Medical Terminology: Prefixes Roots, and Suffixes

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Medical Terminology: Prefixes Roots, and Suffixes
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2012-06-12 16:17:22
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  1. A- or AB-
    Away, lack of: abnormal, departing from normal
  2. A- or AN-
    From, without: asepsis, without infection
  3. ACR-
    An extremity: acrodermatitis, a dermatitis of the limbs
  4. Ad-
    To, toward, near: adrenal, near the kidney
  5. ADEN-
    Gland: adenitis, inflammation of a gland
  6. ALG-
    Pain: Neuralgi, pain extending along nerves
  7. AMBI-
    Both: ambidextrous, referring to both hands
  8. ANTE-
    Before: antenatal, occurring or having been formed before birth
  9. ANTI-
    Against: antiseptic, against or preventing sepsis
  10. ARTH-
    Joint: arthritis, inflammation of a joint
  11. AUTO-
    Self: autointoxication, poisoning by toxin generated in the body
  12. BI- or BIN-
    Two: binocular, pertaining to both eyes
  13. BIO-
    Life: Biopsy, inspection of living organisms ( or tissues )
  14. BLAST-
    Bud, a growing thing in early stages: Blastocyte, beginning cell not yet differentiated
  15. BLEPH-
    eyelids: blepharitis, inflammation of an eyelid
  16. BRACHI-
    Arm: brachialis, muscle for flexing forearm
  17. BRACHY-
    Short: brachydactylia, abnormal shortness of fingers and toes
  18. BRADY-
    Slow: bradycardia, abnormal slowness of heartbeat
  19. BRONCH-
    Windpipe: bronchiectasis, dilation of bronchial tubes
  20. BUCC-
    Cheek: buccally, toward the cheek
  21. CARCIN-
    Cancer: carcinogenic, producing cancer
  22. CARDI-
    Heart: cardialgia, pain in the heart
  23. CEPHAL- or CEPHALO-
    Head: cephalic measurements
  24. CHEIL-
    Lip: cheilitis, inflammation of the lip
  25. CHOLE-
    Bile: cholecyst, the gallbladder
  26. CHONDR-
    Cartilage: chondrectomy, removal of a cartilage
  27. CIRCUM-
    Around: circumocular, around the eyes
  28. CLEID-
    Clabicle: cleidocostal, pertaining to clavicle and ribs
  29. COLP-
    Vagina: colporrhagia, vaginal hemorrhage
  30. CONTRA-
    Against, opposed: contraindication, indication opposing usually indicated treatment
  31. COST-
    Rib: intercostal, between the ribs
  32. COUNTER-
    Against: counterirritation, an irritation to relieve some other irritation
  33. CRANI-
    Skull: craniotomy, surgical opening in skull
  34. CRYPT-
    Hidden: cryptogenic, of hidden or unknown origin
  35. CUT-
    Skin: subcutaneous, under the skin
  36. CYST-
    Sac or bladder: cystitis, inflammation of any bladder
  37. CYTO-
    Cell: cytology, scientific study of cells; cytometer, a device for couting and measuring cells
  38. DACRY-
    Lacrimal glands: dacryocyst, tear-sac
  39. DERM- or DERMAT-
    Skin: dermatoid, skinlike
  40. DI-
    Two: diphasic, occurring in two stages or phases
  41. DIS-
    Apart: disarticulation, taking a joint apart
  42. DYS-
    Pain or difficulty: Dyspepsia, impairment of digestion
  43. ECTO-
    Outside: ectoretina, outermost layer of retina
  44. EM- or EN-
    In: encapsulated, enclosed in a capsule
  45. ENCEPHAL-
    Brain: encephalitis, inflammation of the brain
  46. END-
    Within: endothelium, layer of cells lining heart, and blood and lymph vessels
  47. ENTERO-
    Intestine: enterrosis, falling of intestine
  48. EPI-
    Above or on: epdiermis, outermost layer of skin
  49. ERYTHRO-
    Red: erythrocyte, red blood cell
  50. EU-
    Well: euphoria, well feeling, feeling of good health
  51. EX- or E-
    Out: excretion, material thrown out of the body or the organ
  52. EXO-
    Outside: extramural, situated or occurring outside a wall
  53. EXTRA-
    Outside: extramural, situated or occurring outside a wall
  54. FEBRI-
    Fever: febrile, feverish
  55. GALACTO-
    Milk: galactose, a milk sugar
  56. GASTR-
    Stomach: gastrectomy, excision of the stomach
  57. GLOSS-
    Tongue: glossectomy, surgical removal of tongue
  58. GLYCO-
    Sugar: glycosuria, sugar in the urine
  59. GYNEC-
    Women: gynecology, science of diseases pertaining to women
  60. HEM- or HEMAT-
    Blood: hermatopoiesis, forming of blood
  61. HEMI-
    Half: herminphrectomy, excision of half the kidney
  62. HEPAT-
    Liver: hepatitis, inflammation of the liver
  63. HETERO-
    Other ( opposite of homo )
  64. HIST-
    Tissue
  65. HOMO-
    Same
  66. HYDR-
    Water
  67. HYPER-
    Above, excess of
  68. HYPO-
    Under, deficiency of
  69. HYSTER-
    Uterus
  70. IDIO- Self or seperate
  71. IM- or IN-
    In
  72. IM- or IN-
    Not: Immature, not mature
  73. INFRA-
    Below: infraorbital, below theorbit
  74. INTER-
    Between
  75. INTRA-
    Within
  76. KERAT-
    Horn, cornea
  77. LACT-
    Milk
  78. LEUK-
    White
  79. MACRO-
    Large
  80. MAST-
    Breast
  81. MEG- or MEGAL-
    Great: megacolon
  82. MENT-
    Mind: dementia
  83. MER-
    Part: merotomy, division into segments
  84. MESA-
    Middle
  85. META-
    Beyond, over, change:
  86. MICRO-
    Small
  87. MY-
    Muscle
  88. MYC-
    Fungi
  89. NECRO-
    Corpse, dead
  90. NEO-
    New
  91. NEPH-
    Kidney
  92. NEURO-
    Nerve
  93. ODONT-
    Tooth
  94. OLIG-
    Little
  95. OO-
    Egg
  96. OOPHOR-
    Ovary
  97. ORTHO-
    straight, normal
  98. OPHTHALM-
    Eye
  99. OSS-
    Bone
  100. OSTE-
    Bone
  101. OT-
    Ear
  102. OVAR-
    Ovary
  103. PARA-
    Irregular, around, wrong
  104. PATH-
    Disease
  105. PED-
    Children
  106. PED-
    Feet
  107. PER-
    Through, excessively
  108. PERI-
    Around, immediately around
  109. PHIL-
    Love
  110. PHLEB-
    Vein
  111. PHOB-
    Fear
  112. PNEUM- or PNEUMON-
    Lung
  113. POLIO-
    Grey
  114. POLY-
    Many
  115. POST-
    After
  116. PRE-
    Before
  117. PRO-
    Before
  118. PROCT-
    Rectum
  119. PSEUDO-
    False
  120. PSYCH-
    Soul or mind
  121. PY-
    Pus
  122. PYEL-
    Pelvis
  123. RACH-
    Spine
  124. REN-
    Kidney
  125. RETRO-
    Backward
  126. RHIN-
    Nose
  127. SALPING-
    A tube
  128. SEMI-
    Half
  129. SEPTIC-
    Poison
  130. SOMAT-
    Body
  131. STA-
    Make stand
  132. STEN-
    Narrow
  133. SUB-
    Under
  134. SUPER-
    above, excessively
  135. SUPRA-
    Above, on:
  136. SYM- or SYN-
    With, together
  137. TACHY-
    Fast
  138. TENS-
    Stretch
  139. THERM-
    Heat
  140. TOX- or TOXIC-
    Poison
  141. TRACHE-
    Trachea
  142. TRANS-
    Across
  143. TRI-
    Three
  144. TRICH-
    Hair
  145. UNI-
    One
  146. VAS-
    Vessel
  147. ZOO-
    Animal

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