Music History, ch 3-4

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kaila.lifferth
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158924
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Music History, ch 3-4
Updated:
2012-06-18 17:19:48
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music history
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Music History
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  1. Proper of the mass
    Texts of the mass that are assigned to a particular day in the church calendar (Introit, Collect, Epistle, Gradual, Alleluia/ Tract, Sequence, Gospel, Sermon, Offertory, Secret, Preface, Communion, Postcommunion)
  2. Ordinary of the Mass
    Texts of the Mass that stay the same on most or all days of the church calendar, though the tunes may change (Kyrie, Gloria, Credo, Prayers, Sanctus, Canon, Pater noster, Agnus Dei, Ite, missa est)
  3. Office
    A series of 8 prayer services of the Roman church, celebrated daily at specified times, especially at monestaries and convents (Matins, Lauds, and Vespers are most important musically)
  4. Antiphon
    A chant sung before and after the psalm
  5. Responsories
    Bible reading lessons with musical responses in chant
  6. Canticles
    Poetic passages from parts of the bible other than the Book of Psams
  7. Responsorial Chant
    Soloist alternates with the choir or congregation
  8. Antipohonal Chant
    Two groups or halves of the choir alternate
  9. Direct Chant
    Without alternation between groups or between soloist and group
  10. Syllabic
    Chants in which almost every syllable has a single note
  11. Neumatic
    Chants in which syllables carry one to six notes or so
  12. Melismatic
    Long melodic passages on a single syllable
  13. Recitation formulas
    simple melodic outlines that can be used with many different texts
  14. Psalm tones
    formulas for singing psalms in the Office. There is one psalm tone for each mode.
  15. Intonation
    The first notes of a chant, sung by a soloist to establish the pitch for the choir, which joins the soloist to continue the chant.
  16. Mediant
    In a psalm tone, the cadence that marks the middle of the psalm verse
  17. Termination
    In a psalm tone, the cadence that marks the end of the psalm verse.
  18. Lesser Doloxogy
    A formula of praise to the Trinity. Used with psalms, introits, and other chants.
  19. Cantor
    The leader of the choir
  20. Strophic
    Consisting of several stanzas that are all sung to the same melody
  21. Psalmody
    The singing of psalms
  22. Sequence
    A category of Latin chant that follows the Alleluia in some masses. Sequences are set syllabically to a text that is mostly in couplets.
  23. Liturgical Dramas
    Dialogue on a sacred subject, set to music and usually performed with action, and linked to the liturgy
  24. Versus
    A type of Latin sacred song, either momophonic or polyphonic, setting a rhymed, rhythmic poem. Influenced Troubadour, and Aquitanian polyphony.
  25. Conductus
    (12th C) A song performed while a liturgical book was carried into place for a reading or a celebrant was "comducted" from one place to another. Later the term was used for any serious Latin song, monophonic or polyphonic, setting a rhymed.
  26. Goliard songs
    Late 10th- Early 13th C-associated with wandering students and clerics known as goliards
  27. Chanson de geste
    "song of deeds"- type of medieval French epic recounting the deeds of national heros, sung to melodic formulas
  28. bards
    poet singers
  29. Jongleurs
    traveling entertainers that made a living by performing tricks, telling stories, and singing or playing instruments.
  30. Minstrel
    13th C a term for specialized musicians, many of whom were employed at a court or city for at least part of the year, although they also traveled.
  31. Troubadours
    12th and 13th C: A poet-composer of northern France who wrote monophonic songs in Occitan
  32. Trouvere
    12th and 13th C: a poet-composer of northern Francewho wrote monophonic songs in Old French
  33. Refrain
    a recurring phrase or verse with music
  34. fin'amors/ fine amour
    Occitan/ French respectively, meaning "refined love" or "courtly love." An idealized love trhough which the lover was himself refined. The object was a real woman, adored from a distance, with discretion, respect, and humility
  35. rondeau
    a dance song with a refrain in two phrases whose music is also used for the verse: ABaAabAB (capital letters indicating lines of refrain, and lowercaseletters indicating new text set to music from the refrain)
  36. Minnesinger
    A poet-composer of medieval Germany who wrote monophonic songs, particularly about love, in Middle High German
  37. Minnelieder
    Songs of the Minnesinger, usually strophic, in bar form (AAB) 
  38. Bar form
    AAB
  39. Abgesang
    B section in bar form
  40. Stollen
    A section in bar form
  41. Laude
    sacred Italian monophonic songs. Composed in cities rather than at court. Laude were sung in processions. From the late 14th C on, moste laude were polyphonic
  42. Cantigas
    medieval monophonic song in Spanish or Portuguese
  43. carole
    medieval circle or line dance, or the monophonic song that accompanied it.
  44. estampie
    Medieval instrumental dance that features a series of sections, each played twice with two different endings, ouvert (open or incomplete cadence) and clos (full cadence).
  45. Trope
    expands an existing chant in one of three ways: by adding (1) words and melody; (2) a melisa; or (3) words only, set to an existing melisma or other melody

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