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What idea or belief gave rise to orchestral "story telling" or program music?
the sound created by an orchestra could describe what words could not.
Name the 3 main exponenets of orchestral program music in the 19th century?
Name Berlioz's 4 symphonies in chronological order.
- Symphonie Fantastique (1830)
- Harold in Italy (1834)
- Romeo and Juliet (1839)
- Funeral and Triumphant Symphony (1840)
Name the new musical principal developed in the symphonies of Berlioz and Liszt.
- B- idee fixe
- L- theme transformation
Faust symphony: composer, titles, importance.
- " A Faust Symphony in 3 character studies: Faust, Gretch, Mephistopheles"
- A program symphony with theme transformation (III contains no new themes)
Name 2 Liszt symphonies and their dates.
What did Liszt add to the evolution of the symphony?
- Theme transformation
- Abondoned the 4 movement form for 1 movement form and program symphonies
- increased chromaticism- experimental tonality and harmony
- enlarged orchestra, especially brass
What did Berlioz add to the evolution of the symphony?
- idee fixe
- descriptive orchestration and tone colors
- musical effect became a formal device
- programmatic works
- huge orchestrations (like SF has English horn, expanded clarinet section, 4 horns, 2 cornets in addition to trumpets, 3 fr. horns, 2 tubas, 4 timpani, percussion, 2 harps, bells, strings and other standard instruments)
What makes Faust, III a striking example of theme transformation?
there are no new themes in the movement, instead the primary themes are distorted and transformed. There are parodies of the Faust themes, showing Mephistopheles to be the corrupter/distorter.
Dante: composer, year, number of movements with names, composer intention/addition.
- 2 movements: Inferno and Pergatorio
- SUpposed to be III (Paradisio), but decided to expand 2nd movement to include a Magnificat for Women's Voices (ensemble)
Name all 13 symponic poems of Liszt.
- Ce qu'on entend sur le Montagne
- Les Preludes
- Tass, Lamento e Trionfo
- Heroide funebre
- Festklaenge (Festal Sounds)
- Die Ideale
- Von der Wiege bis zum Grabe (From the Cradle to the Grave)
5 Accomplishment of New German School in 19th Century Symphony and some composers associated with it.
Liszt, Reff, others
- 1. programmatic aspects
- 2. extended harmonic language with increased chromaticism
- 3. Development of new forms
- 4. Exploration of new orchestral sounds
- 5. Renewed interest in bringing art forms together