Lecture 4 – Jude and 2 Peter: The Dangers of Deviant Disciples

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  1. Identify-

    The appearance of teachers from outside the congregation.-Image of “shepherding” suggests people who act as teachers

    *Biblical Imagery of shepherding (King David, Ps 23)

    *Imagery in Greco-Roman literature (compassionate and caring leaders)

    *Jesus as the Good Shepherd (John 10)

    *The disciples in ministries of guiding, leading, gathering
    and caring- “Dreaming” indicates ecstasy-based revelation as source of teaching-“Sneaking in” indicates teachers to be originally from outside
    the occasion and setting of Jude
  2. Identify

    -Jude takes issue with the teachers’ ethical practice rather than “doctrine”

    -Jude does not specify readers’ location
    the occasion and setting of Jude
  3. Recognize

    Genre: a “letter”: Advisory letter & Vituperative letter (letter of censure)
    Genre of Jude
  4. Recognize

    Purpose: to persuade the congregation not to be influenced by the intruders’ practice and teaching (vv. 3-4) but rather to remain constant in vigilance.
    Purpose of Jude
  5. Recognize

    -Affirming the certainty of judgment by God-Identifying the teachers as a clear and present danger to the congregation-Using the language of holiness and pollution to emphasize the incompatibility of the teachers with the special calling of the addressees
    Strategy of Jude
  6. Understand the theological and ecclesiological issues raised in Jude .
    * The major theological issue raised in Jude: What is God’s grace really for, and what is it meant to accomplish?

    • *Theology/ecclesiological issues
    • -The location of authority: in received tradition or “fresh winds of the Spirit”?
    • -The importance of inner-group discipline
  7. Understand the literary genre of 2 Peter
    -Epistolary Prescript (2Pet 1:1-2) and 2Pet 3:17-18 may function as an epistolary closing
  8. Understand the literary genre of 2 Peter
    *2 Pet3:1 claims to be a second letter to the same recipients-Jewish literary genre known as “Testament”
  9. Understand the literary genre of 2 Peter
    *In this literature an OT figure knowing that his death is approaching gives a final message to his people, which typically includes ethical exhortation and prophetic revelations of the future.
  10. Understand the literary genre of 2 Peter
    *In 2 Peter, four passages (2Pet 1:3-11, 12-15; 2:1-3a; 3:1-4) demonstrate strong resemblance to testamentary literature, and thus identify the document as a testament.

    -In 2Peter 1:12-15 Peter describes the occasion of his writing as his awareness of approaching death and his desire to provide for his teaching to be remembered after his death.

    -Three apologetic passages (2Pet 1:16-21; 2:3b-10; 3:5-10) follow each of the testamentary passages whose aim is to answer the objections raised by the false teachers.
  11. Recognize-

    A philosophy sophisticated, but still orthodox, faith
    * Discipleship as growth into a life of widely-recognized virtues (1:3-11)
    * Reciprocity scripts in 2 Pet 1:3-11
    *The author’s conceptualization of salvation in Greek philosophical terms
    First of the three aspects (& their sub-points) of the message of 2 Peter.
  12. Recognize-

    Censuring the Unworthy Guides

    *2 Peter’s use of Jude most evident in 2 Peter 2:1-3:4 *Departures from Jude
    -Eliminating the most overt references to extrabiblical texts and traditions
    -Changing focus within the Balaam story
    Second of the three aspects (& their sub-points) of the message of 2 Peter.
  13. Recognize -

    Wresting with the Prolonged Interim
    * The Transfiguration as Proof of Christ’s Glorification (2 Pet 1:17-21)-Mark 9:2-8; Matthew 17:1-8; Luke 9:28-36-Interpreted through Psalm 8:5-6 and Psalm 2:7-9
    *Does God intervene to judge and to deliver?

    -Examples from sacred history offered as proof (2 Peter 2: 4-9)
    - Explaining the delay through God’s sense of time (Psalm 90:4)-Explaining the delay through God’s merciful patience
    Third of the three aspects (& their sub-points) of the message of 2 Peter.
  14. Recognize-

    The compass points for navigating the Christian life*Christ’s death on our behalf (2 Pet 1:3-11)*Christ’s return as Judge (2 Pet 3:10-18)
    First of the three aspects (& their sub-points) of Christian formation found in 2 Peter .
  15. Recognize-

    The nature of Christian freedom
    Second of the three aspects (& their sub-points) of Christian formation found in 2 Peter .
  16. Recognize-

    The location of authority and Christian apologetics
    Third of the three aspects (& their sub-points) of Christian formation found in 2 Peter .
  17. Textbook: Understand the purpose and teachings of 2 Peter (Ch.23, Encountering the New Testament).
    *There are basically 4 areas of concern covered by this short letter: sanctification, Scripture, warnings against false teachers, and the end of the age.

    *Simon Peter begins with encouraging the believers to go forward, not backward in their Christian lives by listing the virtues that will promote growth—faith, goodness, knowledge, self-control, perseverance, godliness, brotherly kindness, and love.

    • *He wants to reassure them of what God has promised through the prophets,, spoke through his word, and taught through his apostles is true. Prophecy is not human invention but from God & not to twist the Scriptures.
    • *Similar to the Book of Jude, Peter warns of the false teachers & doctrines that will arise some day and that there will be people who will turn their backs on God’s commandments (they will be false, destructive, shameful, greedy, arrogant, blasphemous, boastful, and sinful), but God knows how to rescue His people from this, they are called to turn to Him in renewed faith.

    *Peter wants to clarify the nature of the end of the age. Explains why the coming of Christ has not yet occurred. Time is different for God, 1,000 years is as 1 day to us so the delay hasn’t been all that long for God. More than that, His waiting is a sign of His patience, wanting for all to come to repentance. Peter explains what the event will be like: It will be the fiery destruction of the existing cosmic order. Then He will replace this sinful world order with “a new heaven and a new earth, the home of righteousness”, which will endure throughout all of eternity.

    *He concludes his survey of this topic w/the admonition to prepare for it by living blameless and spotless lives, at peace with God.
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Lecture 4 – Jude and 2 Peter: The Dangers of Deviant Disciples
General Literature and Theology
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