture foresaw that God would justify the Gentiles by faith, and announced the gospel in advance to Abraham: ‘All nations will be blessed through you.’”
- 35.4.2 Luke 24:45-48
- 45 “Then he opened their minds so they could understand the Scriptures. 46 He told them, ‘This is what is written: The Christ will suffer and rise from the dead on the third day, 47 and repentance and forgiveness of sins will be preached in his name to all nations, beginning at Jerusalem. 48 You are witnesses of these things.’”
- 35.4.3 Romans 1:5
- “Through him and for his name's sake, we received grace and apostleship to call people from among all the Gentiles to the obedience that comes from faith.”
- 35.4.4 Romans 16:25-26
- 25 “Now to him who is able to establish you by my gospel and the proclamation of Jesus Christ, according to the revelation of the mystery hidden for long ages past, 26 but now revealed and made known through the prophetic writings by the command of the eternal God, so that all nations might believe and obey him—“
- 35.5 The Bible is a unified story of God bringing glory to His name by fulfilling His promise.
- 35.5.1 Rev. 5:9
- “And they sang a new song: ‘You are worthy to take the scroll and to open its seals, because you were slain, and with your blood you purchased men for God from every tribe and language and people and nation.’”
- 35.5.2 Rev. 7:9
- “After this I looked and there before me was a great multitude that no one could count, from every nation, tribe, people and language, standing before the throne and in front of the Lamb. They were wearing white robes and were holding palm branches in their hands.”
- 35.5.3 Matthew 8:11
- “I say to you that many will come from the east and the west, and will take their places at the feast with Abraham, Isaac and Jacob in the kingdom of heaven.”
Recognize te concept of a "people group" (that is similar to the Biblical concept of a "nation.") (Sect 36.1's Scholar's Corner Box)
- A "people group" is an ethnolinguistic group with a common
- self-identity that is shared by the various members. There are two parts to that word: ethno and linguistic. Language is a primary and dominant identifying factor of a people group. But there are other factors that determine or are associated with ethnicity.
Usually there is a common self-name and a sense of common identity of individuals identified with the group. A common history, customs, family and clan identities, as well as marriage rules and practices, age-grades and other obligation covenants, and inheritance patterns and rules are some of the common ethnic factors defining or distinguishing a people. What they call themselves may vary at different levels of identity, or among various sub-groups.
Recognize the description of an "unreached people group" (sect 36.1)
- 42 % of people groups (“nations”) are unreached.
- A people group is unreached if there is no indigenous community of believing Christians with adequate numbers and resources to evangelize this people group. Sociologists have recently researched what percentage of a population needs to be influenced to impact the whole group and the answer was 2%.
Recognize the description of the 10/40 Window (Section 36.6)
36.6 The largest number of unreached people groups live in the 10/40 Window.
36.6.1 The 10/40 Window includes the regions of the eastern hemisphere located between 10 and 40 degrees north of the equator.
36.6.2 The top 10 countries with the largest “unevangelized populations” are located in the 10/40 window. 85% of the world’s poorest of the poor live in the 10/40 window. 43 of the top 50 countries with the greatest persecution of Christians are also in the 10/40 window.
Recognize God's two primary methods for ensuring that nations are blessed (Sect 37.1 and 37.2)
37.1 God sends His people to the nations
37.2 God sends the nations to His people
Recognize the five ways that crossing cultures to share the gospel changes us (Sect 38)
38.1 It forces us to deal with prejudices (Acts 10:14)
38.2 It helps us to deal with fears (of our peers, not knowing what to do, defilement, not being understood, and motives)
38.3 It strikes a blow to the idea that missions is for the few (Galatians 2:7-8)
38.4 It helps us to depend on the Holy Spirit
38.5 It requires us to recognize the kingdom of God rather than nationalism
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