Mix seeds

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Author:
inanity
ID:
158173
Filename:
Mix seeds
Updated:
2012-06-11 10:03:45
Tags:
botany seeds
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Description:
Mix of seeds
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    • Arachis hypogea - Peanut
    • Fabaceae
    • Origin: South America
    • Use: Cooking oil, food industry, forage - cake, hay
    • Non-drying oil - 38-56%
    • Glycoproteins - allergenic agents, lectins
    • Cannabis sativa - Hemp
    • Cannabaceae
    • Origin: Central Asia
    • Use: Industrial oil (paint, soap), forage - cake
    • Drying oil - 30-35%, Cannabinoids (THC), Trigonellin alkaloid
    • Gossypium hirsutum - Cotton
    • Malvaceae
    • Origin: Near East
    • Use: Textile industry, oil, forage - cake
    • Semi-drying oil - 18-24%, Gosspypol - polyphenolic pigment (free - toxic for monogastric animals)
    • Symptoms: bleeding, respiratory and digestive system disorders, death. White of egg turns pink
    • Cucurbita pepo - Marrow
    • Origin: Mexico
    • Oil - 28-30%
    • Use: Livestock feed, oil and oil cake, human consumption
    • Triterpene saponin - cucurbitacin. Bitter taste, vomit, dysentery, salivation
    • Helianthus annuus - Sunflower
    • Asteraceae
    • Origin: Mexico/SW USA
    • Use: Cooking oil, seeds, Forage -seeds for bird and cake for pigs, Green forage, pollen production for honey bees.
    • Semi-drying oil 38-50% (linolic and linolenic acid)
    • Vitamin A D E K
    • Protein: 10-25%
    • Brassica napus conv. oleifera - oilseed rape
    • Brassicaceae
    • Origin: Mediterranean
    • Use: Cooking oil, forage - cake, green forage
    • Semi-drying oil - 38-50% (eikosenic acid, erucic acid - low growth rate and cardiac muscle deformities)
    • Glucosinolates - isothiocyanates - low iodine uptake/large thyroid gland
    • Sinapin 1-1.5% - bitter taste, phytic acid
    • Linum usitatissimum - Flax
    • Linaceae
    • Origin: Mediterranean
    • Use: clothes, oil varieties (pain), forage meal, medicinal
    • Drying oil - 37-42%
    • Linamarin, lotaustralin - cyanogenic glycosides
    • Ricinus communis - Castor bean
    • Euphorbiaceae
    • Origin: Africa
    • Use: Industrial oil, Forage - cake, Medicine - laxative
    • Non-drying oil - 45-50% (ricinolic acid)
    • Ricin - lectin-type protein, poisonous - inhibits protein synthesis
    • Ricinin alkaloid in oil, eliminiation of water
    • Abdominal pain, vomit, bleeding, inflamed kidney, necrosis of liver, dehydration, thirst, headache, low temperature, tremor, collapse, death
    • Glycine max - Soybean
    • Origin: East Asia
    • Use: nutrient for humans, forage - meal, oil cake, green plant - monogastric animals, oil plant
    • Protein - 35-44%, high lysine/low methionine and cysteine.
    • Antinutritives: tripsin and chymotripsin inhibitors, haemagglutinins, allergins (glycin), phytoestrogens
    • Elimination: cooking, roasting, heat and pressure, microwaves
    • Pisum sativum ssp. hortense - Garden pea
    • Origin: Western Asia
    • Use: Forage, Straw, Green manure, Human consumption
    • Rich in lysine, Protein - 25%
    • Low level of antinutritives
    • Sugar, vitamin C
    • Pisum sativum ssp. arvense - Field pea
    • Origin: Western Asia
    • Use: Forage, Straw, Green manure, Human consumption
    • Rich in lysine, 25% protein
    • Low antinutritives
    • Phaseolus vulgaris - Common bean
    • Origin: Tropical American
    • Use: human consumption
    • Starch - 50-57%
    • Protein - 20-28%
    • Low level antinutritives - haemagglutinins, trypsine, tannins
    • Phaseolus coccineus - Scarlet (Runner) bean
    • Origin: Tropical America
    • Use: human consumption
    • Lens culinaris - Lentils
    • Origin: West Asia, Mediterranean
    • Use: Human consumption, Straw
    • Protein - 25%
    • Carbs - 55%
    • Trypsine inhibitors, haemogglutinins
    • Lathyrus sativus - Indian pea
    • Origin: Mediterranean
    • Use: Forage, straw, green manure
    • Protein - 25-28%, high lysine
    • Low fat, high starch
    • Poisonous amino acids - Lathyrism - Osteo- and neurolathyrism
    • Skeletal deformities, weakness, paralysis
    • Lupinus albus - White lupin
    • Origin: Mediterranean
    • Protein: 38-42%
    • Oil: 5-10%
    • Quinolizidines - lupinosis - convulsion, difficulty breathing, liver disorders
    • Lupinus luteus - Yellow lupin
    • Origin: Mediterranean
    • Protein: 38-42% (more favourable composition than lupinus albus)
    • Quinolizidines - lupanin, lupinin - lupinosis
    • Respiratory difficulties, convulsions, liver disorders
    • Vicia faba - Field bean
    • Origin: Med, Afghanistan, Ethiopia
    • Use: Human consumption, forage, green forage
    • Protein - 23-27%
    • Vitamin E B
    • Antinutritives - tannins, inhibitors, vicin, convicin - Favism
    • Haemolytic disease - denaturation of haemoglobin
    • Anaemia, vomit, liver pain, bleeding of mucous membranes
    • Blood transfusion
    • Cicer arientinum - Chickpea
    • Origin: South-West Asia
    • Use: Human consumption, forage
    • Similar composition to pea, lower protein and higher fat
    • Antinutritives - amylase inhibitors, haemagglutinins, pholyphenols, tannins
    • Beta vulgaris convar crass provar altissima
    • Origin: Beta maritima - South and North Europe
    • Products: Leafy tops, sugar, beet slice, beet pulp, molasses, filter cake
    • Water - 80-90%
    • Carbs - 50-75% (starch, sucrose)
    • Low oil, Ca, P content, high K
    • Antinutritives - bacter (due to high water), fresh - laxative, unwashed -GI problems

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