Lab values

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Author:
dconhokie
ID:
158974
Filename:
Lab values
Updated:
2012-06-16 20:55:58
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Lab Values
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Lab values
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  1. Red Blood cells
    • M: 4.5-5.3
    • F: 4.1-5.1 
  2. Hemoglobin
    • M: 13-18g
    • F: 12-16g

    • <8g No exercise
    • 8-10g= light exercise
    • >10g as tolerated
    • use this value FIRST 
  3. Hematocrit

    (how much of your full blood is hemoglobin)
    • M: 37-49%
    • F: 36-46%

    • <25% --no exercise
    • 25%> light exercise
  4. WHite Blood cells
    • 4500-11,000 cells (doesn't tell function)
    • -Neutrophils matters more

    <5,000 OR >10,000 w/ fever =NO EXERCISE
  5. Neutrophils (WBC's)
    1800-7000 cells (50-60% neutrophils)

    • absolute neutrophil count < 500-1000
    • may be placed on  neutrophenic precautions low immune sys.
    • no fresh fruit or flowers. 
  6. Platelets
    <20,000 no exercise (high risk for bleeding or bruising)

    • 20,000-50,000 No resistive exercise (wt. training)
    • (aerobic is ok) 
  7. CBC panel
    •                                 Hemoglobin (HgB)  
    • WBC's                     Hematocrit (HCT)      Platelets (plts) 
  8. Hgb
    • M: 13-18
    • F: 12-16
    • use this value FIRST

    • <8g=no exercise
    • 8-10= light exercise
    • >10g= exercise as tolerated
  9. Sodium (Na)
    135-145


    <110 critical cutoff point

    WITHHOLD PT
  10. Potassium (K)
    most important one!!

    3.5-5.0

    <3.2 >5.1= contra to PT b/c risk of dysrhythmias 
  11. Chloride (Cl)
    95-105
  12. Bicarbonate (HCO)
    22-26
  13. Blood Glucose
    70-110mg

    above 110= monitor them 
  14. Chem 7/ Panel 7
    • Na       Cl           BUN
    •                                          Glucose
    • K         HCO3    Cr 
  15. Total Cholesterol
    <200mg

    preferably <180mg 
  16. LDL
    <100mg
  17. Triglycerides
    <150mg
  18. HDL
    • M: >40mg
    • F: >50mg

    >60mg is protective 
  19. PaCO2
    35-45mmHG

    as CO2 increases pH decreases
  20. HCO3
    22-26

    HCO increases, pH increases too 
  21. PaO2
    >80mmHG

    Has NO EFFECT on pH 
  22. Arterial Blood Gasses
    pH /             PaCO2   /    PaO2   /   HCO3

    7.40/               40     /      97       /   4

    7.35-7.45/  35-45    /      >80     /   22-26
  23. Mixed Venous Blood gasses
    pH /             PaCO2   /    PaO2   /   HCO3

    7.31-7.41/  41-51    /      35-40     /   22-26
  24. creatinine
    0.6-1.2

    waste product of creatine phosphate 
  25. Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN)
    10-20mg

    • >20 sign of renal failure
    •  

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