ASA.txt

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Author:
dodgybarnet
ID:
158492
Filename:
ASA.txt
Updated:
2012-06-13 00:07:11
Tags:
ASA
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Description:
ASA
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  1. ´╗┐ASA DOSE?
    160-325mg (generally start with the lowest dose)
  2. ASA Supplied?
    • 80 or 81 mg tabs,
    • 325 mg tabs,
    • 500 mg tabs,
    • 650 mg tabs
  3. ASA INDICATIONS?
    • EMT Version: Acute coronary syndromes suggestive of an acute myocardial infarction
    • EMR Version: Ischemic Chest Pain (angina or MI)
  4. ASA CONTRAINDICATIONS:
    • Allergy to ASA
    • Bleeding disorders (eg: hemophilia)
    • Unconscious
  5. ASA SIDE EFFECTS?
    • GI upset
    • N/V
    • Heart Burn
  6. ASA PRECAUTIONS?
    • Asthma - May produce bronchoconstriction in asthmatics
    • Active ulcer disease
    • Impaired renal or hepatic function
    • Children and adolescents with influenza or chickenpox infections as it may increase the risk of Reye's syndrome
  7. ASA PHARMACODYNAMICS?
    • At low doses, appears to impede clotting by blocking prostaglandin synthesis, which prevents formation of platelet-aggregating substance (this is irreversible) called thromboxane A2
    • Analgesia anti - inflammatory: inhibits the synthesis of prostaglandin, preventing or reducing pain
    • Antipyretic: acts on the hypothalamus to produce peripheral vasodilation causing sweating which leads to heat loss and cooling by evaporation
  8. ASA ADMINISTRATION?
    ASA must be chewed & swallowed for proper absorption rate
  9. ASA Classification
    • Salicylate
    • Antiplatelet
    • Analgesic
    • Antipyretic
    • Anti-inflammatory
    • NSAID

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