Basic Sentence Structure

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  1. Adjective
    • modifies a noun.
    • Examples: yellow, pretty, useful
  2. Article
    • pecifies whether the noun is specific or a member of a class. The definite article "the" refers to specific objects. The indefinite articles "a", and "an" refer to an unspecified member of a class. The article "a" is used before a word starting with a consonant sound and "an" is used before a word starting with a vowel sound.
    • Examples: a, an, the
  3. Adverb
    • modifies a verb or an adjective. Many adverbs have the suffix -ly.
    • Examples: very, extremely, carefully
  4. Conjunction
    • joins components of a sentence or phrase. Coordinating conjunctions join clauses which are equally important. A subordinating conjunctionjoins a dependent clause to a main clause. Some conjunctions occur in pairs, e.g., neither ... nor, either ... or. 
    • Examples: and, but, or
  5. Interjection
    • used for exclamations.
    • Examples: Oh!, Aha!
  6. Noun
    • names an object or action. Common nouns refer to ordinary things. Proper nouns are usually capitalized and refer to persons, specific things or specific places.
    • Examples: mouse, fire, Michael
  7. Preposition
    • indicates relationship or relative position of objects.
    • Examples: in, about, toward 
  8. Pronoun
    • used in place of a noun. Personal pronouns are used to refer to persons. Interrogative pronouns introduce questions. Demonstrative pronounsrefer to a previously mentioned object or objects. Relative pronouns introduce clauses. 
    • Examples: he, this 
  9. Verb
    • specifies an action or links the subject to a complement. The tense of a verb indicates the time when the action happened, e.g., past, present, of future. 
    • Examples: take, is, go, fire
  10. Perfect tense
    • The grammatical term "perfect" expresses an action or state completed at the time of speaking or at a time spoken of.
    • Examples: Present perfect "has studied" Past perfect "had studied" Future pefect "will have studied"
  11. "continuous" or "progressive" 
    • Indicates an on-going action.
    • Examples: Present perfect continuous "has been studying", [ast perfect continuous "had been studying", future perfect continuous "will have been studying"
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Basic Sentence Structure
2012-06-18 15:36:36

Basic English Sentence Structure
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