Social Studies Final

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Social Studies Final
2012-06-12 17:10:37
Social Studies

Social Studies Final Review
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  1. What is a secondary source? Give an example.
    • A second hand account about primary sources which is not from the time period being studied. They may include quotes or pictures of primary sources in them.
    • Example: Social Studies Textbook
  2. What are the positive and negative effects the Columbian Exchange had on America?
    • Positive - New food such as corn and potatoes became a part of people's everyday diet throughout the world, which helped people live longer and have healthier lives. Also, animals such as horses, cattle, and pigs were introduced.
    • Negative - Diseases such as chicken pox, small pox, and measles led to the death of millions of Native Americans. Weapons would eventually led to the death of many Native Americans.
  3. What was the Columbian Exchange?
    The transfer of foods, plants, ideas, people, and animals during the colonization of the Americas to and from Europe, Asia, and Africa. (New World and Old World)
  4. What is propaganda?
    Bending the truth in order to change someone's opinion.
  5. What is a primary source? Give an example.
    • A first hand account, original document, or artifact that is taken from the time period being studied. These offer an inside view to the time being studied.
    • Example: Diary of a soldier from World War II
  6. Explain Popular Soveriegnty:
    People in the state would vote on being a free or slave state.
  7. Who was Dred Scott?
    A slave who tried to free himself and his wife but failed. He took his case to the Supreme Court and lost, because it was decided that he was not a citizen and therefore could not sue.
  8. What types of goods effected how the Native Americans battled the Europeans?
    Native Americans didn't have guns or horses, which gave Europeans an advantage.
  9. What was the Boston Massacre? Who was the first to die?
    • An angry crowd of workers and sailors surrounded a small group of soldiers. They instigated the soldiers (redcoats) and the soldiers fired into the crowd, killing 5 and wounding 6.
    • Paul Revere created a portrait for propaganda.
    • The first person to die was an african american named Crispus Attucks.
  10. Who were the Patriots and what did they believe in?
    Colonists who favored independence and were willing to fight for it.
  11. Why was the Great Compromise so important?
    The senate benefitted smaller states by giving equal representation to each state, and the House of Representatives benefitted larger states by basing the number of members per state on population.
  12. Who were the Federalists and the Anti-Federalists?
    • The Federalists favored a strong central government. They are today's democrats.
    • The Anti-Federalists favored a weak central government and were afraid a strong central government would only benefit the Congress, not the people.
  13. What was the purpose of Lincoln's "House Divided" Speech?
    To show the world that a country divided amongst itself will not function.
  14. Explain Sectionalism.
    Loyalty to one's region over the country.
  15. Who were Lewis and Clark and who guided them?
    • Meriwether Lewis was Thomas Jefferson's private secretary.
    • William Clark was a tough fighter and army captain.
    • Lewis and Clark were chosen to explore the New Territory.
    • They were led by Sacajawea.
  16. Explain Manifest Destiny.
    The destiny of the United States to expand from the Atlantic to the Pacific.
  17. What advantages did the North have during the Civil War?
    • The North had more people to fight.
    • The South had to rely on crops for food but the North could burn down Southern Plantations.
    • The North had a proven, working government.
    • The North had railroads to transfer people, communicate, and ship goods.
    • The North had factories to produce weapons.
  18. What did the North and South economies depend on?
    • North - Factories
    • South - Agriculture
  19. Where did early colonists settle?
    Along the east coast near oceans and rivers.
  20. Who won the election of 1860?
    Abraham Lincoln
  21. What was the 3/5ths Compromise?
    • Every 5 slaves would be counted towards the population as 3 people.
    • Congress could not tax exports.
    • The import of slaves would end in 1808.
  22. What are the three branches of government and what do they do?
    • Legislative: Consists of House of Representatives and Senate. They make and pass laws, declare war, levy taxes, approve treaties, and regulate trade.
    • Executive: Consits of President and Cabinet. They enforce laws, are commander and cheif of the army, nominate judges to the Supreme Court, and grant pardons.
    • Judicial: Consits of Supreme Court and lower courts. The Supreme Court declares laws unconstitutional, hold cases of impeachment, and deals with law cases.
  23. Why was the Louisiana Purchase so important and who did we buy it from?
    • It doubled the size of teh U.S.
    • It was purchased from France.
  24. What was the immediate cause of teh Civil War and where did it begin?
    The firing at Fort Sumter, South Carolina.
  25. How did the slave trade change in 1808?
    Congress stopped the import of slaves.
  26. How did America's view of Jackson change over time?
    He said he'd support the common man, but ended up only supporting his beliefs.
  27. What was the Trail of Tears? Who authorized it?
    The Trail of Tears was the trail the Native Americans had to follow when relocating and many died on the trail. Jackson authorized it.
  28. What issue did the Missouri Compromise of 1820 and the Compromise of 1850 try to solve?
  29. Why was the Monroe Doctrine so important?
    It was a law stating that no one from the Eastern Hemisphere (Europe) can try to colonize the Western Hemisphere (North America).
  30. What was the purpose of Uncle Tom's Cabin and who wrote it?
    • It showed the horrors of slavery.
    • It was written by Harriet Beecher Stowe.
  31. What is the signigicance of July 4th?
    It was the day that Congress officially approved the Declaration of Independence.
  32. What did Washington warn the Nation of in his Farewell Address and why did he do this?
    • He warned teh nation that political parties will eventually split the contry in half.
    • To stay seperated from Europe and its frequent wars.
  33. What advantages did the South have in the Civil War?
    • They're leader, Jefferson Davis, had better military experience than Abraham Lincoln.
    • Most of the war would be fought in the South, so they knew the territory.
    • They didn't have to go on offense.
    • The generals had more military experience.