MedTerm Chap 7

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MedTerm Chap 7
2012-06-14 22:32:43

Chap 7
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  1. -pnea
  2. Resp. or R
  3. SOB
    shortness of breath
  4. PNA
  5. COPD
    chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
  6. URI
    upper respiratory infection
  7. Resp Sys
    brings oxygen into body for transportation of cells; removes co2
  8. Upper resp. tract/infection
    nose, mouth, pharynx, epiglottis, lanynx and trachea
  9. Lower resp. tract/infection
    bronchial tree and lungs
  10. nose
    warm and filters air
  11. Olfactory receptors
    nerve endings act as receptors for scence of smell
  12. Tonsils
    protective circle of lymphatic tissue around RS
  13. Pharynx
    throat, recieves air
  14. Larynx
    voice box between pharnyx and trachea
  15. Epiglottis
    lid structure, does not let food through
  16. Trachea
    wind pipe; infront of esophagus; extends from neck to chest
  17. Aveoli
    air sacs; small cluster at end of each bronchiole; exchange o2 and co2
  18. Lungs
    organ of respiration
  19. Pleura
    membrane that covers outer surface of lungs and inner surface of ribcage
  20. Pleural cavity
    area between layers of pleural membrane
  21. External respiration
    bringing of air into and out of lungs and exchange gases
  22. Internal respiration
    exchange of gases within cells of body organs and tissues
  23. COPD
    lung disease in which it's hard to breath
  24. Chronic bronchitis
    airways inflamed, thicken and increase number and size of mucus production cells
  25. Emphysema
    progressive loss of lung function
  26. Asthma
    chronic allergic disorder
  27. Corticosteriods
    man made steriod to enhance antiinflmmation
  28. Epistaxis
    nose bleed
  29. Sinusitis
    inflamation of sinuses
  30. Pharyngitis
    sore throat
  31. Dysphonia
    change in voice quality
  32. Laryngitis
    inflammation of larynx
  33. Pleurisy (pleuritis)
    inflammation produces chest pain
  34. Pneumothorax
    accumulation of air in pleural space
  35. Hemoptysis
    choughing up blood
  36. Pleural effusion
    abnormal accumulation of fluid in pleural space
  37. Pulonary edema
    accumulation of fluid in lung tissue
  38. Pneumonia
    serious infection or inflmmation of lungs in which smallest bronchioles and alveoli fill with pus on other
  39. Aspiration Pneumonia
    when foreign substance, like vomit, is inhaled into lungs
  40. Apnea
    absance of spontaneous respiration
  41. Tachypnea/bradypnea
    rapid breathing/slow breathing
  42. Dyspnea/SOB
    shortness of breath
  43. Hyperventilation
    abnormal reapid reate of deep respiration
  44. Airway obstruction
  45. Asphynia
    body cannot get enough air
  46. Cyanosis
    discoloration of skin by lack of oxygen
  47. Hypoxia/hypoxemia
    below normal oxygen level in the body
  48. Pulse oximeter
    monitor on finger or ear to see oxygen saturation level in blood
  49. Sputum
    phlegm ejected through the mouth that can be examined
  50. Bronchodilator
    medication that expands opening of passages into lungs
  51. Nebulizer (atomizer)
    pumps air or oxygen through a liquid medicine into vapor
  52. Thoracentesis
    surgical puncture of the chest wall to obtain fluid
  53. Thoracotomy
    remove all or part of lung for cancer
  54. CPAP device
    treatment for sleep apnea
  55. Nasal connula
    small tube that divides into 2 nasal prongs