na kaʻi structures

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  1. 4 types of memea
    memea are words that can describe a broad range of individyal things, actions or conditions

    kikino, ʻaʻano, hamani, hehele
  2. kikino
    things that have shapes or bodies
  3. ʻaʻano
    conditions or states of being
  4. hamani
  5. hamani
    actions done to other things
  6. hehele
    actions such as movements that are not done to other things
  7. the 4 types of memea can be used in 3 kulana functions
    painu-verb-like usage

    kiʻa noun like usage

    kāhulu- adjective like usage
  8. ʻami kāhea

    identifies the person being spoken to
  9. ʻʻami piko
    • ʻo
    • precedes iʻoa to identify the individual being talked about
  10. papani
    • pronouns
    • words that take the place of iʻoa kuhane and act like them with most ami

    • au ia him her used after ami such as me and iā
    • aʻu-me kaua, maua...etc
    • oe
    • ʻo ia
  11. pepeke henua
    • tells when or where something is
    • *has a single poʻo and a single piko but can have many ʻawe
  12. kahulu
    • estra element after a word that describes it without making a full pepeke
    • can be in the piko, poʻo awe
    • kahulu huahelu
  13. pepeke painu
    used to tell someone or something has a certain quality or state or does a particular action

    • to make a pepeke painu negative place ʻaʻole in the lālā position, if the pikoo is a papani it goes in the 2ndd lala positon and then the piko follows
    • if it is not a papani it stays same as positvie phrase
  14. pepeke painu hamani
  15. kai
    all kikino have kaʻi

    • ka/ke, nā , kēia, kēnā, kēlā, he
    • ia- that which we both know about, the aforementioned
  16. pepeke ʻaike
    • used to tell what something, someone is
    • 2 types he and ʻo
    • to make negative, begine with ʻaʻole and move the poo after the piko
  17. pepeke aike ʻo
    used to experess that two thing s are equal
  18. pepeke aʻaike he
    used to ed to epress something is something, belongs to a class of things
  19. kahulu nonoʻa iki
    tells the possesser of something
  20. kahula henua
    tells the location of something
  21. kahulu memea
    • tells the quality of something
    • with a hamani or hehele tells about the action of the subject
    • a kahulu hamani or hehele often has its own awe
  22. ʻami hoa
    • me with
    • also used with a to mean and
  23. Hoʻole Pepeke Patterns
    • Pepeke Henua
    • replace aia with ʻaʻole
    • Pepeke ʻAike
    • put ʻaʻole in front and switch the piko and poʻo
    • Pepeke Painu
    • put ʻaʻole at begging
    • when the piko is a papani i jumps right behind the ʻaʻole infront of the poʻo
  24. helanui-kaʻi
    • plural form
    • ka/ke-nā
    • mau- is used with all other kaʻi
  25. helanui papani
    • 1 2 3+
    • au-māua-mākou
    • _ kāua kākou
    • ʻoe ʻolua ʻoukou
    • ia lāua lākou
  26. ʻami kuhilana
  27. ʻami kuhilana
    • used with painu hehele
    • tomarks something headed toward
    • i-used with memeʻa and iʻoa paku
    • used with iʻoa kuhane and papani
  28. ʻami lauka
    • marks something receiving the action
    • used with painu hamani
    • i- used with memea
    • iā used with papani, iʻoa paku, iʻoa kuhane
  29. ʻakena
    • the one responsible for something happening
    • expressed in the piko in the painu hamani
  30. ʻōkena
    ʻawe lauka
    the one who recieves the result of what is happening it is expressed in the ʻawe lauka
  31. Na maka painu kauahoa
    • a command, also used to mark a sort of future in the form of a prediction, suggestion
    • just put e or mai in the poʻo
    • e hana au i ka pipi
    • iʻll make the beef
    • e nana ʻoe
    • you look
  32. Maka painu e as "to" within pepeke
    • used as a link between a primary pepeke and a secondary pepeke
    • the piko of the primary and secondary pepeke is often the same, in these cases you only need it in the primary pepeke
    • Makemake au e hele i Kauaʻi
    • Makemake au e haʻi ʻoia
  33. Maka painu
    • are found in pepeke painu
    • the mark time and completion
    • Ua painu
    • Ke-nei/ala painu
    • e-painu-ana1
    • e-painu-ana2
  34. ua maka painu
    • marks completion
    • eg. bathed, has, had
    • with ʻaʻano ua often indicates present as well as past time; it indicates that some condition has finally ben reached after a period of action directed toward the realization of the condition
    • ua nani ka hale - the house was beautiful. the hose is beautiful now, it has become beautiful
  35. Ke-ne/ala painu
    marks an action as happening now at this time

    • with an ʻaʻano marks a condition as in the process of being completed
    • Ke ikaika nei lākou.
    • they are getting strong.
    • once it has reached the state of being strong use ua
    • ala marks the action as being completed at occuring in a distant visable location
  36. E painu ana (1)
    • marks an action or condition as going to happen
    • e kuʻai ana laua
    • e kaulana ana ʻoe
  37. e painu ana (2)
    • marks an action as in the process of being completed in the present future or past
    • the difference between it and ke-nei is that ke nei gives stronger emphasis on the now
  38. kino hoʻoia maka painu
    • + -
    • ua i
    • ke nei/ala e___nei/ala
    • e__ana e___ana
    • e e
Card Set:
na kaʻi structures
2012-06-14 05:00:14

structures and functions hawaiian
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