mental final

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Author:
LaurenFleming
ID:
158741
Filename:
mental final
Updated:
2012-06-14 12:06:15
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Childhood disorders
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Description:
childhood disorders
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  1. What are the Pervasive Developmental Disorders??
    • Autism
    • Asperger's Syndrome
    • Rett's Disorder
    • Pervasive Developmetnal Disorder NOS 
  2. This pt has problems w/ language, logic and reasoning, impaired arousal w/ oversensitivity or indifference to stimuli are evident
     
    This pt has Autism
  3. This disorder is usually observed before 3 years when child fails to interact w/ others or be socially

    This person is not able to live and work independently 
    Autism
  4. This person has no delays in development of language and cognitive skills

    Later onset and less sever SNS
    More noticable when child enters school 
    Asbergers Syndrome 
  5. This person has restrictive repetitive behaviors 
    Aspergers Syndrome
  6. minimum self support, at a 6th grade level, IQ level 55-69, and is capable of independent living or do better in group homes
    Mild Retardation 85%
  7. at a 3rd grade level, provides self-care hygiene, this person does well in community living at home or in a supervised setting, IQ is 40-54
    Moderate Retardation 10%
  8. Little or no speech during early childhood but may learn to talk and carry out basic self-care skills at later age

    can perform simple skills tought them w/ close supervision
    Can be managed living at home or in a supervised setting 
    IQ 25-39 
    Severe Retardation 3-4%
  9. Sensory motor problems
    may only develop minimal communication and self-care skills w/ constant supervision in a highly structured setting
    IQ below 25 
    Profound 1-2%
  10. Observed only in females
    onset before 4 y/o
    severe mental retardation
    associated w/ seizure disorder
    outcome is very poor 
    Rett's Disorder
  11. A mom notices that all the kids are playing farm and are acting like farm animals but finds that little jimmy seems to lack that make beilve play What might be wrong w/ him??
    Autism
  12. What childhood disorder has a high comorbidity of OCD
    Autism
  13. What childhood disorder does not pick up on social cues??
    Aspergers
  14. A child has a lot of nightmare and always has to sleep in his parents bed because he has a fear of being lost or kidnapped, he has to be home schooled because when the parents attempted to get him to go to school, the child wouldn't allow for the parents to leave!! what disorder is this
    Separation Anxiety Disorder
  15. difficult to diagnose before age 4

    Characteristics: inattention, hyperactivity, impulsivity 
    ADHD
  16. Comorbidy of children w/ ADHD  occurs in what disorders??
    • 90% juvenile- onset bipolar disorder
    • 90% children w/ ODD
    • 50% of children w/ Conduct Disorder 
  17. What is the Medication Therapy for someone w/ ADHD
    Stimulants: methyphenidate (Ritalin), Dextroamphetamine (Dexedrine) and Adderall

    Non-Stimulant: Atomoxetine (Straterra) 
  18. What are the Disruptive Behavior Disorders
    • Oppositional Defient Disorder
    • Conduct Disorder 
  19. This pt Hates authority and always trys to challenge it, usually evedent before 8y/o, Dont follow the fules
    Oppositional Defiant Disorder
  20. Violence in additon to not following the rules, bullying, threatening. High-risk behaviors, aggresion
    Conduct Disorder
  21. What is your biggest concern w/ a kid w/ Conduct disorder??
    Your biggest concern is violence directed at others
  22. What are some things you could work on w/ a child w/ ODD??
    work on rules, structure,  rewards and consequences
  23. What are the Tic Disorders??
    • Tourettes Disorder
    • Transient Tic Disorder
    • Chronic Tic Disorder 
  24. Onset is 2-10yrs, characterized by verbal and motor tics,  sudden rapid, recurrent, nonrhythmic, stereotyped mortor movement or vocalization, low self-esteem and shame
    Tourettes syndrome
  25. What are some of the Motor tics
    blinking, touching, tongue protrusion, squatting, skipping
  26. What are some of the Verbal tics
    Barks, Grunts, yelps, clicks, snorts, sniffs, coughs
  27. Child raised by a depressed parent is at risk for developing:
    • •   Anxiety disorder
    • •   Conduct disorder
    • •   Alcohol dependence
  28. Child raised by parent without effective coping strategies is at risk for developing:
    • •   Learned helplessness
    • •   Anxiety
    • •   Apathy
    • •   Inability to learn how to master environment

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