Anatomy and Physiology

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Author:
Bill.Ritchie
ID:
158793
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Anatomy and Physiology
Updated:
2012-06-17 18:39:29
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Test
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Description:
skeletal system, muscular system, nervous system.
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  1. Trapezius
    moves head
  2. rectus abdominus
    responsible for maintaining posture, flexing lumbar spine, and aids in breathing.
  3. Sartorius
    moves leg
  4. quadriceps femoris group
    moves leg
  5. fibularis longus
    moves ankle and foot
  6. tibialis anterior
    moves ankle and foot
  7. frontalis
    facial expression
  8. obicularis occuli
    facial expression
  9. massseter
    mastication
  10. obicularis oris
    facial expression
  11. sternocleidomastoid
    moves head
  12. deltoid
    moves arm
  13. pectoralis major
    moves arm
  14. biceps brachii
    flexes arm
  15. brachialis
    flexes arm
  16. triceps brachii
    extension of arm
  17. hamstring group
    moves leg
  18. gastrocnemius
    moves ankle and foot
  19. latissimus dorsi
    moves arm
  20. gluteus maximus
    moves thigh
  21. zygomaticus
    facial expression
  22. Temporalis
    mastication
  23. tongue
    swallowing
  24. buccinator
    swallowing
  25. suprahyoid
    swallowing
  26. infrahyoid
    swallowing
  27. Palatini
    swallowing
  28. external intercostals
    breathing
  29. internal intercostals
    breathing
  30. diaphragm
    breathing
  31. iliopsoas
    moves thigh
  32. external obliques
    flexion and rotation of vertebra
  33. internal obliques
    breathing, rotates and side bends trunk
  34. transversus abdominus
    thoracic and pelvic stability, aids in labor
  35. serratus anterior
    moves scapula
  36. rotator cuff muscles
    moves arm
  37. The term for the expanded portion at the ends of a long bone is

    A.  diaphysis
    B.  periosteum
    C.  articular cartridge
    D.  epiphysis
    D.  epiphysis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  38. Which type of bone cell breaks down bone and deposits calcium into blood.

    A.  osteoblast
    B.  osteocyte
    C.  osteopororis
    D.  osteoclast
    D.  osteoclast
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  39. The term for a rounded opening through a bone is

    A.  condyle
    B.  trochanter
    C.  foramen
    D.  tuberosity
    C. foramen.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  40. Which of the following are cranial bones

    A. frontal
    B.  sphenoid
    C.  maxilla
    D.  a & b
    e.  all of the above
    D.  a & b
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  41. The name for the first cervical vertebra is the

    A.  coccyx
    B. axis
    C.  atlas
    D.  atlantis
    C.  atlas
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  42. The most superior part of the sternum is the:

    A. body
    B.  costal cartilage
    C. xiphoid process
    D.  manubrium
    D.  manubrium
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  43. The glenoid process is part of which bone?

    A.  humerus
    B.  coxal bone
    C.  scapula
    D. femur
    C. scapula
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  44. The acetabellum is a part of which bone?

    A.  femur
    B.  humerus
    C. coxal bone
    D.  scapula
    C. coxal bone
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  45. Which bone forms the heel?

    A.  fibula
    B. talus
    C.  tibia
    D.  calcaneus
    D.  Calcaneus
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  46. A joint that is slightly movable is called?

    A.  synarthrosis
    B.  diathrosis
    C.  amphithrosis
    C.  amphithrosis
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  47. The joint found between the atlas and the axis is what type of synovial joint?

    A. hinge
    B.  pivot
    C.  condyloid
    D.  ball and socket
    B. pivot
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  48. Choose the phrase you could use when describing the skeletal muscle?

    A. b and c
    B.  under voluntary control
    C. uninucleated cells
    D.  can be very long
    e. all of the above
    A. b and c.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  49. Select the connective tissue covering of a muscle that is most superficial.

    A.  perimysium
    B.  epimysium
    C.  endomysium
    B. epimysium
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  50. The portion of the muscle cell membrane that extends into the muscle and conveys nerve signals is called the:

    A.  sarcoplasm
    B.  sarcoplamsic reticulum
    C.  sarcolemma
    D.  transverse (T) tubules
    D.  transverse (T) tubules
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  51. Thin filaments are composed of

    A.  actin, troponin, tropomysin
    B.  myosin, troponin, tropomysin
    C.  myosin, actin, triponin
    D.  myosin, actin, tropomysin
    A.  actin, troponin, tropomysin
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  52. Which of the following is the process in the muscle cell that requires oxygen to produce ATP?
    A. fermentation
    B.  creatinin phosphate breakdown
    C.  cellular respiration
    C.  cellular respiration
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  53. A motor unit is:

    A.  a motor nerve and all of the muscles fibers it invervates.
    B.  a group of skeletal muscles that perform a specific function
    C.  a group of motor nerves in the brain
    D.  a group of myofibrils
    A. a motor nerve and all of the muscle fibers it inervates.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  54. An increase in muscle size caused by increasing the number of myofibrils in individual muscle cells is called

    A.  atrophy
    B.  tetanic contraction
    C. recruitment
    D.  hypertrophy
    D.  hypertrophy
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  55. A certain muscle produces most of its energy aerobically, contains many mitochondria, contracts quickly, and is resistant to fatigue.  What kind is it?

    A.  fast-twitch fiber
    B.  slow twitch fiber
    C.  intermediate twitch fiber
    C. intermediate twitch fiber.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  56. What muscle is named for its shape?

    A.  frontalis
    B. latissimus dorsi
    C.  gluteus maximus
    D.  triceps brachii
    B.  latissimus dorsi
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  57. Which muscle of facial expression is also used for swallowing?

    a. frontalis
    b.  masseter
    c.  zygomaticus
    d.  buccinator
    buccinator
  58. Which arm muscle extends the forearm?

    A.  triceps brachii
    B. biceps femoris
    C.  biceps brachii
    D.  brachialis
    A. triceps brachii
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  59. Which of the following types of neurons are multipolar?

    A.  sensory neurons
    B.  interneurons
    C.  both motor neurons and interneurons
    D.  motor neurons, sensory neurons, and interneurons
    E. motor neurons
    C.  both motor neurons and interneurons
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  60. During an action potential , depolarization occurs because

    a.  channels for sodium ions in the cell membrane open and sodium flows into the cell

    b.  channels for potassium ions open and potassium leaves the cell.

    c.  the sodium-potassium pump returns sodium to the outside of the cell and potassium to the inside.
    a.  channels for sodium ions in the cell membrane open and sodium flows into the cell.
  61. An excitatory neurotransmitter escites the post-synaptic cell because:

    A. it opens potassium channels so potassium can leave the cell.
    B.  it turns on the sodium potassium pump.
    C.  it opens sodium channels so sodium can enter the cell
    C. it opens the sodium channels so sodium can enter the cell.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  62. The deepest of the three meninges is

    A. dura mater
    B. arachnoid mater
    C. pia mater
    C. pia mater
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  63. Which of the following is correct?

    A.  the primary somatasensory area is in the parietal lobe
    B.  the primary auditory area is in the occipital lobe.
    C.  the motor cortex is in the parietal lobe
    D.  the primary visual area is in the temporal lobe
    A.  the primary somatasensory area is in the parietal lobe
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  64. Which structure integrates motor commands to make sure that proper muscle groups are activated or inhibited?

    A.  Wernicke's area
    B.  corpus collosum
    C.  limbic system
    D. basal nuclei
    D.  basal nuclei
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  65. Which of the following cranial nerves transmits sensory signals about hearing and ballance?

    A.  abducenes
    B.  occular motor
    C. trochlear
    D. vestibular cochlear
    D. vestibular cochlear
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  66. Which spinal nerve supplies the diaphragm?

    A.  median
    B. intercostal
    C.  phrenic
    D.  radial
    C.  phrenic
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  67. Put the following parts of a reflex in the correct order
     1.  effector,
    2.  sensory receptor,
    3.   motor nerve,
    4. sensory nerve,
    5.   interneuron.

    A.  2-4- 5-3-1
    B.  5-2-4-1-3
    C.  4-2-5-3-1
    D. 2-5-4-3-1
    A. 2-4-5-3-1
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  68. A ______ carries nerve impulses away from the cell body.
    axon.
  69. During the depolarization portion of an action potential _______ ions are moving to the ______ of the nerve fiber
    sodium, inside
  70. the space between the axon ending of one neuron and the dendrite of another is the _______
    synaptic cleft
  71. Ach is broken down by the enzyme ______ after it has initiated the action potential
    acetycholenestorase
  72. Motor nerves stimulate _______/
    effectors
  73. In a simple reflex pathway only the _____ is found entirely in the CNS.
    interneuron
  74. The ______ is the part of the brain responsible for coordinating movement
    cerebellum
  75. The _____ is the part of the brain responsible for consciousness.
    reticular formation
  76. The brain and spinal cord are covered protective layers called _______.
    meninges
  77. ______ muscle is uninucleated, non-striated and located in the walls of internal organs.
    smooth muscle
  78. the fascia called _______ seperate muscle fibers from one another within a fassicle.
    endomysium
  79. When a muscle a fiber contracts, an _______ myofilament slides past a myosin myofilament.
    actin
  80. The energy molecule _______ is needed for muscle fiber contraction.
    ATP
  81. Whole muscles have ________, a condition in which some fibers are always contracted.
    tone
  82. When muscles contract, the _____ does most of the work but _______s help.
    prime mover, synergist help.
  83. The _____ is a muscle in the arm that has two origins
    biceps brachii
  84. The _____ acts as the origin of the latissimus dorsi and the _____ acts as the insertion during most activity.
    lower spine, humerus
  85. Sensory receptors for pain are called

    A.  nociceptors
    B. photo receptors
    C. proprioceptors
    D. thermo receptors
    A. nociceptors
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  86. Which of the following is a receptor for fine touch

    A.  Krause end bulbs
    B.  Pacinian corpuscles
    C.  Rafini endings
    D. Meisner corpuscle
    D. Meisner corpuscle.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  87. Following are pairs senory receptor and stimuli to which they respond.  choose correct pairs.

    A.  visceral nocciceptors - oxygen deprivation to an organ
    B.  a and b
    C.  Merkel disks - pressure
    D.  golgi tendon organs- execessive muscle contraction
    e. all of the above.
    B. a and b
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  88. Which of the following states about sensation of taste is correct.

    a.  tastebuds are located in the back of the throat
    b. tastebuds respond to five primary taste sensation
    c. tastebuds are a type of chemoreceptor
    d.  a and b
    e. all of the above.
    e. all of the above
  89. A correct statement about smell is

    a.  taste and smell sensation travels through some of the brain area.

    b.  olfactory epithelium is located right at the entrance to the nasal cavity.

    c.  an odor is made by a single type of odor molecule.

    d.  a and c

    e. all of the above.
    a.  taste and smeall sensation travels through the same brain area.
  90. Complete the statement the gustatory control center is located in the ____ lobe and olfactory is located in the ____ lobe.

    A.  temporal and parietal
    B.  frontal and temporal
    C. insula and temporal
    D.  occipital and frontal.
    C. insula and temporal
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  91. Which of the fllowing structures is part of the choroid?

    A.  iris
    B.  retina
    C.  vitreous body
    d cornea
    A. iris
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  92. The posterior compartment of the eye is filled with

    A.  blood
    B.  aqueos humor
    C.  tears
    D.  vitreous humor
    D. vitreous humor
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)
  93. Which statement is true?

    A. Rods can be found in the fovea
    B. Light stimulus to rod cells stops the release of neurotransmitter from the rods
    C.  cone cellls are spread evenly throughout the retina.
    D.  cone cells provide peripheral vision
    A. Light stimulus to rod cells the release of neurotransmitter from the rods.
    (this multiple choice question has been scrambled)

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