Vital Signs

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Vital Signs
2012-06-18 10:33:35

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  1. What is AIDET?
    Acknowledge Introduce Duration Explanation Thank you

    A powerful wayto communicate with people who are often nervous, anxious and feeling vulnerable. 
  2. Whats the normal oral temperatures?
    • 98.2 to 99.6 degrees F
    • (36.6 to 37.6 C 
  3. Whats the normal rectal temperature?
    .5 to 1.0 degrees higher than oral teperature.

    99.2- 100.7 F 
  4. What is the normal temperature for an axilalry temperature?
    • .5 degrees to 1.0 degrees F lower than oral temperatures.
    • 97.2 -> 98.6 
  5. For a child thast 3 months to 3 years, what is the normal temperature?
    99 to 99.7 degrees F
  6. What is the normal temperature for a child tahts 5 - 13 years old?
    97.8 to 98.6 degrees F
  7. What is a fever/ Whats another name for it? Whats the normal temperature?
    It's a sign of an increase in body metabolism, in response to an infectious process. 

    Also known as pyrexia or hyeprthermia.

    100.4 degrees is usually considered a fever.
  8. Whats a condition with a body temp below normal limits?
  9. What temperature cant a person suriive in?
    • 105.8 to 111.2 degrees for pyrexica
    • 93.2 degrees and below for hypothermia 
  10. What is the most accurate temperatre taking method?
    Rectal temperature
  11. Whats the normal blood pressure?
    120 to 80
  12. What is a pulse?
    Advancing pressure wave in an artery caused by the expulsion of blodo when the left ventricle ofthe heart contracts

    Simply, surge of blood that is pushed through the arteries when the heart beats. 
  13. Where are the 7 Locations for pulse?
    • Radial Pulse: At the wrist at the base of the thumb
    • Carotid Pulse: Over the artery at hte front of the neck
    • Femoral Pulse: Over at the femoral artery in the groin.
    • Poplieteal Pulse: posterior surface of the knee
    • Temporal pulse: over the temporal artery in the front of the ear.
    • Dorsalis pedis pulse: top of the feet with the groove etween th extensor tendonds of the great and second toe.
    • Posterior tibial pulse: On the inner side of ankles 
  14. When the pulse rate is rapid, what happenes to blood pressure?
    Blood pressure is low.

    Vice versa 
  15. What the normal average pulse rate in a adult man and women?
    60-90 bpm.
  16. What is the normal pusl erate for an infant?
    120 bpm
  17. What is the normal pulse rate for a child?  (4 - 10 year old )
  18. Rapid pulse above 100  BPM is known as..
  19. What is a slow heart rate ( below 60 bpm ) called?
  20. What is the most common site for palpation of the pulse?
    Radial artery.
  21. What must be used to take an apical pulse?
  22. HOw do you count respirations?
    Note number of inhalations per minute.
  23. Whats the nromal adult range for breaths?
    12 to 20 breaths per minute
  24. Whats a normal breath per minute for infants?
    30-60 breaths per min
  25. What is dysapnea?
    Difficulty breathing.
  26. What is tachypnea?
    extreme/rapid breathing
  27. What is hyperventialtion?
    when a patient breaths too much oxygen and exhaled too much carbon dioixe.
  28. What should you NOT do with pateints that have pulmonary disease?
    They should not force these patients to lay flat.
  29. What is the normal readign for blood pressure?
  30. For example, BP is 120/80, what does the 120 stand for? What does the 80?
    Systolic pressure - Measure of the amount of blood flow ejected from the left ventricle of the heart.

    Diatolic Pressure - Indiicates teh ammoutn of restiance fo the blood meets due to systemic vascular resistence.
  31. As a person ages, whatt happesn to blood pressure?
    It deteriorates.
  32. Whats the normal systolic range?
    110 - 140 mm Hg
  33. Whats the normal diastolioc range?
    60 to 80 mm Hg
  34. Which has a higher BP? Men or Women? Which age group  has the highest? Which age group has the lowest?
    • Men have higher BP than women
    • Infants generlaly have the highest BP ( 90/50 - 120/70 )
    • Adolscents have the loewst ( 85/45 - 130/85 ) 
  35. What is prehypertension?
    when systolic pressure is 120 - 139 o rif a diastolic pressure is 80-89.
  36. Whats conisdreed a high blood pressure? Whats the proper term for it? 
    • 140/90 and overf  is conisdered high 
    • Hypertension.
  37. What is hypotension?
    When a systolic BP is less than 90 mmHG and distolic pressure less than 50 mmHG.

    Occurs from bleeding, vomitting and heat exhaustion. 
  38. What are usd for routine blood pressure measurement?
    Sphygnamanometer and stethoscope.
  39. What do yo do in order to have a baseline for BP?
    Do three readings.