Ch. 4

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kindlyunspoken09
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159269
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Ch. 4
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2012-06-19 19:33:28
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  1. generally hard lustrous elements that are malleable and ductile. readily conduct elevtricity and heat
    metals
  2. generally gases or soft solids that do not conduct electricity
    nonmetals
  3. elements that have intermediate properties and are sometimes classified as a separate group
    metalloids
  4. horizontal rows of elements in the table
    periods
  5. families of elements that fall into vertical columns
    groups


  6. pink section
    alkali metals


  7. red section
    alkaline earth metals


  8. yellow section
    halogens


  9. where are the chalcogens
    group VI A


  10. green section
    noble gases


  11. brown section
    transition metals


  12. purple section
    inner transition metals
  13. inorganic compounds composed of just two elements
    metal cations and nonmetal anions
    metal-nonmetal binary compounds
  14. when the charge on the metal ion follows the name of the metal in roman numerals and in parentheses
    stock method
  15. the name of the metal ion that has the lower charge ends in -ous and the higher ends in -ic
    classical method
  16. anions composed of oxygen and one other element
    oxyanions
  17. an ionic compound formed by the combination of a cation with an anion
    salt
  18. composed of hydrogen plus one other element
    binary acids
  19. the acids formed by combinationof hydrogen with most of the polyatomic anions
    oxyacids
  20. NH4+
    ammonium
  21. OH-
    hydroxide
  22. NO3-
    nitrate
  23. NO2-
    nitrite
  24. ClO3-
    chlorate
  25. ClO4-
    perchlorate
  26. ClO2-
    chlorite
  27. ClO-
    hypochlorite
  28. C2H3O2-
    acetate
  29. CN-
    cyanide
  30. CO32-
    carbonate
  31. HCO3-
    hydrogen carbonate
  32. SO42-
    sulfate
  33. HSO4-
    hydrogen sulfate
  34. SO32-
    sullfite
  35. HSO3-
    hydrogen sulfite
  36. PO43-
    phosphate
  37. tetra-
    4
  38. hepta-
    7
  39. nona-
    9

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