Card Set Information
FT2 Sterile techniques fields
Sterile Technique and Surgical Asepsis
When Surgical Asepsis?
During procedures that require intentional perforation of the client’s skin
When the skin’s integrity is broken as a result of trauma, surgical incision or burns
During procedures that involve insertion of catheters or surgical instruments into sterile body cavities – what are sterile body cavities?
Check out http://www.or-live.com
What is surgical asepsis?
What is it?
: Do I wash my hands differently? Yup. 2 minutes, vigorous scrub, antimicrobial soap, rinse fingers up.
Review PPEs for OR before going into clinical. Will pay dividends!
When is an field considered sterile?
Includes procedures that eliminate all microorganisms from an object or area
Object or area considered contaminated if touched by anything not sterile
Important to explain the procedure thoroughly to the client
Requires client cooperation – why?
Principles of Surgical asepsis
A sterile object remains sterile only when touched by something sterile
Only sterile objects may be placed on a sterile field
A sterile object or field
out of the range of vision
object held below the waist
A sterile object or field becomes contaminated with prolonged exposure to air
When a sterile surface comes in contact with a wet non-sterile surface, the sterile object or field becomes contaminated by capillary action
Fluid flows from the direction of gravity
The edges of a sterile field or container are considered contaminated. 1" borders of a sterile field is not sterile.
Anything entering a sterile field should be allowed minimum of 6 inches above.
Planning ahead for sterile fields
Important to collect everything before you begin because you may not leave the sterile field
Sterile packages remain sterile as long as they are dry, intact and not expired.
Where is the trash can?
Does the 5-second rule apply to sterile fields?
Pouring solution into a sterile field
Lable time/date/initial when opened
Hold by label to prevent label from getting wet.
Pour off a bit of solution. Sterile solution will sterilize lip of container. "Lipping it."
Sterile fields techniques
Open sterile packages
: No reaching over allowed!
Adding to sterile field
When do I put on my sterile gloves?