world history

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world history
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2012-06-12 19:41:43
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world history final exam
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world history
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  1. what was the main economic activity in new france?
    A.finding gold and spices
    B. finding religious freedom
    C. creating long-term colonial investments
    D.building a fur trade
    D.building a fur trade
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  2. why did europeans see africans as a better a source of labor than native americans?
    A. africans had complete immunity to all diseases, so they wouldn't die off
    B. africans had no experience in farming, so they wouldn't try to do things their way
    C. africans were strangers in the americas, so they wouldn't have allies or places to hide
    D. africans were already christrians, so they didn't have to be converted
    C. africans were strangers in the americas, so they wouldn't have allies or places to hide
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  3. what was the purpose of most of the purpose of most of the joint-stock companies of the 1500s and 1600s?
    A. funding the digging of gold mines
    B. paying for the building of slave ships
    C. financing wars in afria
    D. funding colonies in the americaas
    D. funding colonies in the americas
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  4. where in the americas did christopher columbus land first?
    A. an island in the caribbean sea
    B. the southern tip of south america
    C. the coast of what is today panama
    D. the eastern coast of north america
    A. an island in the caribbean sea
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  5. what did the encomienda system provide for new spain?
    A. military protection
    B. more land
    C. more settlers
    D. a cheap labor source
    D. a cheap labor source
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  6. how did slavery in afican and muslim societies differ from slavery in the americas?
    A. slavery in the americas was based on race and was hereditary
    B. the slavery in africa and muslim societies was based primarily on race
    C. people in african and muslim societies could not escape their slavery
    D. enslaved people in african and muslim societies could not rise socially
    A. slavery in the americas was based on race and was hereditary
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  7. how was africa affected by the atlantic slave trade?
    A. kings were able to stop rebellious with the firearms they received in trade
    B. many cultures lost their fittest members, and families were torn apart
    C. all african countries prospered from the trade and grew to be world powers
    D. african civilizations because safer because they captured and traded away their crimminals
    B. many cultures lost their fittest members, and families were torn apart
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  8. what concept was the belief in "divine right" used to support?
    A. waging war for religious purposes
    B. separtation of church and state
    C. absolute rule
    D. freedom of religion
    C. absolute rule
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  9. which war sparked by religious conflict and resulted in the increased power of france, the weakening of spain and austria, and the devastation of germany?
    A. the thirty years war
    B. the seven years' war
    C. the war of the austrian succession
    D. the war of the spanish succession
    A. the thirty years war
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  10. which of the following did the glorious revolution bring to englands throne?
    A. james I
    B. james II
    C. charles I
    D. william and mary
    D. william and mary
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  11. by the end of the 1600s, what had englands system of government beome?
    A. a consitutional democracy
    B. a military dictorship
    C. an absolute monarchy
    D. a consitutional monarchy
    D. a constitutional monarchy
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  12. what king became frances most powerful ruler and boasted "I am state"?
    A. henry IV
    B. henry II
    C. louis IX
    D. louis XIV
    D. louis XIV
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  13. european monarchs because abolute rulers in response to which of the following?
    A. heavy tax burdens that were levied to support trade and colonial growth
    B. the increase size of courts and new government bureacracies
    C. the growth and increased power of nobilities and representative bodies
    D. religious and territorial conflicts that cause warfare and revolts
    D. religious and territorial conflicts that cause warfare and revolt
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  14. after the northen dutch gained their freedom from spain, what type of government did the united provinces of the netherlands establish?
    A. an absolute monarchy
    B. a consitutional monarchy
    C. a republic
    D. a military dictatorship
    C. a republic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  15. which of the following did the restoration "restore" to power in england?
    A. the king who had been overthown in the civil war
    B. the catholics
    C. the monarchy, as an insitution
    D. parliament
    C. the monarchy, as an insitution
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  16. what did frederick the great believe a ruler should be?
    A. a military commander
    B. all-powerful and unrelenting
    C. suspicious of his advisers
    D. a father to his people
    D. a father to his people
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  17. what was peter the great the first russian ruler to make an effort to do?
    A. add territory to the russian state
    B. organize and utilize a secret police force
    C. westernize russia
    D. reduce the power of the nobles
    C. westernize russia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  18. which of the following reflects the chronological order of events in english history?
    A. the english civil war-the glorious revolution-the restoration
    B. the restoration-the english civil war- the glorious revolution
    C. the english civil war-the restoration-the glorious revolution
    D. the glorious revolution-the restoration- the english civil war
    C. the english civil war-the restoration- the glorious revolution
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  19. what problem helped to weaken the spanish empire?
    A. spain developed a highly influential middle calss and lsot its nobility
    B. spanish kings refused to declare bankruptcy or repay their debts
    C. spain experienced a period of severe inflation and heavy taxes
    D. spanish kings borrowed money from england and fance to finance wars
    C. spain experienced a period of severe inflation and heavy taxes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  20. what was the significance of the english bill of rights?
    A. it made it clear the limits of royal pwoer
    B. it established the group of government ministers known as the cabinet
    C. it resored power to the monarch
    D. it allowed for the bloodless overthrow of king james II
    A. it made clear the limits of royal power
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  21. how did the puritans finaly win the english civil war?
    A. cromwell stormed the castle and seized charles I
    B. cromwell killed charles I and appointed himself dictator
    C. cromwell won support of parliament and was appointed dictator
    D. cromwells army defeated the royalists, and puritans held the king prisoner
    D. cromwells army defeated the royalists, and puritans held the king prisoner
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  22. the heliocentric or sun-centered, theory was proposed by
    A. galileo galilei
    B. isaac newton
    C. francis bacon
    D. nicolaus copernicus
    D. niclaus copernicus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  23. francis bacon helped to develop
    A. the barometer
    B. the scientific method
    C. the microscope
    D. the law of the pendulum
    B. the scientific methos
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  24. isaac newton explained the
    A. chemical composition of matter
    B. anatomy of the human body
    C. law of universal gravitation
    D. function of blood vessels
    C. law of universal gravtiation
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  25. which of the following did the enlightenment promote
    a. a belief in progress
    b. a more secular outlook
    c. faith in science
    d. all of the above
    all of the above
  26. which of the follwoing men contradicted the ideas in the U.S. consitution
    A. thomas hobbes
    B. denis diderot
    C. baron de montesquieu
    D. john locke
    A. thomas hobbes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  27. which of the following did the censors of the catholic church ban?
    A. the encyclopedia
    B. tom jones
    C. don giovanni
    d. all of the above
    A. the engyclopedia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  28. which of the following were cause by the scientific revolution?
    A. reliance on ancient authorities to explain the physical world
    B. the assumption that the human body was simlilar to the anatomy of other animals
    C. improvements in medicine and scientific instruments
    D. the belief that the earth was unmoving obejct at the center of the universe
    C. improvements in medicine and scientific instruments
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  29. how did the declaration of independence embody enlightenment ideals?
    A. it protected the rights of the accused and prohibited cruel punishment
    B. it said that people have rights of life,liberty, and the pursuit of happiness
    C. it set up a system of checks and balances for the U.S. government
    D. it stated that all titles of nobility should be abolished
    B. it said that people have rights of life,liberty, and the pursuit of happiness
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  30. before 1700, spain governed its american colonies through a system of
    A. independent merchants
    B. written consitutions
    C. appointed administrators
    D. chartered companies
    E. elected presidents
    C. appointed administrators
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  31. which of the following is most likely to have influenced eighteenth-century population trends in both europe and china?
    A. the rise of parliamentary governments
    B. improvement in surgical procedures
    C. innovation in birth control measures
    D. a sharp decline in average global temperatures
    E. introduction of western hemisphere crops
    E. intrudction of western hemisphere crops
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  32. which of the following most accurately descibes the polictical system of the dutch republic of the seventeenth century?
    A. control by feudal lords
    B. popular democracy
    C. rule by a absolute monarch
    e. rule by yeoman farmers
    C. rule by an abolute monarch
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  33. galileo was found guilty of hersy and condemned by the iquisition on the grounds that he
    A. publicly advocated coupernicus heliocentric system
    B. left the roman catholic church and because a protestant
    C. used his telescope to explore the heavens
    D. actively supported the gallican cause in france against papal supremacy
    E. discovered the law of universal gravitation
    A. publicly advocated coupernicus heliocentric system
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  34. english entrepreneuers financed the establishment of new world colonies primarily through
    A. profits received from prate activities and attacts on spanish fleets
    B.private funds from the creation of joint-stock companies
    C. subsidies and loans from the royal family
    D. investment funds from european national banks
    E. money and materials borrowed from the dutch
    B.private funds from the creation of joint-stock companies
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  35. which of the following is most characteristics of voltairs ideas
    A. the general will is the ideal basis for good government
    B. empiricism and religious tolerance are to be celebrated
    C. sensory experience can never be verified
    D. the branches of government should be balanced
    E. future progress is inevitable and limitless
    B. empiricism and religious tolerance are to be celebrated
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  36. a primary goal of philip II of spain was to
    A. greate a monarchy accessible to the people
    B. maintain spanish conrol of the netherlands
    C. strenghten the spanish economy
    D. grant toleration to religious minorities
    E. reunite the spanish and austrian hapburg empires
    B. maintain spanish conrol of the netherlands
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  37. which of the following best helps to expain the economic and political decline of spain during the seventeenth century
    A. the extension of the empires commitments beyond its resources
    B. the advocacy of religious toleration by the spanish rulers to promote the immigration of non-catholic groups into spain
    C. the secret treaty between england and france to embargo the ports of the iberian peninsula
    D. the collective security measures implementred by cardinal richelieu in order to prevent the spread of catholicism
    E. the extensive battles waged in iberian peninsula between the imperial forces and various coalitions of protestants
    A. the extension of the empires commitments beyond its resources
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. jean-jacques rousseau differed significantly from other enlightenment philosophes in his
    A. belief in traditional religous customes
    B. belief in determinism
    C. emphasis on emotion and his admiration for nature
    D. emphasis on the importance of science to social progress
    E. belief in the divine right of kings
    C. emphasis on emotion and his admiration for nature
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. "kings are justly called gods for that they exercise a manner of resemblance of divine power upon earth"
    which of the following was most likely to agree with this statment
    A. sir thomas more
    B. napolian III of france
    C. pope pius IX
    D. george III of england
    E. james I of england
    E. james I of england
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. the leading economic center of early seventeenth century europe was
    A. london
    B.hamgurg
    C. rome
    D. prague
    E. amsterdam
    E. amsterdam
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. the columbian exchang einvolved which of the following new connections in the era 1450-1750?
    A. european technology to africa; western hemisphere populaiton to africa; african food to the western hemisphere
    B. western hemisphere technology to africa; african food to europe;european population to western hemisphere
    C. europrean food to the western hemisphere; western hemisphere diseases to europe;african population europe
    D. african population to the western hemisphere; western hemisphere food to europe and africa; african and european diseases to the western hemisphere
    D. african population to the western hemisphere; western hemisphere food to europe and africa; african and european diseases to the western hemisphere
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. protuguese commercail expansion overseas in the sixteeth century resulted in
    A. military conflicts with arab explorers over the religious conversation of indigenous people
    B. the discovery of the christian ruler of ethiopia, prester john
    C. the destruction of the dutche east india company
    D. seizure of muslim coastal forts to serve as portuguese trading posts and military bases
    E. the sacking of istanbul by portuguese explorers
    D. seizure of muslim coastal forts to serve as portuguese trading posts and military bases
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. which of the following best descibes the french edict of nantes(1598)?
    A. it signaled the end of the french territorial expansion for a century
    B. it provided limited political and religious liberties for french huguenots
    C. it led to fifty years of violent peasant rebellious
    D. it led to the esblishemtn of french colonies in north america
    E. it granted legal equality to all classes in france
    B. it provided limited political and religious liberties for french huguenots
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  44. about what percentage for frances population belonged ot the thirtd eestate?
    A.98
    B.10
    C.50
    D.1
    A. 98
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  45. what happened on july 14, bastille day?
    A. roberspirre was executed by guillotine
    B. french women marched all the way to versailles
    C. a mob stormed a prison looking for gunpowder
    d. all of the above are true
    C. a mob stormed a prison looking for gunpowder
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  46. which document stated that "men are born and remain free and equal in rights"?
    A. declaration of independence
    B. declaration of the rights of men
    C. holy alliance
    D. napoleonic code
    B. declaration of the rights of man
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  47. what was napoleon able to accomplish during peace time?
    a. he set up government-run public schools
    b. he set up a comprehensive system of laws
    c. he established a fairer tax code
    d. all of the above are true
    d. all of the above are true
  48. who was the most influential leader at the congress of vienna?
    A. emperor francis I of austria
    B. prince klemens von metternich of austria
    C. king frderick william III of prussia
    D. Czar alexander I of russia
    B. prince kelmens von metternich of austria
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  49. why did the national assembly lose the support of many french peasents?
    A. it adapted "a declaration of the rights of man of the citizen"
    B. it made peasants and noblemen equals
    C. it taxed the bourgeoisie
    D. it took away the catholic churchs lands and independence
    D. it took away the catholic churchs lands and independence
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  50. which group imposed the reign of terror
    A. the kings swiss guard
    B. the second coalition
    C. the committee of public safety
    D. the nataionl assembly
    C. the committee of public safety
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  51. how did great britatin react to the continental system?
    A. it invaded france
    B. it negotiated a peace agreement with france
    C. it organized its own blockade
    D. it formed an alliance with austria and prussia
    C. it organized its own blockade
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  52. what strategy did Czar alexander I used to defeat at napoleon in russia?
    A. scorched-earth policy
    B. frontal attack
    C. guns and cannons
    D. endless negotiations
    A. schorched-earth policy
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  53. what did klemens von metternich NOT want to accomplish at the congress of vienna?
    A. create the beginnings of a european democracy
    B. create a balance of power in europe
    C. strengthen coutries surrounding france to prevent future french agression
    D. restore europes royal families to their thrones
    A. create the beginning of a european democracy
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  54. what was one important effect resulting from the political changes made at the congress of vienna?
    A. russia and russia joined forces to control france
    B. france managed to retain control over the netherlands
    C. nationalistic feelings grew in countires placed under foreign rule
    D. monarchs in austria, russia, and prussia agreed to share power with elected officials
    C. nationalistic feelings grew in countires placed under foreign rule
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  55. the independence movement in latin america was spearheaded by
    A. the creoles
    B. the peninsulares
    C. the mutattos
    D. the spanish
    A. the creoles
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  56. in the early 19th century europe, the liberals wanted
    A. to limit the influence of business leaders and merchants
    B. the protect the traditional monarchies of europe
    C. to give more power to elected parliaments
    D. to abolish formal government and replace it with anarchy
    C. to give more power to elected parliaments
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  57. in the 1860s the expansion of prussia was achieved under the leadership of
    A. king victor emmanuel II
    B. giuseppe garibaldi
    C. otto von bismarck
    D. frederick william IV
    C. otto von bismarck
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  58. camillo di cavour expanded piedmont-sardinias power and also
    A. conquered part of france
    B. took control of venetia
    C. unified italy
    b. all of the above
    C. unified italy
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  59. which of the following men led a revolt of enslaved africans in saint domingue?
    A. giuseppe garibaldi
    B.jose de san martin
    C. toussaint L'Ouverture
    D. jose maria morelos
    C. toussaint L'Ouverture
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  60. which of the following was probably NOT influenced by nationalism during the 1800s?
    A. an empire that crumble into independant states
    B. groups uniteing against an oppressive monarchy
    C. an empire granting long-neded social reforms
    D. groups accepting a long-established form of government
    D. groups accepting a long-established form of government
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  61. which of the following statements who otto von bismarck probably NOT agree with?
    A. manufacturing political "incidents" is acceptable if it achieves a worthy goal
    B. it is the destiny of the weak to be devoured by the strong
    C. a ruler should never violate the constitution of his or her country
    D. military force should be used to achieve political gain
    D. military force should be used to achieve political gain
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  62. by 1871 there was shift in power in europe, which nation changed?
    A. prussia became germany
    B. britatin replaced germany
    C. germany replaced france
    D. italy replaced prussia
    A. prussia because germany
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  63. which of the following peopl would most likely have been a radical in the 1800s?
    A. a nobleman who is related to his countrys king
    B. a poor student who has read extensively about democracy
    C. a prosperous land owner who owns less than 10000 acres
    D. a wealthy buisness man who wants to give his countrys parliament more power
    B. a poor student who has read extensively about democracy
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  64. which of the following led to the formation of the second reich?
    A. friendly diplomatic relations with france
    B. the power of the german parliament
    C. ruthless leadership
    d. all of the above
    C. ruthless leadership
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  65. what was the industrial revolution?
    A. a widspread use of teenangers as factory laboreres who worked 14 hour days, 6 days a week
    B. increased populations of urban areas during the 1800s
    C. increased purchases of land by wealthy landowners to cultivate larger fields
    D. increased output of machine-made goods that began in england during the 18th-century
    D. increased output of machine-made goods that began in england during the 18th-century
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  66. which of the following was a result of the agricultural revolution?
    a. many small farmers became tenant farmers or moved to cites
    b. enclosures became landmarks of wealthy landowners
    c. landowners exerimented with new agricultural methods
    d. all of the above are true
    d. all of the above are true
  67. whare wer the three factors of production required to drive the industrial revolution?
    A. land, labor, capital
    B. raw materials, natural resources, man-made goods
    C. road, railway, and water transport
    D. government, military, colonies
    A. land, labor, capital
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  68. what is the laissez-faire policy?
    A. a policy where labor created a committee to set working standards without interference from industry owners
    B. a policy that let owners of industry set working conditions without government interference
    C. a policy that taught owners of industry how to set working conditions based on governent standards
    D. a policy that allowed labor to set working conditions based on votes on issues relevant to their industry
    B. a policy that let owners of industry set working conditions without government interference
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  69. how did britains economy affect the process of industrialization?
    a. positively, by britains highly developed banking system, avalibility of loans, and climate of progress
    b. negatively, by britatins decisions to forbid engaineers, mechanics, and toolmakers to eave the country
    d. negatively, by britains overseas expansion, which took jobs away from the british citizens
    a. positively, by britains highly developed banking system, avalibility of loans, and climate of progress
  70. what was the impact of the steam engine on the production of british goods?
    A. it launched the railway age that brought the transportation of people and materials to a new level
    B. it enabled the mining industry to work more effieciently without the need for workers
    C. it allowed small ferries to monopolize the transoprt of raw materials through to a new level
    d. all of the the above are a true
    A. it launched the railway age that brought the transportation of people and materials to a new level
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  71. which of the following was NOT a legislative reform in the 1800?
    A. the supremem court created socail security to support retired workers
    B. the supreme court of the united states objected to a federal child labor law
    C. in england, it became illegal to hire children under the age of nice
    D. the mines act prevented women and children from working underground
    A. the supremem court created socail security to support retired workers
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  72. what were the long-term effects on marx and engels the communist manifesto?
    A. during 1848 and 1849 revolts shook europe but were suppressed
    B. marx and engels predictions proved correct as economic forces alone ruled society
    C. int he 1900s, marxism inspired revolution such as russias lein
    D. working classes worldwide demanded a "dictatorship of the protetariat"
    C. int he 1900s, marxism inspired revolution such as russias lein
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  73. which of the following statements are true of socialism and communism
    A. socialism and communism are two completely different and unrelated ideologies
    B. communism give control of a country to its people and socialism gives control of industry to the people
    C. socialism and communism are two words for the same ideology
    D. communism is a form of complete socialism in which the people own all production and property
    D. communism is a form of complete socialism in which the people own all production and property
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  74. which of the following was an important factor leading greek independace in 1830?
    A. ottoman support of greek nationalism
    B. the decline of russian empire
    C. european popular opinion ispired by a classical revival
    D. greek dominance of mediterranean maritime trade
    E. the serbian revolt
    C. european popular opinion ispired by a classical revival
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  75. which if the following was most central to the development of the early industrial revolution?
    A. the shift from coal to oil-fired forges
    B. the decline of individual enterprise in favor of cooperative efforts
    C. the shif from human and animal power to mechancial power
    D. the substitution of unionized for independent labo
    E. the replacement of iron by steel
    C. the shif from human and animal power to mechancial power
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  76. at the congress of vienna, a principle that guided the deliberation of the deplomats was
    A. balance of power
    B. utilitarianism
    C. self-determanition
    D. imperialism
    E. liberalism
    A. balance of power
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  77. urban life in the major european cities during the industrial revolution was characterized by
    A. overcrowded living conditions and unsafe working conditions for the working poor
    B. an increase in the nobilitys power over the urban population
    C. government control of major industrial companies
    D. rapid social mobility among recent migrant from the countryside
    E. the adoption of laissez-faire attitudes by industrial workers
    A. overcrowded living conditions and unsafe working conditions for the working poor
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  78. european liberal in the first half of the 19C typically supported
    A. the right of workers to unionize ands trike
    B. accident and unemployment insurance
    C. the establishment of overseas colonies to improve conditions at home
    D. womens suffrage
    E. a written consitution and wider suffrage
    E. a written consitution and wider suffrage
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  79. napoleon bonapartes repressive occupation sparked a violent popular revolt in
    A. pland
    B. italy
    C. austria
    D. spain
    E. great britain
    D. spain
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  80. the basic goal of napoleons continental system was to
    A. unify germany
    B. unite france and spain
    C.weaken england economically
    D. conquer italy
    E.isolate russia diplomatically
    C. weaken england economically
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  81. the meeting of the estates-general in 1789 marked a significant step toward revolution in france because it
    A. provide a legitimate forum for critics of the old regime
    B. gave the clergy and the nobility an opportunity to overthrow the monarchy
    C. reveled to extent of papal influence on the french royal family
    D. included a proposal to confiscate noble estates to raise government revenue
    E. exposed the plans of louis XVI to abdicate in favor of his son
    A. provide a legitimate forum for critics of the old regime
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  82. the american revolution played a major role in european history because it
    A. inspired the united irish rebellion
    B. inpired englands glorious revolution
    C. led spain to repudiate its alliances with france and great britain
    D. created a new balance of power in favor of great britain
    E. precipitate the french fescal crisis that led to the calling of the estates-general
    E. precipitate the french fescal crisis that led to the calling of the estates-general
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  83. which of the following best describes the french third estate
    A. the non-noble, nonclerical section of the states-general
    B. the nobility of the robe, who acquired noble rank by purchase
    C. the revolutionary faction that launched the reign of terror
    D. the palace at the tuileries, which was the chief royal residence after versailles and the louvre
    E. counterrevolutionary provienced that resisted the national assembly
    A. the non-noble, nonclerical section of the states-general
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  84. for what is the medici family famous?
    A. for being religious reformers
    B. for being rulers and supporters of the arts
    C. for being artists
    D. for being writers
    B. for being rulers and supporters of the arts
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  85. luther protested the practice of selling indulgents. what was the practice?
    A. indulgences permitted priests to marry and have children
    B. clergy members bought indulgences to reach high offices
    C. the clergy sold pardons that releases people from performing penalties for their sins
    D. charles v told his people that buying indulgences was a way to earn a way to heaven
    C. the clergy sold pardons that releases people from performing penalties for their sins
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  86. who declared himself the head of the english church?
    A. emperor charles V
    B. henry VIII
    C. martin luther
    D. john knox
    B. henry VIII
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  87. what was one of john clavins major teachings
    A. adult baptism
    B. predestination
    C. indulgences
    D. humanism
    B. predestination
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  88. prenaissance painters in landers, as in italy, tended to produce work that was
    A. idealistic
    B. realistic
    C. disorted
    D. formal and tightly structured
    B. realistic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  89. the printing press was invented by
    A. hans holbein the younger
    B. peter bruegel the elder
    C. jahann gutenberg
    D. jan van eyck
    C. johan gutenberg
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  90. how did italys location help it beome the birthplace of renaissance?
    A. italy had access to roman ruins and ancient manuscripts from sonstantinople
    B. italy was protected from the rest of europe by the alps.
    C. ideas could be spread easily by means of italys fleet
    D. the bubonic plague had not reached the southern tip of europe
    A. italy had access to roman ruins and ancient manuscripts from sonstantinople
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  91. what was an important effect of the invention of the printing press
    A. gutenberg used his wealth from the invention to support artists
    B. it led to a renewed study of lain and greek
    C. it increased literacy and the use of the vernacular
    D. it led to the development of public libraries
    C. in increased literacy and the use of the vernacular
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  92. the peace of angsburg ended a war between the supporters of which two groups
    A. roman catholics and anglicans
    B. england and spain
    C. catholic and protestant german princes
    D. french catholics and huguenotes
    C. catholic and protestant german princes
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  93. which idea of luthers most influenced john calvin?
    A. humans cannot earn a place in heaven
    B. there was no hierarchy of believers
    C. the chruch should not sell indulgences
    D. people did not need preists to interpret the bible for them
    A. humans cannot earn a place in heaven
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  94. what was the devshirme system designed to do
    A. devide political power equally between christians and muslims
    B. make the tax system fairer and more efficient
    C. turn christain boys into muslim soldiers
    D. do away with all possible rivals to the throne
    C. turn christain boys into muslim soldiers
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  95. what contributed to the decline of both the ottoman and safavid empires
    A. incompetent leadership
    B. disruption in trade
    C. natural disasters
    D. religious rebellions
    A. incompetent leadership
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  96. what did mehmed II do afer he conquered constantinople?
    A. he forced conversion upon constantinoples christian inhabitant
    B. he opended the city to new citizens of many religions and backgrounds
    C. he captured cairo, mecca, and medina
    D. he chipped marbie from the hagia sophia and sank it in the black sea
    B. he opended the city to new citizens of many religions and backgrounds
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  97. how were ghazis and janissaries similar?
    A. they were warriors
    B. they converted to isalm
    C. they were slaves
    D. they were born into islam
    A. they were warriors
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  98. what type of policy did japan institute to control foreign ideas?
    A. a policy of persecution
    B. a zen buddhist policy
    C. a closed country policy
    D. a polocy of colonization
    C. a colsed country policy
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  99. what type of poetry presents images rather than expresses an idea?
    A. haiku
    B. kabuki
    C.saikaku
    D. kowtow
    A. haiku
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  100. what did hongwu do first to help china become a dominant power?
    A. he opened all ports to trade with europeans countries
    B. he sent explorers to western europe to learn about science and medicine
    C. he overthrew the mongols and established the ming dynasty
    D. he recued the government expenses and lowered taxes
    C. he overthrew the mongols and established the ming dynasty
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  101. why was Zheng He important?
    A. he overthrew the mongol rue
    B. he was chinas first non-chinese emporer
    C. he led seven chinese overseas explorations
    D. he was chinas first chinese emperor
    C. he led seven chinses overseas explorations
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  102. what were chinas reason for rejecting british offers of trade?
    A. china believed it was self-sufficient and didn't need outside goods
    B. chinas emperor did not like that gifts and british merchants offered
    C. british merchants refused to kowtow to the emperor
    D. britain wanted to be the exclusive trading partner with china
    A. china believed it was self-sufficient and didn't need outside goods
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  103. what major barrier hindered effective centralized government in japan
    A. the difficulties of collection taxes
    B. the power of the daimyo
    C. the interference from christan mossionaries
    D. the dissatisfaction of the peasant class
    B. the power of the daimyo
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  104. under the japanaese system of feudalism after 1600, the emperor served as the symbol of authority while real power was held by
    A. the smurai class
    B. shinto priests
    C. the crown prince
    D. the shotgun
    E. powerful merchants
    D. the shotgun
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  105. which of the following best describes the mughal empire?
    A. a government based on an examination system
    B. a political-economic-social system that recognized equality of all citizens
    C. a system in which an islamic minority ruled over a hindu majority
    D. a social and political system that sought to value equally its islamic, christian, hindu, and buddhist populations
    E. the rule of hindu majority over a buddhist majority
    C. a system in which an islamic minority ruled over a hindu majority
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  106. which of the following is true of both the ottoman empire and mughal empire between 1450-1750?
    A. christianity were prohibited in both empires
    B. the top administrations in both empires were chosen by a system of competitive
    C. borht empires were established by skilled warriors on horseback who came originally from central asia
    D. the rulers of both believed in strictly separating scular and religious concerns
    E. both empires experienced a drastic deline in population after 1500 owing to the spread of diseases brough as a result of contact with europeans
    C. borht empires were established by skilled warriors on horseback who came originally from central asia
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  107. during the period 1600-1800, the leaders of china, korea, and japan all had policies that
    A. led to wars involving all of east asia
    B. encouraged emigration and colonization
    C. opened their countries to european merchants
    D. regulated interactions with foreigners
    E. promoted trade and expansion
    D. regulated interactions with foreigners
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  108. which of the following is true of the expeditions of chinese admiral zheng he in the early 1400s?
    A. he sailed to ports on the indian ocean coastline, including those in east aftrica
    B. he wished to find a new route to europe in order to participate in european trade
    C. he explored unknown regions and seas, though is ships were tiny and supplies inadequate
    D. he crossed the indian ocean but did not land on the african coast
    E. he avoided contact with overseas chinese communities
    A. he sailed to ports on the indian ocean coastline, including those in east aftrica
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  109. which of the following people entered the middle east in the eleventh century C.E. and came to dominate mos tof anatolia?
    A. armenians
    B.slavs
    C. arabs.
    D. greeks
    E. turks
    E. turks
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  110. which of the following affected the status of women during the reformation?
    A. the establishment of equal access to education for men and women
    B. the abolition of promogeniture and the institution of equal enheritance for mena nd women
    C. permission from secular rulers permitting women to won property
    D. papal agreement allowing the ordination of women
    E. the suppression of nunneries and the institution of a married clergy
    E. the suppression of nunneries and the institution of a married clergy
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  111. "if a prince wants to maintain his rule, he must learn how to be viruous, and to make use of this or not according to his heed"
    the passage above best reflects the arguments of
    A. napolean I
    B. frederick the great
    C. machiavelli
    D. thomas more
    E. louis XIV
    C. machiavelli
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  112. "our sins have their source in adamm, and because adama are the apple, wer have inherited sin from him. but christ has shattered death in orer that we might be saved by his works and not by our workds. christ says:i am you justification"martin luther
    which of the following best describes luthers meaning in the excerpt above?
    A. neighter faith nor good works will bring salvation
    B. only faith in christ will bring salvation, not good works
    C. good workds are necessary for justification, bu only faith in christ will bring salvation
    D. "justiication" is different form "salvation"
    E. faith mean nothing without good workds to demonstrate belief
    B. only faith in christ will bring salvation, not good works
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  113. which of the following best described the people of angsburg(1555)?
    A. it empowered german rulers to impose lutheran, calvinist, or zwinglian protestantism
    B. it provided a legal basis for the existence of lutheranism
    C. it was rejected by the emperor charles V
    D. it released all german-speaking states from papal authority
    E. it established toleration for anabaptists in HRE
    B. it provided a legal basis for the existence of lutheranism
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  114. "O highest and most marvvelous felicity of man!to him it is granted to have whatever he chooses, to be whatever he wills"
    the above excerpt is representative of th ideas of
    A. jean-jecques rousseau, social contract
    B. thomas hobbes, leviathan
    C. martin luther, adress the christian nobility of the german nation
    D. pico della mirandola, on the dignity of man
    E. karl marx and friederich engels, communist manifesto
    D. pico della mirandola, on the dignity of man
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  115. the most influential order associated with catholic refomation was the
    a. brothers and sisters of the common life
    b. dominican
    e. franciscan
    d. jesuit
    e. oratory of divine love
    jesuit
  116. all of the following were common subjects of the italian renaissance works of are EXCEPT
    a. equestrian statues
    b. nude figures
    c. portraits
    d. figures from mythology
    e. peasant life
    peasant life
  117. the term "humanism", when applied to renaissance italy, refers primarily to the
    A. capitalist values advanced by leading italtian merchant bankers
    B. antireligious movement among leading italian intellectuals
    C. renewed interest in the scientific method at any italian universities
    D. scholarly interest in the study of the classical cultures of rome and greece
    E.non-christian themes that become prominent in italian are and literature
    D. scholarly interest in the study of the classical cultures of rome and greece
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  118. englands break with rome became official with the passage of the
    A. act of supremacy
    B. act of union
    C. act of toleration
    D. sux articles
    E. act of succession
    A. act of supremacy
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  119. one overall result of the great schism wat to
    A. badly damaged the faith in the papacy of many christians
    B. rejuvenate christianity as it had been on the decline throughtout europe
    C. reinforce the faith of the true rather than flase christians
    D. end the abuse of pluralism
    E. put an end to the churchs previous financial abuses
    A. badly damaged the faith in the papacy of many christians
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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