Other seeds

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Author:
inanity
ID:
158188
Filename:
Other seeds
Updated:
2012-06-14 07:45:18
Tags:
botany seeds
Folders:

Description:
Cereals and forage legums
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    • Avena sativa - Oat
    • Origin: Cold, moist parts of Europe
    • Young cultivar, weed of wheat
    • Use: Human nutrition, oat flake, meal, flour, forage - breeding animals, horses
    • Morphology: 2 fertile, 1 sterile flower
    • High protein, good amino acid, full of vitamins
    • Hordeum - Barley
    • Origin: Nile delta, then across Balkan peninsula
    • distichon - Beer
    • vulgare - animals - high protein, low CH
    • vulgare ssp hexastichon - human nutrition - bread, mush, forage
    • Oryza sativa - Asian (paddy) rice
    • Origin: Asian and subtropical zone
    • High carb and energy, lower Protein but good quality, very digestible.
    • Good parts removed
    • Beri beri - vitamin deficiency
    • Secale cereale - Rye
    • Origin: Asia minor
    • Use: fodder, bread
    • Ergot bodies - claviceps purpurea - Ergotism
    • Triticosecale - Triticale
    • Origin: Germany
    • Very tolerant of variety of soils and climates
    • Chemical composition better than wheat
    • Zea mays convar. dentiformis - Dent corn
    • Origin: Mexico, Peru-Bolivia
    • Floury endosperm in the middle
    • Zea mays conv. microsperma - Popcorn
    • Origin: Mexico, Peru-Bolivia
    • Think and dence protein covers endosperm
    • Zea mays conv. saccharatum - Sweet corn
    • Origin: Mexico, Peru-Bolivia
    • High sugar and water
    • Wrinkled
    • Zea mays conv. vulgaris - Flint corn
    • Origin: Mexico, Peru-Bolivia
    • Hard endosperm, mainly human consumption
    • Panicum miliaceum - Common millet
    • Origin: very old
    • Short growing season, Warm demand
    • Photosynthesis: C4 type
    • Use: Forage plant for poultry, straw for sheep (used to be human consumption)
    • Photosensitisation
    • Setaria italiaca - Foxtail (Italian) millet
    • Origin: very old (Eastern and Central Asia)
    • Easy care, drought resistant, short season, C4 type photosynthesis
    • Use: Human consumption, feed for livestock and birds, hay and silage
    • Sorghum bicolor - Grain sorghum
    • Origin: Africa (India, China, Near East, USA)
    • C4 type photosynthesis, drought resistant
    • Use: Forage, grazing, silage
    • Cyanogenic glycosides - dhurrin
    • Sorghum sudanense - Sudan grass
    • Origin: Africa
    • Use: Forage, grazing, silage
    • Cyanogenic glycosides - dhurrin - HCN poisoning
    • Fagopyrum esculentum - Buckwheat
    • Polygonaceae
    • Origin: Middle and East Asia
    • Short growing season, drought resistant
    • Use: ancient mush plant, today forage plant
    • Fagopyrin pigmen - photosensitisation
    • Amaranthus caudatus
    • Amaranthus
    • Origin: Latin America
    • Drought resistant
    • Use: mush, bread, forage, green plant
    • Good amino acid composition, high lysine, low NO3
    • Medicago sativa - Alfalfa
    • Origin: Persian
    • Mediterranean -> USA
    • Use: Fresh green plant, Hay, haylage, silage, meal
    • Antinutrives: Saponins, lectins (photosensitisation)
    • Bitter taste of milk, bloating
    • Trifolium pratense - Red clover
    • Origin: West - Mediterranean
    • Use: Forage, haylage, silage
    • Antinutritives: Estrogenic substances - coumestrol, isoflavens
    • Bloating, Trifoliosis - secondary photosensitisation
    • Trifolium repens - White clover
    • Origin: Mediterranean
    • Use: Excellen grazing plant
    • Antinutritive: Cyanogenic glycosides - linamarin, lotaustralin - low concentration
    • Bloating, Trifoliosis
    • Onobrychis viciifolia - Sainforn
    • Origin: Middle and Southern Europe
    • Non-bloating
    • Lotus corniculatus - Birdsfoot trefoil
    • Origin: South Eurasia
    • Forage legume
    • Antinutritive: Cyanogenic glycosides, Tannins, Saponins
    • Non-bloating
    • Claviceps purpurea - Ergot body
    • Ergot alkaloids
    • Medicinal - small amount contract non-striated muscle
    • Ergotism: Grangrenosus - low persistant dose, mumification
    • Convulsivus - High temporary dose, headache, spasm, GI symptoms, death

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