Gramatica Chapter 5 and 6

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  1. To express there is or there are use
    • hay
    • Hay muchas telenovelas por la manana
  2. to express there was or there were use
    • hubo or habia
    • Hubo un concierto increible
    • Habia mucha gente esperando
  3. to express there is or there are in subjunctive mood use
    • haya
    • No creo que haya buenos programas en ese canal
  4. to express there will be use
    • habra
    • Habra un documental esta noche
  5. Algo
    Algun, Alguna
    Alguno(a), algunos(as)
    • Algo-some
    • Alguien-someone
    • Algun, Alguna-some, any
    • Alguno(a), algunos(as)-some, any
    • Tambien-also
    • siempe-always
    • o-or
  6. nouns ending with _______________ are typically feminine
    • -dad
    • -ion
    • -z
    • -iz
    • -ie
    • -umbre
    • la verdad, la nacion, la voz, la crisis, la serie, la costumbre
  7. Nouns ening with ___________________ are typically masculine
    • -aje
    • -al
    • -es
    • -in
    • -ma
    • el paisage, el corral, el ingles, ael boletin, el problema
  8. aconsejar que, es buena idea que, es mejor que, querer que, recomendar que, and sugerir que
    • sunjective is used in these sentences that express wishes, suggestions, or recommendations
    • the subjunctive is used when the main clause epresses a hope or wish for another person or group of people, ther is a change in subject
  9. Past perfect
    • describes an action that took place before another action in the past
    • formed with imperfect haber (habia, habias, habia, habiamos, habian) + past participle
  10. to compare people and things
    • tan + adjective + como
    • esta estatua es tan bonita como la otra.
  11. el/la/los/las + mas/menos + adjective + de
    • to mean the most or the least
    • La torre Eiffel es la mas alta de todas las que he visto
    • the Eiffel tower is the tallest of all the ones i've seen.
  12. Adding isimo/a/os/as
    • intensiifies the meaning of the adjective
    • la exposicion de arte contemporaneo es buenismima.
    • The contemporary art exhibition is great (very good)
  13. passive voice with se
    • Se + verb in third person + recipient
    • Se expusieron los retratos abstratos.
  14. passive voice with ser
    • recipient of action + ser + participle + por + agent
    • El mural fue pintado por Diego Rivera.

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Gramatica Chapter 5 and 6
2012-06-14 01:37:27

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