BIOL40C Lab Quiz 3

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daynuhmay
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158814
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BIOL40C Lab Quiz 3
Updated:
2012-06-15 05:50:02
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Blood Lymphatic Endocrine Reproductive
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Blood Lymphatic Endocrine Reproductive
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  1. total % neutrophils
    50-60%
  2. total % eosinophils
    1-6%
  3. total % basophils
    <1%
  4. total % lymphocytes
    30%
  5. total % monocytes
    2-10%
  6. identify:
     
    • neutrophil
    • (multilobed) 
  7. identify:
     
    • eosinophil
    • (bi-lobed) 
  8. identify:
     
    • A: basophil
    • B: lymphocyte
    • C: monocyte
    • D: neutrophil
    • E: eosinophil
    • F: RBC 
  9. identify:
     
    • basophil
    • (granular) 
  10. identify:
     
    lymphocyte
  11. identify:
     
    • monocyte
    • (kidney shaped) 
  12. major function of neutrophils
    defend against bacterial/fungal infection
  13. major function of eosinophils
    defend against parasites
  14. major function of basophils
    release histamine as allergic/antigen response
  15. main function of monocytes
    • phagocytosis
    • turn into macrophages when in body tissues 
  16. PMN
    • polymorphonuclear
    • refers to all granulocytes 
  17. 3 types of lymphocytes
    • 1) B cells (make antibodies)
    • 2) C cells
    • 3) NK cells (kills virus-infected, or cancerous cells) 
  18. plasma cells
    differentiated B cells
  19. 2 primary lymphoid organs
    • 1) thymus
    • 2) bone marrow 
  20. 5 secondary lymphatic organs
    • 1) spleen
    • 2) lymph nodess
    • 3) tonsils
    • 4) adenoids
    • 5) MALT 
  21. 2 main lymphatic ducts
    • 1) thoracic duct
    • 2) right lymphatic duct 
  22. Where do the lymphatic ducts drain into the venous blood?
    L & R subclavian veins
  23. lymph node capsule tissue
    dense irregular connective tissue
  24. immunogenicity
    ability of a substance to provoke an immune response
  25. antigen
    substance that has immunogenicity and reactivity
  26. antibody
    • a protein produced by plasma cells in response to specific antigen
    • combines with antigen to neutralize/inhibit/destroy it 
  27. reactivity
    ability to react with antibodies or cells that result from an immune response
  28. agglutinogen
    antigens found on the surface of of RBCs
  29. agglutinin
    Ab's that recognize agglutinogens in plasma
  30. agglutination
    clumping of RBCs
  31. hemolysis
    rupturing of RBCs
  32. endocrinology
    study of endocrine glands, hormones, and the mechanisms by which hormones exert their effects
  33. hormone
    a chemical that travels via the blood from an endocrine gland to affect target cells/organs that have specific receptors for the hormon
  34. endocrine
    hormone travels via the blood to affect cells in a remote location
  35. paracrine
    hormones affect processes in adjacent/nearby cells
  36. autocrine
    hormones affect processes in cells of origin
  37. homeostasis
    maintenance of steady states in the animal by coordinated physiological processes or feedback mechanisms
  38. label:
     
  39. label:
     
  40. What are endocrine glands surrounded by?
    capsule of dense irregular connective tissue
  41. hypophysis
    pituitary gland
  42. location of the hypophysis
    in a depression of the sphenoid bone (sella turcica)
  43. sella turcica
    depression of the sphenoid bone where the pituitary gland sits
  44. neurohypophysis
    posterior pituitary
  45. adenohypophysis
    anterior pituitary
  46. label:
     
  47. Which lobe of the hypophysis stains paler?
    neurohypophysis (posterior)
  48. What part of the neurosecretory cells is present in the neurohypophysis?
    the axons
  49. pituicytes
    axon supporting connective tissue cells of the neurohypophysis
  50. 2 hormones secreted by the neurosecretory cells of the neurohypophysis
    • 1) ADH
    • 2) oxytocin 
  51. Where are the cell bodies of neurohypophyseal neurosecretory cells located?
    in the paraventricular and supraoptic nuclei of the hypothalamus
  52. 5 cell types of the adenohypophysis
    • 1) somatotrophs
    • 2) lactotrophs
    • 3) corticotrophs
    • 4) thyrotrophs
    • 5) gonadotrophs 
  53. somatotroph hormone
    human growth hormone
  54. thyrotroph hormone
    thyroid-stimulating hormone
  55. gonadotroph hormones (2)
    • 1) follicle stimulating hormone
    • 2) luteinizing hormone 
  56. lactotroph hormone
    prolactin
  57. corticotroph hormones
    adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) 

    (some melanocyte stimulating hormone) 
  58. label:
  59. 2 hormones secreted by follicular (principal) cells
    • 1) thyroxine (T4)
    • 2) triiodothyronine (T3) 
  60. hormone secreted by C (parafollicular) cells
    Calcitonin
  61. major component of colloid
    thyroglobulin
  62. identify:
  63. 2 parathyroid cell types
    • 1) chief cells (majority)
    • 2) oxyphil cells
  64. hormone secreted by the parathyroid gland (& which cell secretes it)
    • parathyroid hormone; 
    • chief cells
  65. outermost layer of the adrenal cortex and its hormone
    • zona glomerulosa
    • mineralocorticoids (aldosterone) 
  66. middle layer of the adrenal cortex and its hormone
    • zona fasciculata
    • glucocorticoids (cortisol) 
  67. innermost layer of the adrenal cortex and its hormone
    • zona reticularis
    • androgens 
  68. adrenal medulla cells and secreted hormones
    • chromaffin cells (stimulated by sympathetic NS)
    • epinephrine, norephinephrine
  69. identify/label:
     
  70. endocrine portion of the pancreas
    pancreatic islets
  71. identify endocrine portion:
     
    2
  72. 4 endocrine cells in pancreas
    • 1) alpha (glucagon)
    • 2) beta (insulin)
    • 3) delta (somatostatin)
    • 4) F (pancreatic polypeptide) 
  73. alpha cell hormone secreted
    glucagon
  74. beta cell hormone secreted
    insulin
  75. delta cell hormone secreted
    somatostatin
  76. F cell hormone secreted
    pancreatic polypeptide
  77. gonads
    produce (haploid) gametes
  78. gamete
    sex cells (haploid)
  79. dartos muscle function
    wrinkles & raises scrotum
  80. cremaster muscle function
    adjust distance of testes from the body (temperature regulation)
  81. identify dartos and cremaster muscles:
     
  82. label:
     
  83. pathway of flow of sperm from seminiferous tubules to spermatic cord (7 steps)
    seminiferous tubules -> straight tubules -> rete testis -> efferent ducts -> epididymis -> vas deferens  -> spermatic cord
  84. identify:
     
    seminiferous tubule
  85. Leydig cells
    • triangular shaped cells between seminiferous tubules
    • stimulated by luteinizing hormone to secrete testosterone
    •  
  86. Sertoli cells
    • surround cells undergoing spermatogenesis
    • assist cells moving from basement membrane to lumen 
  87. spermatogenesis
    • the formation of haploid sperm with half the number of chromosomes
    • occurs in the walls of seminiferous tubules 
  88. haploid
    any cell that has 1 set of chromosomes (23)
  89. diploid
    any call that has 2 sets of chromosomes (46)
  90. label:
     
  91. During meiosis I of spermatogenesis...
    primary spermatocyte (2n) -> secondary spermatocyte (n)
  92. During meiosis II of spermatogenesis...
    secondary spermatocytes -> spermatids
  93. label:
     
  94. female gonads
    ovaries
  95. female gametes
    oocytes
  96. label
     
  97. identify:
    • 1) endometrium
    • 2) endometrial glands
    • 3) stratum functionalis
    • 4) stratum basalis
    • 5) myometrium 
  98. What part of the uterine wall is lost during menstruation?
    stratum functionalis

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