Directional terms

Card Set Information

Author:
ngmai1223
ID:
158180
Filename:
Directional terms
Updated:
2012-06-11 11:25:23
Tags:
anatomy
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Description:
describing body parts
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  1. Superior
    • Cranial
    • Toward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body
    • Above
    • Ex: The head is superior to the abdomen.
  2. Inferior
    • Caudal
    • Away from the head end or toward the ower part of a structure or the body
    • Below
    • Ex: The navel is inferior to the chin
  3. Anterior
    • Ventral
    • Toward or at the front of the body
    • In front of
    • Ex: The breastbone is anterior to the spine
  4. Posterior
    • Dosal
    • Toward or at the back of the body
    • Behind
    • Ex: The heart is posterior to the breastbone
  5. Medial
    • Toward or at the midline of the body
    • On the inner side of
    • Ex: The heart is medial to the arm
  6. Lateral
    • Away from the midline of the body
    • On the outer side of
    • Ex: The arms are lateral to the chest
  7. Proximal
    • Closer to the orifin of the body part or the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk
    • Ex: The elbow is proximal to the wrist
  8. Distal
    • Farther from the orifin of a body part
    • The point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk
    • Ex: The knee is distal to the thigh
  9. Superficial
    • External
    • Toward or at the body surface
    • Ex: The skin is superficial to the skeletal muscles.
  10. Deep
    • Internal
    • Away from the body surface;
    • More internal
    • Ex: The lungs are deep to the skin
  11. Ipsilateral
    • On the same side
    • Ex: the right hand and right foot are ipsilateral
  12. Contralateral
    • On opposite sides
    • Ex: The right hand and left foot are contralateral
  13. Supine
    face up
  14. Prone
    face down

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