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A_______type is something a person is born with
The five different skin types are
Only one skin type can also be a skin condition what is it?
When the skin lacks _____ it is classified as a dry skin type
Small follicles indicate that the skin is
This skin type has an unhealthy acid mantle and skin barrier function
Occlusive products do what
Reduce transepidermal water loss
Which skin types can be dehydrated
Dry oily combination
Skin that is dehydrated lacks
When follicles go from smaller to medium just on the edge of the tzone by the nose the skin type is
Blemishes develop in oily skin because the pores get clogged with
Oil and dead skin cells
Having a good water and oil balance is characteristic of which skin type
Products and exposure to heat or sun can easily irritate this skin type
The ____is a skin typing system that shows the skins ability to withstand sun exposure
The Fitzpatrick scale classifies people with very fair skin blond or red hair and light colored eyes as
________on the Fitzpatrick scale includes mideastern skin that tans and is rarely sensitive to the sun
Different amounts of _______are found in black Hispanic Asian and native American skin types
Hyper keratosis can be defined as
Excessive dead skin cell buildup and cell turnover
Darker skin types can suffer from ______ due to trauma extractions sun damage or exfoliation
Post inflammatory hyperpigmentation
Which ethnic skin type is considered to be most sensitive peels?
You should be most concerned about the _____ when treating skin
A persons skin condition can be influenced by
Internal and external factors
Which of the following are skin conditions?
Couperose.sensitive and wrinkling
Rough areas that are caused by sun exposure and are sometimes accompanied by a layered scale or scan are characteristics of this skin condition
Inflammatory redness is called
Choose the description that best describes comedones
Blackheads and whiteheads
A blackhead can be most accurately described as an
What type of skin condition is caused by smoking
When skin is asphyxiated what does it lack?
Large blackheads around the eyes are specifically called
When papules become infected and contain fluid they are called
Externally the skin is most damaged by
What does MED stand for?
minimal erythemal dose
how long it takes to become red from sun exposure
Skin can suffer from________as a result of being exposed to UVA rays
photoaging skin cancer DNA damage
UVB rays are characterized by
Shorter stronger wavelengths
What are the causes of erythema
cell damage and blood vessel dilation in the dermis
This layer of the atmosphere is responsible for absorbing UVC rays
High amounts of antioxidants can be found in these foods
berries and citrus fruit
A family of antioxidants known as polyphenols can be found in
green tea red grapes strawberries and pomegranates
_________for esthetic services include contagious diseases
Lupus is one example of an __________disease
Harsh exfoliating or waxing treatments should always be avoided when clients are taking
These treatments may trigger epileptic seizure
light or electrical treatments
Clients with ______ should not recieve electrical treatments
heart abnormalities or have a pacemaker
You must ask important questions such as What are you skin concerns when:
doing a consultation
Asking your client how their skin feels during different parts of the day provides valuable information about what?
oiliness or dryness
Touching the skin with your fingers during a skin analysis helps you to determine whether or not the skin is
The four components of every skin analysis include?
look feel ask and listen
What is your most important tool?
The quality of the skin can be ________improved with professional skin care products
Skin care ingredients can be studied at a_______level.
How many different products must you know about to effectively practice professional skin care?
a broad spectrum of products
Cosmetics are distinguished from drugs by this act
Cosmetic Act of 1938