DCFD Driver 1
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DCFD Driver 1
Fire Dept Pumping Apparatus Driver Operator Handbook quiz
Pumping Apparatus Driver/Operator Handbook second ed.
Fire apparatus driver/operators are responsible for:
Safely transporting fire fighters, apparatus, and equip to and from the scene of an emergency or other call for service.
The number of firefighter fatalities occurring while responding to or returning from emergencies is second only to the number of fatalities resulting from:
Once on the scene, driver/operators must be capable of:
operating their assigned apparatus compentenly, swiftly, and safely. they must also ensure that the apparatus and the equipment it carries are ready at all times.
Some examples of job functions that require writing skills are:
completing maintenace reports, equipment repair requests, and incident reports.
Driver operators must be prepared to physically perform thier tasks in accordance with:
NFPA 1500, Standard on Fire Department Occupational Safety and Health Program.
NFPA 1582 states that firefighters have a visual acuity of:
at least 20/40
NFPA 1582 reccomends that firefighter candidates with hearing loss of 40 decibles or more at frequencies of 500-1000-2000 hz in the unaided better ear should be:
An effective training program consists of:
classroom, practical training in the field, and testing to ensure the person is ready for the responsibility of real world settings.
In general a fire apparatus driver/operator is subject
to all statutes, laws and ordinances that govern any vehicle operator.
Driver/Opperators are not exempt from, and must obey all:
local driving regulations, in non emergency driving.
A driver/operator that does not obey state, local, and departmental driving regulations:
may be subject to criminal and civil prosecution.
If a driver/operator is found to be negligent who may be held responsible?
the driver/operator and the fire department.
In the United States, the federal Department of Transportation (DOT) establishes:
the basic requirements for licensing of drivers.
The main purpose of the fire department pumper/engine/wagon/triple etc. is.
to provide water at an adequate pressure for fire streams.
The water supplied by the pumper may come from:
the apparatus tank, a fire hydrant, or a static supply such as a lake or pond.
The standard specifies that the minimum pump capacity for these vehicles is:
For pumps larger than 750 gpm, standard pump capacities are found in increments of:
250 gpm. Municipal fire dept pumpers rarely have pump capacities exceeding 2000 gpm.
The pumper must also be equipped with a variety of hose sizes and types to include:
Intake hose, supply hose, and attack hose.
What NFPA standard specifies the minimum portable equipment that must be carried on all fire dept pumpers
Municipal and industrail foam pumpers may be equipped with what foam systems.
around the pump, direct injection, balanced pressure foam proportioning, compressed air foam systems (CAFS) or a combination of these.
What do some apparatus equipped with foam systems also require?
a sizable air compressor.
the most common size foam tanks for municipal fire apparatus range from:
20 to 100 gallons.
Elevating water devices typically range in height from:
50 to 75 feet.
Tankers are used for:
to transport water to areas beyond a water system or to areas where water supply is inadequate
Water shuttles may flow more easily when?
when water supply appatatus of the same or similar size are used
How much water does NFPA 1901 specify that a apparatus must carry to be considered a mobile water supply apparatus?
What is the weight distribution/load limit for single axle tankers?
What are the two basic methods that tankers use to supply water to support pumpers?
: where a tanker acts as a water reservoir and is parked near the fire and directly feed pumpers.
water shuttle operations
: where tankers dump thier load into a portable water tank and leave to refill at a separate source.
Brush Pumpers generally have pump capacities and water tank sizes of:
less than 500 gallons
What ability of apparatus gives tremendous advantage when combating wildland fires?
the ability to pump-and-roll. This ability uses a separate motor or a power take off (PTO) to power the fire pump.
Both NFP 1500 and NIOSH prohibit the wildland fire fighting practice of:
allowing fire fighters to ride and discharge water from the outside of a moving vehicle
What agent has proved to be very effective at attacking wildland fires and protecting exposures?
class A foam.
What NFPA regulation specifies the requirements for the design of wildland fire apparatus?
standard for wildland fire apparatus
What is the first priority of using an aerial apparatus?
Positioning the apparatus with the aerial device in mind
What epuipment must an apparatus have in order to be considered a quint?
An aerial device, ground ladders, fire pump, water tank, and fire hose.
What does NFPA 1901 state is the minimum pump capacity for an aerial apparatus?
250gpm at 150 psi. If the apparauts is going to be considered a true quint it must have at least a 750gpm pump.
How is electrical power generation equipment used?
to power flood lights and other electrical tools or other equipment that may be required on the emergency scene.
What is an inverter?
Inverters are step up transformer that converts the vehicles 12 or 24 volt DC current in 110 or 220 volt AC current
How many watts are inverters generally capable of providing?
1500 watts or 1.5kW or more. They are most commonly used for to power vehicle mounted flood lights.
How are vehicle mounted generators powered?
gasoline, diesel, propane, or by power take off (PTO) systems. With 110 or 220v capabilities up to 12000 watts (12k).
What two catagories can lighting equipment be devided into?
portable lights can be moved to best effect and generally range from 300 to 1000 watts.
: fixed lighting are mounted to the vehicle and provide overall lighting of the emergency scene, and generally range from 500 to 1500 watts
What is the most common size electrical cable carried on trucks?
12gauge, 3 wire.
What are the most common type of extrication tools.
hydrolic powered tools. They recieve power from hydrolic flud supplied by special hoses from a pump.
What are the four basic types of extrication tools?
spreaders, shears, extension rams, and combination spreader/shears.
Most hydrolic power units are not capable of operating the tools at full speed when the hose length exceeds:
What is the best method for preventing equipment failures
performing routine maintenance checks on a regular basis
keeping apparatus and equpment in a state of usefulness or readiness.
to restore or replace that which has become inoperable.
What is the purpose of preventitive maintenance?
to try to eliminate unexpected and catastrophic apparatus/equipment failures that put lives and property at risk.
Give three reasons for maintenance and inspection records.
In the event of an accident
To aid in decisions of whether to repair or replace items.
What are the most vulnerable areas of the apparatus to damage through grime oil and dirt?
The engine, wiring, carburator or fuel injectors, and controls.
Why should one keep the apparatus body clean?
to promote a longer vehicle life
After heavy cleaning what should one do?
perform routine lubrication to ensure no unnecessary wear occurs.
What is the most common maintenance done on fire engines?
When washing a vehicle how far should the water stream reach from the hose?
no more than 1 foot
What should one not use to clean glass with?
dry towels, rags, or putty knives, razor blades or steel wool to remove deposits.
Name a pre-trip type of apparatus inspection
the walk around method
When should wax or polish be applied to new trucks?
not until the apparatus is at least 6 months old.
What is the final step in a pre trip apparatus inspection?
starting the apparatus and performing a functions check on its systems.
When should one begin the apparatus inspection process?
as one approaches the vehicle. looking for any damage, leaning or anything readily appearant.
The left and right rear inspection covers:
everything from the rear of the cab to the tail board on each side of the apparatus.
In what position should all electrical switches on the apparatus be in when starting?
in the off position to avoid an excessive load on the batteries.
When the speedometer is not at or nearly at zero what two possibilies exists?
the gauge is defective.
the truck is in pump gear
as a general rule of thumb what should the apparatus fuel level be at?
When should hearing protection be worn?
when noise levels are in excess of 90 decibles.
What does the electrical load management system do?
prevent an overload of the vehicles electrical generation system.
What does a load sequencer do?
it turns various lights on in at specific intervals so that the start up electrical load of all the devices does not occur at the same time.
What does the load monitor do?
it watches the system for additional electrical loads that threaten to overload the system.
What is load shedding?
when an overload condition occurs the load monitor shuts down less important equipment to prevent a overload.
drivers must know the difference between _______ and _____ in the electrical systems of thier apparatus.
load shedding and electrical malfunction.
The driver should check the apparatus steering system for:
excesive play. No more than 10 degrees in either direction without a wheel reaction.
a major cause of fire apparatus collisions is:
NFPA 1901 states that a new apparatus be brought to a complete stop from 20mph in a distance not to exceed:
NFPA 1901 states that apparatus parking brakes hold the vehicle in place on a grade of:
NFPA 1901 states that apparatus with air brakes must build to a sufficient level to allow vehicle operation within:
Apparatus with air brakes are to be equiped with an air protection valve that prevents:
the air horns from being operated when the air pressure is less than 80psi.
To test road brakes and parking brakes allow the apparatus to move forward at about 5mph then apply the brakes. The vehicle should come to a complete stop within:
about 20 feet.
When should the winshield washer fluid be filled?
When the reservoir is less than half full
name two different types of vehicle batteries
sealed: require only visual inspection
unsealed: require that individual cells be checked for the appropriate fluid level. use distilled water to fill.
How do you clear corrosion from batteries?
by mixing baking soda and water and pouring it on the corrosion thereby neutralizing it and removing debris with a wire brush.
the SAE number on vehicle oil indicates
What percentage of fire fighter deaths/injuries are caused by vehicle collisions while responding or returning from emergency calls?
20 to 25 percent
When are collisions most likely to occur?
during ideal road and driving conditions
List five basic causes for fire apparatus conditions.
1. Improper backing
2. Reckless driving by the public
3. Excessive speed by fire apparatus opperator
4. Lack of driving skill/experience by the fd driver
5. Poor apparatus design or maintenance
Excessive speed may lead to two of the following types of collisions
1. Control of the vehicle is lost on a curve or adverse road condition
2. The driver/operator is unable to stop in time to avoid a collision.
In what percentage of collisions is the driver/operator not aware of a problem until it was too late?
What does a gallon of water weigh?
How much does a gallon of gasoline weigh?
How much does a gallon of fuel oil weigh?
Driver/operators of fire apparatus are regulated by:
federal laws, state laws, city ordinances, NFPA standards and departmental policies.
Emergency vehicles are generally not exempt from laws that require vehicles to stop for:
School buses that are flashing signal lights for loading or unloading children. The apparatus should proceed slowly only after the bus driver has given the proper signal.
When should the driver start the apparatus?
as soon as possible, so that it is warmed up by the time crew has assembled.
Diesel emmisions contain:
Benzene a known carcinogen
The starter control of an apparatus should be operated in intervals of:
30 seconds with a 60 second rest interval between attemps.
If the oil pressure guage does not indicate a reasonable pressure within _____ seconds, the driver should:
Stop the vehicle immediately and have the lubrication system checked.
How can a driver significantly reduce drive-train damage and extend the service life of an apparatus?
by adopting proper operating habits.
What is the term for when the throttle is applied while the transmission is in too high a gear for the given set of conditions?
Lugging. Example: trying to accelerate up a steep grade.
One can extend the vehicles engine life by avoiding allowing the engine to overspeed. A driver should choose a gear that allows the the engine to operate _________ below the maximum recommended rpm.
200 to 300
What are some of the problems with excessive or abrupt breaking?
Skids, Injuries, and Mechanical Failure
The engine should be shut down rather than let it.
idle for long periods of time.
If the apparatus must be left to idle for long periods of time set it to idle at:
900 to 1100 rpm rather than lower speeds.
When must a driver keep thier apparatus under control?
at all times
What is the first element in learning to drive safely?
learning to develop a safety conscious attitude.
Drivers must always ensure:
the safety of all personnel riding on the apparatus
NFPA 1901 requires that a seatbelt:
be provided within the cab for every fire fighter who is expected to ride the vehicle.
the NFPA 1901 seatbelt standard does allow for three exceptions:
1. When provided pt care in the back of an ambulance
2. When loading hose back onto a fire apparatus
3. When providing training for personnel learning to drive the tiller portion of a tractor drawn aerial apparatus.
NFPA 1500 provides specific directions for loading hose while driving.
1. the procedures must be outlined in departmental sop's and all personnel must be trained in how to perform these operations.
2. At least one member who is not involved in the driving/loading process must be a safety observer with direct communication with the driver.
3. The area must be closed to other vehicular traffic.
4. The apparatus must be driven in a forward maner at no more than 5mph
5. No member may stand on any portion of the vehicle while moving.
6. Members in the hosebed must sit or kneel while it is moving.
When ever possible the driver should avoid:
backing the fire apparatus
When backing a fire apparatus the driver should have:
A backer or preferably two equiped with radios to alert the driver of potential hazards.
What is one of the most important aspects of safe driving?
Sound driving skills: to include
1. Anticipating other drivers actions
2. estimating visual lead times
3. Braking and reaction times
4. Combating skids
5. Evasive tactics
6. Knowledge of weight transfer
Where is the most likely location for a collision?
When obstructions block a drivers view of approaching traffic a driver should:
bring the aparatus to a complete stop before proceeding slowly.
Anticipation is key to safe driving. list 5 control factors.
1. Find a safe path well ahead.
2. Get the big picture
3. Scan do not stare
4. Leave yourself an "out"
5. Make sure others can see and hear you
The driver scanning far enough ahead of the aparatus, for the speed it is driving, to ensure that evasive action can be taken is called:
Visual lead time
The sum of the drivers reaction distance and the vehicles braking distance is called:
total stopping distance
Reaction distance can be affected by:
The distance the vehicle travels from the time breaks are applied until the vehicle comes to a complete stop is refered to as:
the braking distance
The ability to stop a vehicle are influenced by total stopping distance and what other factors?
condition and slope of driving surface
weight of vehicle
type and condition of vehicles braking system
What is the optimal stoping surface?
a flat paved dry road
When a vehicle undergoes a change of direction or speed what occurs?
The brakes on ABS equipped vehicles should be pumped to come to a stop. true or false?
false: steady pressure should be applied.
In general it is best to avoid passing vehicles that are not pulling over to yield to emergency aparatus. true or false
list 4 guidelines to safe passing
1. always travel in the innermost lane on multi lane roads
2. avoid passing vehicles on the right side
3. avoid passing other emergency vehicles
4. make sure you can see the opposing lanes of traffic are clear before before passing on the left.
When do snow chains begin to lose thier effectiveness
when the snow is deeper than 8 inches.
How much further does is take a vehicle to stop on snow or ice?
3 to 15 times further
At what speed does a vehicle out run its sirens?
speeds above 50mph.
At 40mph how far does a siren project sound?
At 60 mph how far does a siren project sound?
When multiple vehicles are responding to an emergency how far apart should they be?
300 to 500 feet.
Why should one avoid responding with high beam light on?
They tend to obscure the other warning lights.
All fire aparatus training and testing should follow the requirements contained in NFPA:
1451 Standard for a fire service vehicle operations training programs.